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Jones, Philip D; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2007): Climatological observations from ship logbooks between 1750 and 1854 (release 2.1). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.611088

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Abstract:
The Climatological Database for the World's Oceans: 1750-1854 (CLIWOC) project, which concluded in 2004, abstracted more than 280,000 daily weather observations from ships' logbooks from British, Dutch, French, and Spanish naval vessels engaged in imperial business in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. These data, now compiled into a database, provide valuable information for the reconstruction of oceanic wind field patterns for this key period that precedes the time in which anthropogenic influences on climate became evident. These reconstructions, in turn, provide evidence for such phenomena as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Of equal importance is the finding that the CLIWOC database the first coordinated attempt to harness the scientific potential of this resource represents less than 10 percent of the volume of data currently known to reside in this important but hitherto neglected source.
Related to:
Camuffo, Dario; Jones, Philip D (2002): Improved understanding of past climatic variability from early daily European instrumental sources. Climatic Change, 53(1-3), 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014902904197
Gallego, David; García-Herrera, Ricardo; Ribera, Pedro; Jones, Philip D (2005): Seasonal mean pressure reconstruction for the North Atlantic (1750-1850) based on early marine data. Climate of the Past, 1, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-1-19-2005
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2005): CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750-1854 (and 10 more publications about CLIWOC results in the same volume). Climatic Change, 73(1-2), 1-12ff, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-6952-6
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2006): Ship logbooks help analyze pre-instrumental climate. EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 87(18), 173, hdl:10013/epic.26887.d001
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Jones, Philip D; Prieto, Maria del Rosario (2003): CLIWOC final report. EU contract EVK2-CT-2000-00090, 69 pp, hdl:10013/epic.26888.d001
Garcia, R R; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2003): Sailing ship records as proxies of climate variability over the world's oceans. Global Change Newsletter, 53, 10-13, hdl:10013/epic.36240.d001
Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B (2003): CLIWOC Multilingual meteorological dictionary: an English-Spanish-Dutch-French dictionary of wind force terms used by mariners from 1750 to 1850. KNMI publication (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute), De Bilt (prepared under the EU-funded project EVK1-CT-2000-00090), 205(HISKLIM-5), 49 pp, hdl:10013/epic.36241.d001
Wheeler, Dennis A; García-Herrera, Ricardo; Koek, Frits B; Wilkinson, Clive; Können, Gunther P; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Casale, Riccardo (2006): CLIWOC Climatological database for the world's oceans: 1750 to 1850 - Results of a research project EVK1-CT-2000-00090. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, ISBN 92-894-8279-6, VIII, 190 pp, http://bookshop.europa.eu
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 16.792989 * Median Longitude: -10.234669 * South-bound Latitude: -71.170000 * West-bound Longitude: -179.900000 * North-bound Latitude: 80.800000 * East-bound Longitude: 179.247635
Date/Time Start: 1754-01-11T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1855-07-29T12:00:00
Event(s):
Abel_Tasman_18270816_MAR_D23905_1164 * Latitude Start: -6.100000 * Longitude Start: 106.860000 * Latitude End: 53.000000 * Longitude End: 4.490000 * Date/Time Start: 1827-08-16T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1827-11-13T00:00:00 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Abel Tasman, Voyage: Batavia - Nederland, Company: MAR
Acasta_18070224_NMM_RUSI/NM/180/6 * Latitude Start: 50.630000 * Longitude Start: -10.420000 * Latitude End: 13.000000 * Longitude End: -60.150000 * Date/Time Start: 1807-02-24T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1807-04-04T00:00:00 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Acasta (5th Rate Frigate), Voyage: Cork - Carlisle Bay Barbados, 1st Observer: Philip Beaver (Captain), Company: Royal Navy, Other ship information: 40G 1127BM
Acasta_18090704_NMM_RUSI/NM/180/9 * Latitude Start: 19.650000 * Longitude Start: -65.350000 * Latitude End: 49.600000 * Longitude End: -5.500000 * Date/Time Start: 1809-07-04T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1809-08-14T00:00:00 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Acasta (5th Rate Frigate), Voyage: Road Torn Tortola - The Downs, 1st Observer: Philip Beaver (Captain), Company: Royal Navy, Other ship information: 40G 1127BM
Comment:
In agreement with the project, in 2010 the data set in its final version (2.1) was copied from the CLIWOC website and, after format conversion, archived in PANGAEA. This version allows the download of selected cruises or the complete data set as zip archive. (For processing the tool Pan2Applic is recommended (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.288115). The original format is kept in data set doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.743343.
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