Not logged in
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2010): Meteorological observations during AFRICA cruise from Texel to Batavia started at 1677-04-12. Nationaal Archief of the Netherlands, Den Haag, Netherland, PANGAEA,, In: Jones, Philip D; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2007): Climatological observations from ship logbooks between 1750 and 1854 (release 2.1). PANGAEA,

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Related to:
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2005): CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750–1854 (and 10 more publications about CLIWOC results in the same volume). Climatic Change, 73(1-2), 1-12ff,
Median Latitude: -10.227519 * Median Longitude: 16.027907 * South-bound Latitude: -39.470000 * West-bound Longitude: -24.420000 * North-bound Latitude: 60.000000 * East-bound Longitude: 106.860000
Africa_16770412_VOC_152_5055 * Latitude Start: 53.090000 * Longitude Start: 4.670000 * Latitude End: -6.100000 * Longitude End: 106.860000 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Method/Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Africa, Start of voyage: 1677-04-12, End of voyage: 1677-09-23, Voyage: Texel - Batavia, 1st Observer: Adriaen Jongekoe (Opperstuurman), Company: VOC, Dutch Asiatic Shipping Number: 1345.2, Other ship information: GEBOUWD 1673 IN ROTTERDAM, LAADVERMOGEN 1100 TON
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Date/time startDate/time start
4Wind directiondddegWind direction (from which the wind is blowing) in whole degrees from: 1-360; 361 = calm, 362 = variable. It is not clear from many logbook entries whether the wind direction has been corrected for the magnetic variation (or declination). To avoid any misunderstanding, all winds from reports that included a valid position in the period 1750-1854 were corrected. All other wind directions are given without being corrected.
5Wind speedffm/scalculated from the descriptive terms of wind force given in the observations
6LandmarkLandmarkName of first landmark
7BearingBearingBearing of the first landmark
8Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the first landmark
9LandmarkLandmarkName of second landmark
10BearingBearingBearing of the second landmark
11Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the second landmark
12LandmarkLandmarkName of third landmark
13BearingBearingBearing of the third landmark
14Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the third landmark
15--1 If position is considered to be coastal (in port or near coastal disturbances)
16WatchWatchName of the period of 4 hours which is known as a watch or duty on board ships
17GlassesGlassesNumber of glasses within a watch; one watch equals 8 glasses
18CommentCommentLife on board
19CourseCourseCourse of the ship during the past 24 hours
20DistanceDistancearbitrary unitsDistance travelled during the previous 24 hours
21CommentCommentOther remarks, that were not possible to put in the other remark fields
22Wind direction descriptionWind dir descrAll reported wind directions on this day. The wind direction is the direction that points to where the wind comes from.
23Wind force descriptionWind force descrAll reported wind forces on this day
24Present weatherwwWeather description
25Precipitation descriptionPrecip descr
26State of the sea descriptionState sea descr
27Cloud typeCloud type
29GustsGusts1 If wind gusts are reported
30Precipitation/RainRain1 If rain was reported
31FogFog1 If fog was reported
32Snow typeSnow1 If snow was reported
33ThunderThunder1 If thunder and or lightning was reported
34HailHail1 If hail was reported
35Sea iceSea ice1 If sea-ice or icebergs were reported
36IdentificationIDCLIWOC 2.1 line number
2474 data points

Download Data

Download dataset as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )

View dataset as HTML (shows only first 2000 rows)