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García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2010): Meteorological observations during MIDDELBURG cruise started at 1751-04-08. Nationaal Archief of the Netherlands, Den Haag, Netherland, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.753049, In: Jones, Philip D; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2007): Climatological observations from ship logbooks between 1750 and 1854 (release 2.1). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.611088

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Related to:
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2005): CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750-1854 (and 10 more publications about CLIWOC results in the same volume). Climatic Change, 73(1-2), 1-12ff, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-6952-6
Event(s):
Middelburg_ADM_1113_9 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Middelburg, Start of voyage: 1751-04-08, End of voyage: 1751-04-24, 1st Observer: Ernst Baronde Peterse (Schout Bij Nacht), Company: ADM, Other ship information: HET SCHIP IS GEMONTEERD MET 44 KANONNEN EN 231 BEMANNINGSLEDEN.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Date/time startDate/time start
2LATITUDELatitudeGeocode
3LONGITUDELongitudeGeocode
4Wind directiondddegWind direction (from which the wind is blowing) in whole degrees from: 1-360; 361 = calm, 362 = variable. It is not clear from many logbook entries whether the wind direction has been corrected for the magnetic variation (or declination). To avoid any misunderstanding, all winds from reports that included a valid position in the period 1750-1854 were corrected. All other wind directions are given without being corrected.
5Wind speedffm/scalculated from the descriptive terms of wind force given in the observations
6Image numberImageIdentification Number of the original image
7LandmarkLandmarkName of first landmark
8BearingBearingBearing of the first landmark
9Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the first landmark
10LandmarkLandmarkName of second landmark
11BearingBearingBearing of the second landmark
12Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the second landmark
13LandmarkLandmarkName of third landmark
14BearingBearingBearing of the third landmark
15Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the third landmark
16--1 If position is considered to be coastal (in port or near coastal disturbances)
17WatchWatchName of the period of 4 hours which is known as a watch or duty on board ships
18GlassesGlassesNumber of glasses within a watch; one watch equals 8 glasses
19CommentCommentLife on board
20CourseCourseCourse of the ship during the past 24 hours
21DistanceDistancearbitrary unitsDistance travelled during the previous 24 hours
22Wind direction descriptionWind dir descrAll reported wind directions on this day. The wind direction is the direction that points to where the wind comes from.
23Wind force descriptionWind force descrAll reported wind forces on this day
24Present weatherwwWeather description
25Precipitation descriptionPrecip descr
26Cloud typeCloud type
27ClearnessClearness
28GustsGusts1 If wind gusts are reported
29Precipitation/RainRain1 If rain was reported
30FogFog1 If fog was reported
31Snow typeSnow1 If snow was reported
32ThunderThunder1 If thunder and or lightning was reported
33HailHail1 If hail was reported
34Sea iceSea ice1 If sea-ice or icebergs were reported
35IdentificationIDCLIWOC 2.1 line number
Size:
390 data points

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