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García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2010): Meteorological observations during De Ruijter cruise from Amsterdam to Texel started at 1815-05-08. Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum Amsterdam, Netherland, PANGAEA,, In: Jones, Philip D; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2007): Climatological observations from ship logbooks between 1750 and 1854 (release 2.1). PANGAEA,

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Related to:
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2005): CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750–1854 (and 10 more publications about CLIWOC results in the same volume). Climatic Change, 73(1-2), 1-12ff,
Date/Time Start: 1815-05-08T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1815-05-12T00:00:00
De_Ruijter_18150508_I-048 * Latitude Start: 52.900000 * Longitude Start: 4.100000 * Latitude End: 53.090000 * Longitude End: 4.670000 * Date/Time Start: 1815-05-08T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1815-05-12T00:00:00 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: De Ruijter (Linieschip), Voyage: Amsterdam - Texel, 1st Observer: H.P.N. 'T Hooft (Ltz), Company: ADM
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
4Wind directiondddegWind direction (from which the wind is blowing) in whole degrees from: 1-360; 361 = calm, 362 = variable. It is not clear from many logbook entries whether the wind direction has been corrected for the magnetic variation (or declination). To avoid any misunderstanding, all winds from reports that included a valid position in the period 1750-1854 were corrected. All other wind directions are given without being corrected.
5Wind speedffm/scalculated from the descriptive terms of wind force given in the observations
6LandmarkLandmarkName of first landmark
7BearingBearingBearing of the first landmark
8Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the first landmark
9--1 If position is considered to be coastal (in port or near coastal disturbances)
10WatchWatchName of the period of 4 hours which is known as a watch or duty on board ships
11GlassesGlassesNumber of glasses within a watch; one watch equals 8 glasses
12CourseCourseCourse of the ship during the past 24 hours
13DistanceDistancearbitrary unitsDistance travelled during the previous 24 hours
14Wind direction descriptionWind dir descrAll reported wind directions on this day. The wind direction is the direction that points to where the wind comes from.
15Wind force descriptionWind force descrAll reported wind forces on this day
16Present weatherwwWeather description
17Cloud typeCloud type
19GustsGusts1 If wind gusts are reported
20Precipitation/RainRain1 If rain was reported
21FogFog1 If fog was reported
22Snow typeSnow1 If snow was reported
23ThunderThunder1 If thunder and or lightning was reported
24HailHail1 If hail was reported
25Sea iceSea ice1 If sea-ice or icebergs were reported
26IdentificationIDCLIWOC 2.1 line number
103 data points

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