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García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2010): Meteorological observations during HIPPOMENES cruise from Baroes to Padang started at 1839-05-05. Nationaal Archief of the Netherlands, Den Haag, Netherland, PANGAEA,, In: Jones, Philip D; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2007): Climatological observations from ship logbooks between 1750 and 1854 (release 2.1). PANGAEA,

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Related to:
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2005): CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750–1854 (and 10 more publications about CLIWOC results in the same volume). Climatic Change, 73(1-2), 1-12ff,
Date/Time Start: 1839-05-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1839-05-11T00:00:00
Hippomenes_18390505_MAR_D23905_2109 * Date/Time Start: 1839-05-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1839-05-11T00:00:00 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Hippomenes (Korvet), Voyage: Baroes - Padang, 1st Observer: G. W. Moll (Kapitein), Company: MER
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
2Wind directiondddegWind direction (from which the wind is blowing) in whole degrees from: 1-360; 361 = calm, 362 = variable. It is not clear from many logbook entries whether the wind direction has been corrected for the magnetic variation (or declination). To avoid any misunderstanding, all winds from reports that included a valid position in the period 1750-1854 were corrected. All other wind directions are given without being corrected.
3Wind speedffm/scalculated from the descriptive terms of wind force given in the observations
4Pressure, atmosphericPPPPhPaNo temperature correction was applied. The following factors have been used for the conversion to hPa: 2.54 cm in an inch; 13.596 specific gravity of mercury; 980.65 cm/s gravity at 45° latitude
5Temperature, airTTT°C
6Image numberImageIdentification Number of the original image
7LandmarkLandmarkName of first landmark
8BearingBearingBearing of the first landmark
9LandmarkLandmarkName of second landmark
10BearingBearingBearing of the second landmark
11LandmarkLandmarkName of third landmark
12BearingBearingBearing of the third landmark
13--1 If position is considered to be coastal (in port or near coastal disturbances)
14WatchWatchName of the period of 4 hours which is known as a watch or duty on board ships
15GlassesGlassesNumber of glasses within a watch; one watch equals 8 glasses
16CommentCommentLife on board
17Sensor readingReadingarbitrary unitsReading of the (outside) air thermometer
18Sensor readingReadingarbitrary unitsReading of the air pressure
19Wind direction descriptionWind dir descrAll reported wind directions on this day. The wind direction is the direction that points to where the wind comes from.
20Wind force descriptionWind force descrAll reported wind forces on this day
21Present weatherwwWeather description
22Cloud typeCloud type
24GustsGusts1 If wind gusts are reported
25Precipitation/RainRain1 If rain was reported
26FogFog1 If fog was reported
27Snow typeSnow1 If snow was reported
28ThunderThunder1 If thunder and or lightning was reported
29HailHail1 If hail was reported
30Sea iceSea ice1 If sea-ice or icebergs were reported
31IdentificationIDCLIWOC 2.1 line number
149 data points

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