Zuraida, Rina; Holbourn, Ann; Nürnberg, Dirk; Kuhnt, Wolfgang; Dürkop, Anke; Erichsen, A (2009): Magnesium/calcium and stable isotope ratios of planktonic foraminifera from the Timor Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.712515, Supplement to: Zuraida, R et al. (2009): Evidence for Indonesian Throughflow slow-down during Heinrich Events 3-5. Paleoceanography, 24(2), PA2205, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008PA001653
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We present sea surface and upper thermocline temperature records (60-100 yr temporal resolution) spanning Marine Isotope Stage 3 (~24-62 kyr BP) from IMAGES Core MD01-2378 (121°47.27'E and 13°04.95'S; 1783 m water depth) located in the outflow area of the Indonesian Throughflow within the Timor Sea. Stable isotopes and Mg/Ca of the near surface dwelling planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber (white) and the upper thermocline dwelling Pulleniatina obliquiloculata reveal rapid changes in the thermal structure of the upper ocean during Heinrich Events. Thermocline warming and increased delta18Oseawater (P. obliquiloculata record) during Heinrich Events 3, 4, and 5 reflect weakening of the relatively cool and fresh thermocline flow and reduced export of less saline water from the North Pacific and Indonesian Seas to the tropical Indian Ocean. Three main factors influenced Indonesian Throughflow variability during Marine Isotope Stage 3: (1) global slow-down in thermohaline circulation during Heinrich Events triggered by northern hemisphere cooling; (2) increased freshwater export from the Java Sea into the Indonesian Throughflow controlled by rising sea level from ~60 to 47 ka and (3) insolation related changes in Australasian monsoon with associated migration of hydrological fronts between Indian Ocean and Indonesian Throughflow derived water masses at ~46-40 ka.
Latitude: -13.082500 * Longitude: 121.788000
Date/Time Start: 2001-05-03T21:05:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-05-03T21:05:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Zuraida, R; Holbourn, A; Nürnberg, D et al. (2009): Stable isotopes, magnesium/calcium-ratios and sea water temperature on planktonic foraminifera of sediment core MD01-2378. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.712513
- Zuraida, R; Holbourn, A; Nürnberg, D et al. (2009): d18Osw benthic-corrected on planktonic foraminifera of sediment core MD01-2378. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.712514