Not logged in
PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Parga Martínez, Karla B; Tekman, Mine Banu; Bergmann, Melanie (2020): Litter trends at three stations of the HAUSGARTEN observatory. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.912471

Always quote citation above when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Abstract:
The deep sea is considered a major sink for debris even in regions as secluded as the Arctic Ocean. Here, we assess the variability of litter over a latitudinal gradient at the HAUSGARTEN observatory by adding imagery from the southernmost station S3 to previously published data from the northernmost station N3 and the central station HG-IV. The analysis includes footage of the seafloor from 2002 to 2017. Photographic surveys were analyzed to determine litter density, material composition, size and interactions with epibenthic fauna. Litter density clearly increased over time ranging between 813 ± 525 (SEM) and 6,717 ± 2,044 (SEM) items km-². The dominant material was plastic and small-sized items accounted for 63% of the litter in the observatory. N3 experienced the strongest increase in litter dominated by dark pieces of glass (41%). Interactions between litter and epibenthic megafauna were frequently observed (45% of items) in the form of entanglement with sponges or colonization by sea anemones.
Keyword(s):
deep seafloor; Hausgarten; marine litter; plastic
Supplement to:
Parga Martínez, Karla B; Tekman, Mine Banu; Bergmann, Melanie (2020): Temporal Trends in Marine Litter at Three Stations of the HAUSGARTEN Observatory in the Arctic Deep Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00321
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 79.116054 * Median Longitude: 4.842167 * South-bound Latitude: 78.616260 * West-bound Longitude: 4.159330 * North-bound Latitude: 79.600670 * East-bound Longitude: 5.283170
Date/Time Start: 2002-08-03T05:02:00 * Date/Time End: 2017-08-10T14:04:00
Minimum Elevation: -2800.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -2304.3 m
Event(s):
MSM29_440-1 (S3) * Latitude Start: 78.617330 * Longitude Start: 5.001330 * Latitude End: 78.616670 * Longitude End: 5.142830 * Date/Time Start: 2013-07-02T07:03:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-07-02T11:59:59 * Elevation Start: -2318.5 m * Elevation End: -2304.3 m * Location: North Greenland Sea * Campaign: MSM29 (HAUSGARTEN 2013) * Basis: Maria S. Merian * Method/Device: Ocean Floor Observation System (OFOS) * Comment: rope length max. 2298m / FR2/2
MSM29_445-1 * Latitude Start: 79.599830 * Longitude Start: 5.159670 * Latitude End: 79.580670 * Longitude End: 5.222500 * Date/Time Start: 2013-07-05T05:29:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-07-05T10:27:59 * Elevation Start: -2748.5 m * Elevation End: -2638.1 m * Location: North Greenland Sea * Campaign: MSM29 (HAUSGARTEN 2013) * Basis: Maria S. Merian * Method/Device: Ocean Floor Observation System (OFOS) * Comment: rope length max. 27522m / FR2/2
PS107_2-20 * Latitude: 78.616260 * Longitude: 4.980850 * Date/Time: 2017-07-26T21:10:00 * Elevation: -2365.0 m * Location: North Greenland Sea * Campaign: PS107 (ARK-XXXI/2) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: Ocean Floor Observation System (OFOS)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventParga Martínez, Karla B
2Persistent IdentifierPersistent IdentifierParga Martínez, Karla B
3Uniform resource locator/link to imageURL imageParga Martínez, Karla B
4Image number/nameImageParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
5Year of imageryImagerya ADParga Martínez, Karla B
6Station labelStationParga Martínez, Karla B
7AreaAream2Parga Martínez, Karla B
8Marine litterMarine litter#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
9Marine litterMarine litter#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
10Marine litter, plasticPlastic#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
11Marine litter, plasticPlastic#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
12Marine litter, rubberRubber#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
13Marine litter, rubberRubber#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
14Marine litter, styrofoamStyrofoam#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
15Marine litter, styrofoamStyrofoam#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
16Marine litter, plastic, fisheriesFisheries plastic#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
17Marine litter, plastic, fisheriesFisheries plastic#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
18Marine litter, ropeRope#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
19Marine litter, ropeRope#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
20Marine litter, glassGlass#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
21Marine litter, glassGlass#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
22Marine litter, timberTimber#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
23Marine litter, timberTimber#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
24Marine litter, paperPaper#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
25Marine litter, paperPaper#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
26Marine litter, metalMetal#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
27Marine litter, metalMetal#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
28Marine litter, food wasteFood waste#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
29Marine litter, food wasteFood waste#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
30Marine litter, unidentifiedUnident litter#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
31Marine litter, unidentifiedUnident litter#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
32Marine litter, fabricFabric#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
33Marine litter, fabricFabric#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
34Marine litter, potteryPottery#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
35Marine litter, potteryPottery#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculatedTransform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
36Marine litter, small itemsSmall items#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis< 10 cm
37Marine litter, small itemsSmall items#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculated< 10 cm; Transform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
38Marine litter, medium itemsMedium items#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis10-50 cm
39Marine litter, medium itemsMedium items#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculated10-50 cm; Transform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
40Marine litter, large itemsLarge items#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis> 50 cm
41Marine litter, large itemsLarge items#/m2Parga Martínez, Karla BCalculated> 50 cm; Transform litter count to litter density [litter count / area] * 1,000,000
42Fauna interaction with litterInteract litterParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisn = no, y = yes, nan = not found
43Interaction, megafaunaInteract megafauna#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysistotal, blanks = no litter
44Interaction with litter, Cladorhiza gelidaInteract C. gelida#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
45Type of interaction with litter, Cladorhiza gelidaType interact C. gelidaParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
46Interaction with litter, HormathiidaeInteract Hormathiidae#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
47Type of interaction with litter, HormathiidaeType interact HormathiidaeParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
48Interaction with litter, Caulophacus arcticusInteract C. arcticus#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
49Type of interaction with litter, Caulophacus arcticusType interact C. arcticusParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
50Interaction with litter, Caulophacus debrisInteract C. debris#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
51Type of interaction with litter, Caulophacus debrisType interact C. debrisParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
52Interaction with litter, Bathyphellia margaritaceaInteract B. margaritacea#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
53Type of interaction with litter, Bathyphellia margaritaceaType interact B. margaritaceaParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
54Interaction with litter, Bathycrinus carpenteriiInteract B. carpenterii#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
55Type of interaction with litter, Bathycrinus carpenteriiType interact B. carpenteriiParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
56Interaction with litter, Bythocaris sp.Interact Bythocaris sp.#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
57Type of interaction with litter, Bythocaris sp.Type interact Bythocaris sp.Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
58Interaction with litter, Birsteiniamysis inermisInteract B. inermis#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
59Type of interaction with litter, Birsteiniamysis inermisType interact B. inermisParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
60Interaction with litter, Gersemia fruticosaInteract G. fruticosa#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
61Type of interaction with litter, Gersemia fruticosaType interact G. fruticosaParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
62Interaction with litter, Verum striolatumInteract V. striolatum#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
63Type of interaction with litter, Verum striolatumType interact V. striolatumParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
64Interaction with litter, HolothuridaeInteract Holothuridae#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
65Type of interaction with litter, HolothuridaeType interact HolothuridaeParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
66Interaction with litter, cf. PachastrellidaeInteract cf. Pachastrellidae#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
67Type of interaction with litter, cf. PachastrellidaeType interact cf. PachastrellidaeParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
68Interaction with litter, Actinia indeterminataInteract Actinia indet#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysis
69Type of interaction with litter, Actinia indeterminataType interact Actinia indetParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisAnnotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
70Interaction with litter, ActiniariaInteract Actiniaria#Parga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisPurple anemone
71Type of interaction with litter, ActiniariaType interact ActiniariaParga Martínez, Karla BOFOS photographic survey with BIIGLE analysisPurple anemone; Annotation: entanglement, colonization or in contact with
Size:
889003 data points

Download Data

Download dataset as tab-delimited text — use the following character encoding:

View dataset as HTML (shows only first 2000 rows)