Bergmann, Melanie; Wirzberger, Vanessa; Krumpen, Thomas; Lorenz, Claudia; Primpke, Sebastian; Tekman, Mine Banu (2017): Microplastics in Arctic deep-sea sediments from the HAUSGARTEN observatory. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.879739, Supplement to: Bergmann, Melanie; Wirzberger, Vanessa; Krumpen, Thomas; Lorenz, Claudia; Primpke, Sebastian; Tekman, Mine Banu; Gerdts, Gunnar (2017): High Quantities of Microplastic in Arctic Deep-Sea Sediments from the HAUSGARTEN Observatory. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(19), 11000-11010, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b03331
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Although mounting evidence suggests the ubiquity of microplastic in aquatic ecosystems worldwide, our knowledge of its distribution in remote environments such as Polar Regions and the deep sea is scarce. Here, we analyzed nine sediment samples taken at the HAUSGARTEN observatory in the Arctic at 2,340 - 5,570 m depth. Density separation by MicroPlastic Sediment Separator and treatment with Fenton's reagent enabled analysis via Attenuated Total Reflection FTIR and µFTIR spectroscopy.
Our analyses indicate the wide spread of high numbers of microplastics (42 - 6,595 microplastics/kg). The northernmost stations harbored the highest quantities, indicating sea ice as a transport vehicle. A positive correlation between microplastic abundance and chlorophyll a content suggests vertical export via incorporation in sinking (ice-) algal aggregates. Overall, 18 different polymers were detected. Chlorinated polyethylene accounted for the largest proportion (38 %), followed by polyamide (22 %) and polypropylene (16 %). Almost 80 % of the microplastics were <25 µm.
The microplastic quantities are amongst the highest recorded from benthic sediments, which corroborates the deep sea as a major sink for microplastics and the presence of accumulation areas in this remote part of the world, fed by plastics transported to the North via the Thermohaline Circulation.
Median Latitude: 79.290455 * Median Longitude: 4.021884 * South-bound Latitude: 78.599670 * West-bound Longitude: 2.843000 * North-bound Latitude: 79.938170 * East-bound Longitude: 5.171330
Date/Time Start: 2015-07-25T04:12:00 * Date/Time End: 2015-08-11T22:18:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Bergmann, M; Wirzberger, V; Krumpen, T et al. (2017): Abundance of microplastic in surface sediment during POLARSTERN cruise PS93.2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.879736
- Bergmann, M; Wirzberger, V; Krumpen, T et al. (2017): Bulk sediment parameters during POLARSTERN cruise PS93.2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.879735
- Bergmann, M; Wirzberger, V; Krumpen, T et al. (2017): Concentration of microplastic particles in surface sediment during POLARSTERN cruise PS93.2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.879737
- Bergmann, M; Wirzberger, V; Krumpen, T et al. (2017): Sea ice concentration during POLARSTERN cruise PS93.2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.879738