Felis, Thomas; Mudelsee, Manfred (2019): Ras Umm Sidd annual winter δ¹⁸O data of coral core/colony RUS-95 as proxy for major Red Sea deep water renewals. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.900471, Supplement to: Felis, T; Mudelsee, M (2019): Pacing of Red Sea deep water renewal during the last centuries. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(8), 4413-4420, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL082756
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The Red Sea is a deep marine basin often considered as small‐scale version of the global ocean. Hydrographic observations and ocean‐atmosphere modeling indicate Red Sea deep water was episodically renewed by wintertime open‐ocean deep convections during 1982-2001, suggesting a renewal time on the order of a decade. However, the long‐term pacing of Red Sea deep water renewals is largely uncertain. We use an annually resolved coral oxygen isotope record of winter surface water conditions to show that the late twentieth century deep water renewals were probably unusual in the context of the preceding ~100 years. More frequent major events are detected during the late Little Ice Age, particularly during the early nineteenth century characterized by large tropical volcanic eruptions. We conclude that Red Sea deep water renewal time is on the order of a decade up to a century, depending on the mean climatic conditions and large‐scale interannual climate forcing.
Source data set:
Felis, Thomas; Ionita, Monica; Rimbu, Norel; Lohmann, Gerrit; Kölling, Martin (2018): Ras Umm Sidd bimonthly δ¹⁸O and Sr/Ca data and annual d18O, Sr/Ca, reconstructed Sr/Ca temperature and reconstructed d18O seawater data of coral core/colony RUS-95. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.891098
Latitude: 27.848300 * Longitude: 34.310000
Date/Time Start: 1995-11-29T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-11-29T00:00:00
Minimum Elevation: -3.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -3.0 m
RUS-95 * Latitude: 27.848300 * Longitude: 34.310000 * Date/Time: 1995-11-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3.0 m * Location: Sinai Peninsula, northern Red Sea * Campaign: DifferentSites * Method/Device: Drill, hydraulic (DRILLHY) * Comment: Elevation ist water depth between top of coral and water surface.
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method/Device||Comment|
|1||AGE||Age||ka BP||Felis, Thomas||Geocode|
|2||Age||Age||a AD/CE||Felis, Thomas||mid-February of any given year|
|3||Age, error to older||Age e +||ka BP||Felis, Thomas|
|4||Age, error to younger||Age e -||ka BP||Felis, Thomas|
|5||Porites sp., δ18O||Porites sp. δ18O||‰ PDB||Felis, Thomas||winter coral, per mil VPDB|
|6||Porites sp., δ18O standard deviation||Porites sp. δ18O std dev||±||Felis, Thomas||analytical error|
1225 data points