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Felis, Thomas; Pätzold, Jürgen; Loya, Y; Fine, Maoz; Nawar, Ahmed H; Wefer, Gerold (2000): Stable oxygen isotope record of coral core RUS-95 from the northern Red Sea [dataset]. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Felis, T et al. (2000): A coral oxygen isotope record from the northern Red Sea documenting NAO, ENSO, and North Pacific teleconnections on Middle East climate variability since the year 1750. Paleoceanography, 15(6), 679-694,

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A 245-year coral oxygen isotope record from the northern Red Sea (Ras Umm Sidd/Egypt, ~28°N) in bimonthly resolution is presented. The mean annual coral delta18O signal apparently reflects varying proportions of both sea surface temperature and delta18Oseawater variability. In conjunction with instrumental observations of climate the coral record suggests for interannual and longer timescales that colder periods are accompanied by more arid conditions in the northern Red Sea but increased rainfall in the southeastern Mediterranean, whereas warmer periods are accompanied by decreased rainfall in the latter and less arid conditions in the northern Red Sea. A ~70-year oscillation of probably North Atlantic origin dominates the coral time series. Interannual to interdecadal variability is correlated with instrumental indices of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and North Pacific climate variability. The results suggest that these modes contributed consistently to Middle East climate variability since at least 1750, preferentially at a period of ~5.7 years.
Other version:
Felis, Thomas (2000): Oxygen isotopes of coral core RUS-95. NOAA, National Climatic Data Center (NCDC),
Latitude: 27.848300 * Longitude: 34.310000
Date/Time Start: 1995-11-29T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-11-29T00:00:00
Minimum Elevation: -3.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -3.0 m
RUS-95 * Latitude: 27.848300 * Longitude: 34.310000 * Date/Time: 1995-11-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3.0 m * Location: Sinai Peninsula, northern Red Sea * Campaign: DifferentSites * Method/Device: Drill, hydraulic (DRILLHY) * Comment: Elevation ist water depth between top of coral and water surface.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1AGEAgeka BPGeocode
2AgeAgea AD/CEFelis, ThomasCalculated
3Porites sp., δ18OPorites sp. δ18O‰ PDBFelis, ThomasMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 251
2936 data points

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