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Hauss, Helena; Ismar, Stefanie M; Dörner, Isabel; Abele, Doris; Lohbeck, Kai T; Riebesell, Ulf (2018): Phytoplankton, Microzooplankton and Fatty Acid Composition in the KOSMOS Experiment Bergen 2015. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.896337, Supplement to: Dörner, Isabel; Hauss, Helena; Aberle, Nicole; Lohbeck, Kai T; Spisla, Carsten; Riebesell, Ulf; Ismar, Stefanie M (accepted): Ocean acidification impacts on biomass and fatty acid composition of a post-bloom marine plankton community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13390

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Abstract:
Quantifying effects of Ocean Acidification (OA) on marine primary and secondary producers is of acute interest, as they could translate up to higher trophic levels and ultimately may alter ecosystem services including fishery yields. A mesocosm approach was used to investigate the effects of OA on a natural plankton community in coastal waters off Norway by manipulating CO2 partial pressure (pCO2). Eight enclosures were deployed in the Raunefjord near Bergen. Treatment levels were ambient and elevated pCO2 of ~ 2000 µatm each in four replicate enclosures. The experiment lasted for 53 days in early summer of 2015. To assess impacts of OA on the plankton community, we measured phytoplankton and protozooplankton biomass and total seston fatty acid (FA) content. In both the control and the elevated pCO2 treatment, the plankton community was dominated by the dinoflagellate Ceratium longipes. In the elevated pCO2 treatment, however, this species as well as other dinoflagellates were strongly negatively impacted: At the end of the experiment, total dinoflagellate biomass was fourfold higher in the control group than under elevated pCO2 treatment. In a size comparison of C. longipes, individuals in the high pCO2 treatment were significantly larger. Fatty acid analysis revealed a decreased ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to saturated fatty acids (SFA) at elevated pCO2. Further, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C 22:6n3c), essential for development and reproduction of copepods and higher trophic levels, was lower in the high pCO2 treatment. Both in quality and quantity of their food, higher trophic levels thus experienced worse conditions in a community exposed to elevated pCO2, with potentially severe consequences for higher trophic levels.
Related to:
Hauss, Helena; Ismar, Stefanie M; Dörner, Isabel (2020): Phytoplankton and microzooplankton abundance in the KOSMOS Experiment Bergen 2015. PANGAEA, https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.919634
Hauss, Helena; Ismar, Stefanie M; Dörner, Isabel; Aberle, Nicole (2020): Biovolume of Ceratium longipes and Ceratium fusus in the KOSMOS Experiment Bergen 2015. PANGAEA, https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.919647
Hauss, Helena; Ismar, Stefanie M; Dörner, Isabel; Aberle, Nicole (2020): Phytoplankton and microzooplankton biomass in the KOSMOS Experiment Bergen 2015. PANGAEA, https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.919632
Coverage:
Latitude: 60.265000 * Longitude: 5.205830
Date/Time Start: 2015-05-03T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2015-06-30T00:00:00
Size:
2 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Hauss, H (2018): Fatty acid Composition in the KOSMOS Experiment Bergen 2015. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.896336
  2. Hauss, H (2018): Phytoplankton Composition in the KOSMOS Experiment Bergen 2015. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.896334