Not logged in
PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Schiebel, Vera; Litt, Thomas (2017): Holocene pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.884740, Supplement to: Schiebel, V; Litt, T (2018): Holocene vegetation history of the southern Levant based on a pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 27(4), 577-590, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-017-0658-3

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Abstract:
Lake Kinneret, also known as the Sea of Galilee and Lake Tiberias, is located in the northeast of Israel. At a lake level of 211 m b.s.l. (below mean sea level), the central basin is 43 m deep. The maximum length of the lake is 21 km (N-S) and its maximum width is 12 km (W-E). Lake Kinneret's surface area is 166 166 km². A new 17.8 m long sedimentary core was drilled in 2010. Here, we present the entire palynological record from it, which covers the last ~ 9,000 years. Special emphasis is given to the natural and human-influenced vegetation history of Galilee in comparison to that of the more southerly Dead Sea region. Significant signs of human impact are the first Olea (olive) increase during the beginning of the Chalcolithic period between 7,000 and 6,500 years ago, as well as the prominent Olea phase during the Hellenistic/Roman/Byzantine period between 2,300 and 1,500 years ago. Mediterranean macchia and bathas scrub vegetation, as known in the area today, has developed in the southern Levant under human impact since the last ca. 1,500 years.
Coverage:
Latitude: 32.823280 * Longitude: 35.588810
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.01 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 17.54 m
Event(s):
KI10_I_II (Lake_Kinneret core site) * Latitude: 32.823280 * Longitude: 35.588810 * Location: Sea of Galilee, Israel * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: KI10_1 13.3. m core recovery, KI10_II 17.8 m core recovery, drilling with UWITEC dravity corer and piston corer
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Sample volumeSamp volcm3Litt, Thomas
2DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmLitt, ThomasGeocode – composite
3AGEAgeka BPLitt, ThomasGeocode – y = 0.1967x
4Olea europaeaOle.e#Litt, Thomas
5Quercus calliprinos-typeQ. calliprinos-T#Litt, Thomas
6Quercus ithaburensis-typeQ. ithaburensis-T#Litt, Thomas
7Quercus indeterminataQue.indet#Litt, Thomas
8PistaciaPst#Litt, Thomas
9PhillyreaPhi#Litt, Thomas
10Ephedra fragilis-typeEph.f-T#Litt, Thomas
11Ephedra distachya-typeEph.d-T#Litt, Thomas
12TamarixTam#Litt, Thomas
13PinusPin#Litt, Thomas
14BetulaBet#Litt, Thomas
15Juglans regiaJug.r#Litt, Thomas
16Vitis viniferaVts.v#Litt, Thomas
17CupressaceaeCupae#Litt, Thomas
18FagusFag#Litt, Thomas
19AlnusAln#Litt, Thomas
20TiliaTil#Litt, Thomas
21EucalyptusEuc#Litt, Thomas
22ChenopodiaceaeCheae#Litt, Thomas
23CichorioideaeCicoid#Litt, Thomas
24AsteroideaeAsteroideae#Litt, Thomas
25ArtemisiaArt#Litt, Thomas
26PoaceaePoac#Litt, Thomas
27Cerealia-typeCrl-T#Litt, Thomas
28PlantaginaceaePlaae#Litt, Thomas
29ApiaceaeApiae#Litt, Thomas
30BrassicaceaeBraae#Litt, Thomas
31CaryophyllaceaeCphae#Litt, Thomas
32RubiaceaeRubae#Litt, Thomas
33CentaureaCen#Litt, Thomas
34RumexRum#Litt, Thomas
35CistusCiu#Litt, Thomas
36RosaceaeRosae#Litt, Thomas
37FabaceaeFabae#Litt, Thomas
38SalviaSav#Litt, Thomas
39Mentha-typeMen-T#Litt, Thomas
40ScrophulariaceaeScoae#Litt, Thomas
41CucurbitaceaeCucureae#Litt, Thomas
42Sarcopoterium spinosumSar.s#Litt, Thomas
43PolygonaceaePolae#Litt, Thomas
44EpilobiumEpl#Litt, Thomas
45RanunculaceaeRanae#Litt, Thomas
46TheligonumThg#Litt, Thomas
47Rhamnus-typeRha-T#Litt, Thomas
48AsphodelusAph#Litt, Thomas
49FumanaFua#Litt, Thomas
50HypericumHyp#Litt, Thomas
51ScabiosaSca#Litt, Thomas
52CannabisCan#Litt, Thomas
53ThalictrumTha#Litt, Thomas
54LinumLin#Litt, Thomas
55PapaveraceaePapae#Litt, Thomas
56UrticaceaeUrtae#Litt, Thomas
57AnemoneAne#Litt, Thomas
58LythrumLyt#Litt, Thomas
59AdonisAdn#Litt, Thomas
60StyraxSty#Litt, Thomas
61ElatineEla#Litt, Thomas
62MalvaceaeMalvae#Litt, Thomas
63EricaceaeEriae#Litt, Thomas
64CampanulaceaeCamae#Litt, Thomas
65CyperaceaeCypae#Litt, Thomas
66FilipendulaFlp#Litt, Thomas
67SparganiumSpa#Litt, Thomas
68Pollen, destroyedPollen dest#Litt, Thomas
69LycopodiumLyc#Litt, Thomas
70Pollen totalPollen tot#Litt, Thomasconcentration
Size:
4964 data points

Download Data

Download dataset as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )

View dataset as HTML (shows only first 2000 rows)