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Voigt, Ines; Cruz, Anna Paula Soares; Mulitza, Stefan; Chiessi, Cristiano Mazur; Mackensen, Andreas; Lippold, Jörg; Antz, Benny; Zabel, Matthias; Zhang, Yancheng; Barbosa, Catia F; Tisserand, Amandine (2017): Stable isotope data and sedimentary major element concentration of sediment cores from the western equatorial Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875887, Supplement to: Voigt, I et al. (2017): Variability in mid-depth ventilation of the western Atlantic Ocean during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography, 32(9), 948-965, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017PA003095

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Abstract:
Negative stable carbon isotopic excursions have been observed throughout most of the mid-depth (~1000-3000m) Atlantic Ocean during Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1) and the Younger Dryas (YD). Although there is agreement that these mid-depth excursions were in some way associated with a slowdown of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), there is still no consensus on the precise mechanism(s). Here, we present benthic stable carbon and oxygen isotopic (d13C and d18O) records from five cores from the western equatorial Atlantic (WEA). Together with published benthic isotopic records from nearby cores, we produced a WEA depth transect (~800-2500m). We compare HS1 and YD data from this transect with data from previously published North- and South Atlantic cores and demonstrate that the largest negative d13C excursions occurred in the WEA during these times. Moreover, our benthic d18O records require the presence of two water masses flowing from the Southern Ocean, bisected by a Northern Component Water (NCW). Given that d18O is a conservative water mass tracer, we suggest that d13C was decoupled from water mass composition and do not correspond to simple alternations between northern and southern sourced waters. Instead, d13C behaved non-conservatively during HS1 and the YD. Consistently with our new 231Pa/230Th record from the WEA transect, that allowed the reconstruction of AMOC strength, we hypothesize that the negative d13C excursions reflect an increase in the residence time of NCW in response to a weakened AMOC, allowing for a marked accumulation of 13C-depleted respired carbon at the mid-depth WEA.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -1.205611 * Median Longitude: -42.838902 * South-bound Latitude: -4.216330 * West-bound Longitude: -52.083167 * North-bound Latitude: 6.656333 * East-bound Longitude: -37.075330
Date/Time Start: 2012-02-22T15:41:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-03-08T16:07:00
Size:
12 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 1) Stable isotopes of sediment core GeoB16202-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875792
  2. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 1) Stable isotopes of sediment core GeoB16203-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875793
  3. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 1) Stable isotopes of sediment core GeoB16205-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875794
  4. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 1) Stable isotopes of sediment core GeoB16206-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875795
  5. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 1) Stable isotopes of sediment core GeoB16224-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875796
  6. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 3) Sedimentary Pa/Th ratios of sediment core GeoB16206-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875886
  7. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 4) EDP-XRF measurements of sediment core GeoB16202-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875812
  8. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 4) EDP-XRF measurements of sediment core GeoB16203-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875813
  9. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 4) EDP-XRF measurements of sediment core GeoB16205-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875814
  10. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 4) EDP-XRF measurements of sediment core GeoB16206-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875815
  11. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 5) Opal content of sediment core GeoB16206-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875826
  12. Voigt, I; Cruz, APS; Mulitza, S et al. (2017): (Supplementary Table 6) Stable isotope data of sediment core GS07-150-17/1GC-A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.875852