Not logged in
PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Litt, Thomas; Ohlwein, Christian; Neumann, Frank Harald; Hense, Andreas; Stein, Mordechai (2012): Pollen record of sediment core Ein Gedi (DSEn), Dead Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.874340, Supplement to: Litt, T et al. (2012): Holocene climate variability in the Levant from the Dead Sea pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews, 49, 95-105, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.06.012

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Abstract:
The Dead Sea, located at the deepest place on continent and between the subtropical Mediterranean zone and the desert, reflects in its water composition and levels, and sedimentary records the hydrological conditions in the southern Levant region. Temporal variations in rainfall and temperatures of the Holocene Levant are reconstructed here from pollen data recovered from a sediment core drilled at the Ein Gedi shore, applying a novel biome model based on Bayesian statistics. Our results suggest that the region was arid and warm in the early Holocene period (~10-6.5 ka cal BP), wetter and colder in the mid Holocene (6.3-3.3 ka cal BP), and drier and warmer in the late Holocene (~3.2 ka cal BP to present). These periods comprise multi-centennial climate cycles that are characterized by rapid changes in temperature and precipitation reflecting Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and atmospheric conditions over the Atlantic Ocean. The pollen record responds within a short time interval to the climate conditions and marks rapid shifts from Mediterranean to desert environmental conditions and back in the southern Levant region. We also evaluate our results in the light of possible disturbances of the natural vegetation, e.g. the possibility of forest decrease, since the Neolithic.
Coverage:
Latitude: 31.465280 * Longitude: 35.394170
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: -0.18 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 19.49 m
Event(s):
DSEn (Ein Gedi) * Latitude: 31.465280 * Longitude: 35.394170 * Elevation: -413.0 m * Location: Dead Sea Basin, Israel * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmLitt, ThomasGeocode
2AGEAgeka BPLitt, ThomasGeocode
3Quercus ithaburensis-typeQ. ithaburensis-T#Litt, Thomas
4Quercus calliprinos-typeQ. calliprinos-T#Litt, Thomas
5PistaciaPst#Litt, Thomas
6CeratoniaCea#Litt, Thomas
7OleaOle#Litt, Thomas
8PhillyreaPhi#Litt, Thomas
9ArbutusArb#Litt, Thomas
10LaurusLau#Litt, Thomas
11PinusPin#Litt, Thomas
12CedrusCed#Litt, Thomas
13CupressaceaeCupae#Litt, Thomas
14PlatanusPlt#Litt, Thomas
15CasuarinaCau#Litt, Thomas
16JuglansJug#Litt, Thomas
17FraxinusFrx#Litt, Thomas
18OstryaOst#Litt, Thomas
19CarpinusCar#Litt, Thomas
20CorylusCor#Litt, Thomas
21SambucusSam#Litt, Thomas
22AlnusAln#Litt, Thomas
23PrunusPrn#Litt, Thomas
24PhoenixPhoenix#Litt, Thomas
25TamarixTam#Litt, Thomas
26ZizyphusZiz#Litt, Thomas
27AcaciaAca#Litt, Thomas
28SalixSal#Litt, Thomas
29PopulusPop#Litt, Thomas
30CrataegusCtg#Litt, Thomas
31VitisVts#Litt, Thomas
32Cerealia-typeCrl-T#Litt, Thomas
33PoaceaePoac#Litt, Thomas
34ArtemisiaArt#Litt, Thomas
35EphedraEph#Litt, Thomas
36ChenopodiaceaeCheae#Litt, Thomas
37TubulifloraeTubae#Litt, Thomas
38LigulifloraeLigae#Litt, Thomas
39AsphodelusAph#Litt, Thomas
40AnemoneAne#Litt, Thomas
41SarcopoteriumSarco#Litt, Thomas
42GeraniumGer#Litt, Thomas
43Cistus-typeCis-T#Litt, Thomas
44HelianthemumHel#Litt, Thomas
45Cirsium-typeCir-T#Litt, Thomas
46CentaureaCen#Litt, Thomas
47KnautiaKna#Litt, Thomas
48Herniaria-typeHrn-T#Litt, Thomas
49MercurialisMer#Litt, Thomas
50ZygophyllumZyg#Litt, Thomas
51PlantagoPla#Litt, Thomas
52Plantago coronopusPla.c#Litt, Thomas
53Plantago lanceolata-typePla.l-T#Litt, Thomas
54PolygonumPol#Litt, Thomas
55RumexRum#Litt, Thomas
56UrticaUrt#Litt, Thomas
57HypericumHyp#Litt, Thomas
58EchiumEch#Litt, Thomas
59EuphorbiaEup#Litt, Thomas
60Potentilla-typePti-T#Litt, Thomas
61ScabiosaSca#Litt, Thomas
62ThymelaeaThm#Litt, Thomas
63XanthiumXan#Litt, Thomas
64BrassicaceaeBraae#Litt, Thomas
65ApiaceaeApiae#Litt, Thomas
66CaryophyllaceaeCphae#Litt, Thomas
67FabaceaeFabae#Litt, Thomas
68LamiaceaeLamae#Litt, Thomas
69RosaceaeRosae#Litt, Thomas
70RanunculaceaeRanae#Litt, Thomas
71ScrophulariaceaeScoae#Litt, Thomas
72RubiaceaeRubae#Litt, Thomas
73LiliaceaeLilae#Litt, Thomas
74PapaveraceaePapae#Litt, Thomas
75Typha angustifolia-typeTyp.a-T#Litt, Thomas
76Typha latifoliaTyp.l#Litt, Thomas
77CyperaceaeCypae#Litt, Thomas
78SymphytumSym#Litt, Thomas
79Mentha-typeMen-T#Litt, Thomas
80PolypodiaceaePocae#Litt, Thomas
81VariaVaria#Litt, Thomas
82LycopodiumLyc#Litt, Thomas
Size:
4640 data points

Download Data

Download dataset as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )

View dataset as HTML (shows only first 2000 rows)