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Arrhenius, Gustaf (1963): (Table II, page 668-669) Distribution of elements between minerals soluble in 1M Hydroxylamine hydrochloride (Reducible); in 1m HCL (Acid-soluble) and in the insoluble residue of manganese nodules. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.854988, Supplement to: Arrhenius, G (1963): Pelagic sediments. In: Hill, M.N. (Ed.) The Earth Beneath the Sea, History, The Sea - Ideas and Observations on Progress in the Study of the Seas, Wiley J, New York, U.S.A., 3, 655-727, hdl:10013/epic.46253.d001

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Abstract:
Attempts to classify pelagic sediments have been based either on appearance and composition, or on the ultimate origin of the components. In particular it appears feasible to distinguish minerals which crystallized in sea-water from those which formed in magmas, in hydrothermal solution, or by weathering under acidic conditions. It is the case of iron and manganese oxide mineral aggregates which constitute one of the major types of rock encountered on the ocean floor; according to Menard (unpublished) about 10% of the pelagic area of the Pacific is covered by such nodules. The nodules consist of intimately intergrown crystallites of different minerals among those identified, besides detrital minerals and organic matter, are opal, goethite, rutile, anatase, barite, nontronite, and at least three manganese oxide minerals of major importance. Arrhenius and Korkisch (1959) have attempted to separate from each other the different minerals constituting the nodules, in order to establish the details of their structure and the localization of the heavy metal ions. The results demonstrate (Table II) that copper and nickel are concentrated in the manganese oxide phases concentrated in the reducible fraction. Cobalt, part of the nickel and most of the chromium are distributed between these and the acid-soluble group of the non-manganese minerals, dominated by goethite and disordered FeOOH.
Source data set:
Grant, John Bruce; Moore, Carla J; Alameddin, George; Chen, Kuiying; Barton, Mark (1992): The NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Geochemical Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, https://doi.org/10.7289/V52Z13FT
Further details:
Warnken, Robin R; Virden, William T; Moore, Carla J (1992): The NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Bibliography. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, https://doi.org/10.7289/V53X84KN
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 2.828762 * Median Longitude: -121.521386 * South-bound Latitude: -25.517000 * West-bound Longitude: -155.916700 * North-bound Latitude: 40.235000 * East-bound Longitude: -85.233000
Date/Time Start: 1904-12-31T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1958-01-26T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.000 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.000 m
Event(s):
ALBTR-13 (ALB-13) * Latitude: 9.950000 * Longitude: -137.783333 * Elevation: -4919.0 m * Location: Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Albatross1899-1900 * Basis: Albatross (1882-1921) * Method/Device: Dredge (DRG)
ALBTR-2 (ALB-2) * Latitude: 28.383333 * Longitude: -126.950000 * Elevation: -4331.0 m * Location: Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Albatross1899-1900 * Basis: Albatross (1882-1921) * Method/Device: Dredge (DRG)
ALBTR-4711 * Latitude: -7.791667 * Longitude: -94.091667 * Date/Time: 1904-12-31T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4097.0 m * Location: Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Albatross1904-1905 * Basis: Albatross (1882-1921) * Method/Device: Dredge (DRG)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventArrhenius, Gustaf
2IdentificationIDArrhenius, Gustaf
3DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmArrhenius, GustafGeocode
4Reducible totalRed tot%Arrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysis
5CopperCumg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
6NickelNimg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
7CobaltComg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
8ChromiumCrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
9IronFemg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
10ManganeseMnmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
11MolybdenumMomg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
12LeadPbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
13TitaniumTimg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
14ScandiumScmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
15LanthanumLamg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
16YttriumYmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
17YtterbiumYbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
18ZirconiumZrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
19ThoriumThmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
20BariumBamg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
21StrontiumSrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin manganese oxide minerals
22Acid soluble, totalAcid sol tot%Arrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysis
23CopperCumg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
24NickelNimg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
25CobaltComg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
26ChromiumCrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
27IronFemg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
28ManganeseMnmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
29MolybdenumMomg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
30LeadPbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
31TitaniumTimg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
32ScandiumScmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
33LanthanumLamg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
34YttriumYmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
35YtterbiumYbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
36ZirconiumZrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
37ThoriumThmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
38BariumBamg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
39StrontiumSrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
40NiobiumNbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin goethite and nontronite
41ResidualResidual%Arrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysis
42CopperCumg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
43NickelNimg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
44CobaltComg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
45ChromiumCrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
46IronFemg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
47ManganeseMnmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
48MolybdenumMomg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
49LeadPbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
50TitaniumTimg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
51ScandiumScmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
52LanthanumLamg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
53YttriumYmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
54YtterbiumYbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
55ZirconiumZrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
56ThoriumThmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
57BariumBamg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
58StrontiumSrmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
59NiobiumNbmg/kgArrhenius, GustafOptical spectrographic analysisin acid insoluble residue
Size:
386 data points

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