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Oelmann, Yvonne; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Wilcke, Wolfgang (2015): Dissolved nitrogen in soil solution of the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2003). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.854343, In: Oelmann, Yvonne; Wilcke, Wolfgang; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Lange, Markus; Steinbeiss, Sibylle; Habekost, Maike; Gleixner, Gerd; Luo, Guangjuan; Guderle, Marcus; Meyer, Sebastian Tobias (2015): Collection of data on particulate and dissolved soil nitrogen in the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, time series since 2002). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.854372

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Abstract:
This data set contains measurements of dissolved nitrogen (total dissolved nitrogen: TDN, dissolved organic nitrogen: DON, dissolved ammonium: NH4+, and dissolved nitrate: NO3-) in samples of soil water collected from the main experiment plots of a large grassland biodiversity experiment (the Jena Experiment; see further details below). In the main experiment, 82 grassland plots of 20 x 20 m were established from a pool of 60 species belonging to four functional groups (grasses, legumes, tall and small herbs). In May 2002, varying numbers of plant species from this species pool were sown into the plots to create a gradient of plant species richness (1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 60 species) and functional richness (1, 2, 3, 4 functional groups). Plots were maintained by bi-annual weeding and mowing.
In April 2002 glass suction plates with a diameter of 12 cm, 1 cm thickness and a pore size of 1-1.6 µm (UMS GmbH, Munich, Germany) were installed in depths of 10, 20, 30 and 60 cm to collect soil solution. The sampling bottles were continuously evacuated to a negative pressure between 50 and 350 mbar, such that the suction pressure was about 50 mbar above the actual soil water tension. Thus, only the soil leachate was collected. Cumulative soil solution was sampled biweekly and analyzed for nitrate (NO3-) and ammonium (NH4+) concentrations with a continuous flow analyzer (CFA, Skalar, Breda, The Netherlands). Nitrate was analyzed photometrically after reduction to NO2- and reaction with sulfanilamide and naphthylethylenediamine-dihydrochloride to an azo-dye. Our NO3- concentrations contained an unknown contribution of NO2- that is expected to be small. Simultaneously to the NO3- analysis, NH4+ was determined photometrically as 5-aminosalicylate after a modified Berthelot reaction. The detection limits of NO3- and NH4+ were 0.02 and 0.03 mg N L-1, respectively. Total dissolved N in soil solution was analyzed by oxidation with K2S2O8 followed by reduction to NO2- as described above for NO3-. Dissolved organic N (DON) concentrations in soil solution were calculated as the difference between TDN and the sum of mineral N (NO3- + NH4+). In 5% of the samples, TDN was equal to or smaller than mineral N. In these cases, DON was assumed to be zero.
Related to:
Oelmann, Yvonne; Kreutziger, Yvonne; Temperton, Vicky; Buchmann, Nina; Roscher, Christiane; Schumacher, Jens; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Weisser, Wolfgang; Wilcke, Wolfgang (2007): Nitrogen and Phosphorus Budgets in Experimental Grasslands of Variable Diversity. Journal of Environmental Quality, 36(2), 396, https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2006.0217
Oelmann, Yvonne; Wilcke, Wolfgang; Temperton, Vicky; Buchmann, Nina; Roscher, Christiane; Schumacher, Jens; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Weisser, Wolfgang (2007): Soil and Plant Nitrogen Pools as Related to Plant Diversity in an Experimental Grassland. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71(3), 720, https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2006.0205
Further details:
Roscher, Christiane; Schumacher, Jens; Baade, Jussi; Wilcken, Sara; Gleixner, Gerd; Weisser, Wolfgang; Schmid, Bernhard; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef (2004): The role of biodiversity for element cycling and trophic interactions: an experimental approach in a grassland community. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5(2), 107-121, https://doi.org/10.1078/1439-1791-00216
Project(s):
Coverage:
Latitude: 50.946100 * Longitude: 11.611300
Date/Time Start: 2003-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2003-12-31T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, soil: 0.1 m * Maximum DEPTH, soil: 0.6 m
Event(s):
JenExp_2003 (Jena Experiment 2003) * Latitude: 50.946100 * Longitude: 11.611300 * Date/Time Start: 2003-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2003-12-31T00:00:00 * Location: Thuringia, Germany * Device: Experiment (EXP)
Comment:
During summer months, soil frequently dries out so that no soil pore water can be collected. Consequently, in these periods, no dissolved nitrogen concentrations can be determined.
Only in block 2 suction plates were installed in all four depth layers. Suction plates in 30 centimeter depth were installed in block 1 and 3 in 2002. In 2005, additional suctions plates were installed in 20 centimeter depth in block 1 and 3. In block 4, no samples are available because no plates were installed also in block 1 and 3 there are no plates and thus no data from 10 and 60 centimeter depths.
There are two types of missing values contained in the dataset. Empty cells represent missing values that result from the design of the experiment when the respective value does not occur and could thus not be measured. For example, in the columns in the case of species-specific biomass cells are left blank, when the species was not sown into the respective plot. Missing values that resulted from methodological problems, sampling errors, or lost samples/data are marked with "-9999".
In addition to measurement of dissolved nitrogen in soil solution, measurements of total nitrogen determined from dried soil samples and measurements of mineral nitrogen from KCl-extractions of soil samples are available.
This datasets is part of a time series of soil nitrogen measurements in the Main Experiment since 2002 (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.854372).
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Experimental plotExperimental plotDetailed explanations of plots and the plant diversity gradient are provided in the section "further details".
2Depth, soil, minimumDepth soil minm
3Depth, soil, maximumDepth soil maxm
4DEPTH, soilDepth soilmGeocode
5Date/time startDate/time startof sampling campaign
6Date/time endDate/time endof sampling campaign
7Treatment: mowingTreat mowDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
8Treatment: weedingTreat weedDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
9Treatment: weeding historyTreat weed histDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
10Treatment: seed additionTreat seed addDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
11Treatment: fertilizingTreat fertDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
12Treatment: droughtTreat droughtDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
13Treatment: aboveground: pesticideTreat abovegr pestDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
14Treatment: below pesticideTreat below pestDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
15Treatment: molluscideTreat mollusDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
16Treatment: nematicideTreat nemaDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
17Treatment: eartworm exclosureTreat eartworm exclDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
18Treatment: phytometersTreat phytoDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
19Treatment: specialTreat specialDetailed explanations of treatments are provided in the section "further details".
20Nitrogen, organic, dissolvedDONmg/lMeasured on plot level
21Ammonium, dissolved[NH4]+ dissmg/lMeasured on plot level
22Nitrate, dissolved[NO3]- dissmg/lMeasured on plot level
23Nitrogen, total dissolvedTDNmg/lMeasured on plot level
Size:
39620 data points

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