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Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2015): Environmental context of all samples from the Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013), about depth specific features. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.853810, In: Tara Oceans Consortium, C; Tara Oceans Expedition, P (2016): Registry of all samples from the Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013). doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.859953

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Abstract:
The Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013) sampled the world oceans on board a 36 m long schooner, collecting environmental data and organisms from viruses to planktonic metazoans for later analyses using modern sequencing and state-of-the-art imaging technologies. Tara Oceans Data are particularly suited to study the genetic, morphological and functional diversity of plankton. The present data set provides environmental context to all samples from the Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013), including calculated averages of mesaurements made concurrently at the sampling location and depth, and calculated averages from climatologies (AMODIS, VGPM) and satellite products.
Related to:
Pesant, Stephane; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; et al. (in prep.): Methodological and environmental context of Tara Oceans samples. Scientific Data
Project(s):
Fondation Tara Expeditions (FondTara)
Tara Oceans Expedition (TOE-2009-2013)
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 13.919229 * Median Longitude: -38.350498 * South-bound Latitude: -64.382200 * West-bound Longitude: -168.903100 * North-bound Latitude: 79.677700 * East-bound Longitude: 174.991700
Date/Time Start: 2009-09-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-12-06T09:30:00
Event(s):
TARA_2009-2013_EVENT_unknown * Date/Time Start: 2009-09-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-12-06T00:00:00 * Comment: This event is used to describe a few samples for which the sampling event is unknown
TARA_20090907T1530Z_001_EVENT_NET ([day] [water layer with no specific feature]) * Latitude: 44.401300 * Longitude: -9.827300 * Date/Time: 2009-09-07T15:30:00 * Campaign: TARA_20090905Z (Lorient to Lisbon, Stations: TARA_001-002) * Basis: SV Tara * Device: Plankton net, type=Bongo, mesh(µm)=300, mouth(m^2)=0.258319, length(m)=3 ([NET-BONGO-300])
TARA_20090907T1610Z_001_EVENT_NET ([day] [surface water layer (ENVO:00002042)]) * Latitude: 44.401300 * Longitude: -9.827300 * Date/Time: 2009-09-07T16:10:00 * Campaign: TARA_20090905Z (Lorient to Lisbon, Stations: TARA_001-002) * Basis: SV Tara * Device: Plankton net+sieve, type=Double, mesh(µm)=20, mouth(m^2)=0.192442, length(m)=2.5 ([NET-DOUBLE-20]+[SIEVE-180])
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Sample IDSample IDPesant, StephaneTARA_barcode#
2Basis of eventBasisPesant, Stephane
3Campaign of eventCampaignPesant, Stephane
4Station labelStationPesant, StephaneTARA_station#
5Event labelEventPesant, Stephane
6Optional event labelEvent 2Pesant, Stephane
7Device of eventDevicePesant, Stephane
8Date/Time of eventDate/TimePesant, Stephane
9Latitude of eventLatitudePesant, Stephane
10Longitude of eventLongitudePesant, Stephane
11Date/Time of event 2Date/Time 2Pesant, Stephane
12Latitude of event 2Latitude 2Pesant, Stephane
13Longitude of event 2Longitude 2Pesant, Stephane
14Environmental featureEnv featurePesant, Stephaneabbreviation
15Environmental featureEnv featurePesant, Stephaneterms registered at EnvO, the Environmental Ontologyfull name (ENVO:ID)
16Marine biomeMP biomePesant, StephaneLonghurst (2007)
17Ocean and sea regionOS regionPesant, StephaneIHO General Sea Areas (1953) registered at www.marineregions.org[abbreviation] full name (MRGID:ID)
18Biogeographical provinceBG provincePesant, StephaneLonghurst (2007) registered at marineregions.org[abbreviation] full name (MRGID:ID)
19Depth, referenceDepth refmGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
20ConductivityCondmS/cmGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
21SalinitySalGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
22Temperature, water, potentialTpot°CGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
23Density, sigma-theta (0)Sigma-thetakg/m3Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
24OxygenOXYGENµmol/kgGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
25OxygenOXYGENµmol/kgGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using WOA09 climatologyin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
26NitrateNO3µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using water samplesin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
27Nitrite[NO2]-µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
28PhosphatePO4µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
29Nitrate and NitriteNO3+NO2µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
30SilicateSi(OH)4µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
31Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
32Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using water samplesin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
33Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), includes backscattering by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
34Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
35Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), in situ dark
36Optical backscattering coefficient, 470 nmbb4701/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), includes backscattering by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
37Backscattering coefficient of particles, 470 nmbbp4701/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
38Fluorescence, colored dissolved organic matterfCDOMppb (QSE)Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), expressed in ppb QSE (i.e. fluorescence emitted by 1 ppb of quinine sulfate diluted in 0.05 M sulfuric acid)
39Optical beam attenuation coefficient, 660 nmbac6601/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), includes attenuation by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
40Beam attenuation coefficient of particlesbacp6601/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), corrected for temperature drift of the sensor, using c(660) values at depth (assumed to be close to the attenuation coefficient of pure seawater)
41Fluorescence, colored dissolved organic matterfCDOMppb (QSE)Chaffron, Samuelcalculated from AMODIS productsat the sampling location, expressed in ppb QSE (i.e. fluorescence emitted by 1 ppb of quinine sulfate diluted in 0.05 M sulfuric acid)
42Radiation, photosynthetically active per dayPAR daymol quanta/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from AMODIS productsfor a period of 8 days around sampling date and at the sampling location
43Radiation, photosynthetically active per dayPAR daymol quanta/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from AMODIS productsfor a period of 30 days around sampling date and at the sampling location
44Net primary production of carbonNPP Cmg/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from VGPM productsfor a period of 8 days around sampling date and at the sampling location
45Net primary production of carbonNPP Cmg/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from VGPM productsfor a period of 30 days around sampling date and at the sampling location
46Mixed layer depthMLDmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), based on sigma theta
47Mixed layer depthMLDmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), based on temperature
48Depth of chlorophyll maximumD chl mmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), based on fluorescence
49Depth of maximum Brunt Väisälä frequencyDepth max Brunt Väisälä freqmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
50Depth of maximum oxygen concentrationDepth max O2mSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
51Depth of minimum oxygen concentrationDepth min O2mSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
52Depth of nitraclineDepth nitraclinemSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the selected environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
53SeasonSeasonSpeich, Sabrinaspring, summer, autumn, or winter
54SeasonSeasonSpeich, Sabrinaearly, middle, or late
55Moon phase, proportionMoon phase proportionAudic, Stephaneindicates if the phase of the moon is ascending (1) or descending (-1)
56Moon phase, proportionMoon phase proportionAudic, Stephaneindicates the proportion of illuminated/total moon flat area visible from Earth
57Sunshine durationSSDminAudic, Stephaneday length
58Geostrophic velocity, longitudinalucm/sd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)
59Geostrophic velocity, latitudinalvcm/sd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)
60Okubo-Weiss parameterOWd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)indicates the presence of an eddy. Values<1 indicate "inside an eddy"; Values>1 indicate "outside an eddy"
61Maximum Lyapunov exponentMLE1/dayd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)indicates the presence of a transport front. Values>0.1 are characteristic of fronts
62Sea surface temperature gradient, horizontalSST grad h°C/100 kmd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)
63Residence timeRTdaysd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)of the water mass. Values>30 indicate "old water mass"; Values<30 indicate "young water mass"
Size:
1086502 data points

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