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Chaffron, Samuel; Guidi, Lionel; d'Ovidio, Francesco; Speich, Sabrina; Audic, Stephane; De Monte, Silvia; Iudicone, Daniele; Picheral, Marc; Pesant, Stephane; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2014): Environmental context of selected samples from the Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.840718

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Abstract:
The present data set provides contextual environmental data for samples from the Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013) that were selected for publication in a special issue of the SCIENCE journal (see related references below). The data set provides calculated averages of mesaurements made at the sampling location and depth, calculated averages from climatologies (AMODIS, VGPM) and satellite products.
Replaced by:
Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2015): Environmental context of all samples from the Tara Oceans Expedition (2009-2013), about depth specific features. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.853810
Related to:
Villar, Emilie; Farrant, Gregory K; Follows, Michael J; Garczarek, Laurence; Speich, Sabrina; Audic, Stephane; Bittner, Lucie; Blanke, Bruno; Brum, Jennifer; Brunet, Christian; Casotti, Raffaella; Chase, Alison P; Dolan, John; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Grima, Nicolas; Guidi, L; Hill, Christopher N; Jahn, Oliver; Jamet, Jean-Louis; Le Goff, Hervé; Lepoivre, Cyrille; Malviya, Shruti; Pelletier, Eric; Romagnan, Jean-Baptiste; Roux, Simon; Santini, Sébastien; Scalco, Eleonora; Schwenk, Sarah M; Tanaka, A; Testor, Pierre; Vannier, Thomas; Vincent, Flora; Zingone, Adriana; Dimier, Céline; Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Acinas, Silvia G; Bork, Peer; Boss, Emmanuel; De Vargas, Colomban; Gorsky, Gabriel; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stephane; Sullivan, Matthew B; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Wincker, Patrick; Karsenti, Eric; Bowler, Chris; Not, Fabrice; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele (2015): Environmental characteristics of Agulhas rings affect interocean plankton transport. Science, 348(6237), 1261447-1261447, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1261447
Source data set:
Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Taillandier, Vincent; Bricaud, Annick; Boss, Emmanuel; Ras, Josephine; Claustre, Hervé; Ouhssain, Mustapha; Morin, Pascal; Tremblay, Jean-Éric; Coppola, Laurent; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Metzl, Nicolas; Thuillier, Doris; Gorsky, Gabriel; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2014): Vertical profiles of environmental parameters measured on discrete water samples collected with Niskin bottles during the Tara Oceans expedition 2009-2013. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319
Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Taillandier, Vincent; Bricaud, Annick; Boss, Emmanuel; Stemmann, Lars; Gorsky, Gabriel; Tara Oceans Consortium, Coordinators; Tara Oceans Expedition, Participants (2014): Vertical profiles of environmental parameters measured from physical, optical and imaging sensors during Tara Oceans expedition 2009-2013. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321
Project(s):
Fondation Tara Expeditions (FondTara)
Tara Oceans Expedition (TOE-2009-2013)
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 0.690242 * Median Longitude: -26.354348 * South-bound Latitude: -62.265800 * West-bound Longitude: -159.088000 * North-bound Latitude: 43.804700 * East-bound Longitude: 74.060700
Date/Time Start: 2009-09-15T11:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-03-20T13:07:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 5.122328 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 990.778500 m
Event(s):
TARA_20090915T1130Z_004_EVENT_PUMP ([day] [surface water layer (ENVO:00002042)]) * Latitude: 36.553300 * Longitude: -6.566900 * Date/Time: 2009-09-15T11:30:00 * Campaign: TARA_20090913Z (Lisbon to Tangier, Stations: TARA_003-004) * Basis: SV Tara * Device: High Volume Peristaltic Pump ([HVP-PUMP]) * Comment: [Curator: No EVENT Logsheet]
TARA_20090915T1500Z_004_EVENT_NET ([day] [surface water layer (ENVO:00002042)] [proti) * Latitude: 36.553300 * Longitude: -6.566900 * Date/Time: 2009-09-15T15:00:00 * Campaign: TARA_20090913Z (Lisbon to Tangier, Stations: TARA_003-004) * Basis: SV Tara * Device: Plankton net+sieve, type=Bongo, mesh(µm)=180, mouth(m^2)=0.258319, length(m)=3 ([NET-BONGO-180]+[SIEVE-2000]) * Comment: Device: material from the net was poured through a [SIEVE-2000] type=metal, shape=pan, mesh size (µm)=2000, diameter (cm)=30] [Curator: Time and position of the deployment was not recorded/ We used a single position for all events of station 004 and estimated the times from best experienced guesses (SP)]
TARA_20090915T1600Z_004_EVENT_NET ([day] [deep chlorophyll maximum layer (ENVO:010003) * Latitude: 36.553300 * Longitude: -6.566900 * Date/Time: 2009-09-15T16:00:00 * Campaign: TARA_20090913Z (Lisbon to Tangier, Stations: TARA_003-004) * Basis: SV Tara * Device: Plankton net+sieve, type=Bongo, mesh(µm)=180, mouth(m^2)=0.258319, length(m)=3 ([NET-BONGO-180]+[SIEVE-2000]) * Comment: Device: material from the net was poured through a [SIEVE-2000] type=metal, shape=pan, mesh size (µm)=2000, diameter (cm)=30] [Curator: Time and position of the deployment was not recorded/ We used a single position for all events of station 004 and estimated the times from best experienced guesses (SP)]
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Sample IDSample IDPesant, StephaneTARA_barcode#
2Station labelStationPesant, StephaneTARA_station#
3Event labelEvent
4Environmental featureEnv featurePesant, Stephanefull name (ENVO:ID)
5DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
6ConductivityCondmS/cmGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
7SalinitySalGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
8Temperature, water, potentialTpot°CGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
9Density, sigma-theta (0)Sigma-thetakg/m3Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
10OxygenOXYGENµmol/kgGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
11OxygenOXYGENµmol/kgGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using WOA09 climatologyin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
12Nitrate[NO3]-µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using water samplesin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
13Nitrite[NO2]-µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
14Phosphate[PO4]3-µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
15Nitrate and Nitrite[NO3]- + [NO2]-µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
16SilicateSi(OH)4µmol/lGuidi, Lionelcalculated from measurements on available water samplesin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836319)
17Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
18Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using water samplesin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
19Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), includes backscattering by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
20Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
21Angular scattering coefficient, 470 nmbeta470m/srGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), in situ dark
22Optical backscattering coefficient, 470 nmbb4701/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), includes backscattering by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
23Backscattering coefficient of particles, 470 nmbbp4701/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
24Fluorescence, colored dissolved organic matterfCDOMppb (QSE)Guidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), expressed in ppb QSE (i.e. fluorescence emitted by 1 ppb of quinine sulfate diluted in 0.05 M sulfuric acid)
25Optical beam attenuation coefficient, 660 nmbac6601/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), includes attenuation by particulate and dissolved matter and water molecules
26Beam attenuation coefficient of particlesbacp6601/mGuidi, Lionelcalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsin the environmental feature (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), corrected for temperature drift of the sensor, using c(660) values at depth (assumed to be close to the attenuation coefficient of pure seawater)
27Fluorescence, colored dissolved organic matterfCDOMppb (QSE)Chaffron, Samuelcalculated from AMODIS productsexpressed in ppb QSE (i.e. fluorescence emitted by 1 ppb of quinine sulfate diluted in 0.05 M sulfuric acid)
28Radiation, photosynthetically active per dayPAR daymol quanta/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from AMODIS productsat the sampling location for a period of 8 days around sampling date
29Radiation, photosynthetically active per dayPAR daymol quanta/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from AMODIS productsat the sampling location for a period of 30 days around sampling date
30Net primary production of carbonNPP Cmg/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from VGPM productsat the sampling location for a period of 8 days around sampling date
31Net primary production of carbonNPP Cmg/m2/dayChaffron, Samuelcalculated from VGPM productsat the sampling location for a period of 30 days around sampling date
32Mixed layer depthMLDmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), based on sigma theta
33Mixed layer depthMLDmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), based on temperature
34Depth of chlorophyll maximumD chl mmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321), based on fluorescence
35Depth of maximum Brunt Väisälä frequencyDepth max Brunt Väisälä freqmSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
36Depth of maximum oxygen concentrationDepth max O2mSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
37Depth of minimum oxygen concentrationDepth min O2mSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
38Depth of nitraclineDepth nitraclinemSpeich, Sabrinacalculated from in situ sensor data, calibrated using factory settingsat the sampling location (source data: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.836321)
39SeasonSeasonAudic, Stephanespring, summer, autumn, or winter
40SeasonSeasonAudic, Stephaneearly, middle, or late
41Sunshine durationSSDminAudic, Stephaneday length
42Moon phase, proportionMoon phase proportionAudic, Stephaneindicates the proportion of illuminated/total area of the moon, visible from Earth
43Moon phase, nominalMoon phase nominalAudic, Stephaneindicates if the phase of the moon is "ascending" or "descending"
44Geostrophic velocity, longitudinalucm/sd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)
45Geostrophic velocity, latitudinalvcm/sd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)
46Okubo-Weiss parameterOWd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)indicates the presence of an eddy. Values<1 indicate "inside an eddy"; Values>1 indicate "outside an eddy"
47Maximum Lyapunov exponentMLE1/dayd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)indicates the presence of a transport front. Values>0.1 are characteristic of fronts
48Sea surface temperature gradient, horizontalSST grad h°C/100 kmd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)
49Residence timeRTdaysd'Ovidio, FrancescoCalculated (d'Ovidio et al. 2010)of the water mass. Values>30 indicate "old water mass"; Values<30 indicate "young water mass"
Size:
24718 data points

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