Escher-Vetter, Heidi; Oerter, Hans; Reinwarth, Oskar; Braun, Ludwig N; Weber, Markus (2012): Hydrological and meteorological records from the Vernagtferner Basin - Vernagtbach station, for the years 1970 to 2001. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.775113
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The Vernagtferner region has a long tradition of glaciological research performed by groups from Munich. It started in 1889, when Prof. Sebastian Finsterwalder from the Technical University in Munich produced the first map of a complete glacier based on terrestrial photogrammetry. Since then, numerous maps of the glacier have been made, describing the change in surface elevation for more than a century. These maps form the basis of the geodetic method of glacier mass balance determination, which provides volume changes as average data for the period between two surveys, i.e. typically for 10 years. Since the start of the glaciological method on Vernagtferner in 1964, annual as well as winter and summer mass balance data are available continuously. But only since 1973, the construction of the Vernagtbach station, approximately 1 km below the glacier margin at that time, provided the means to record a larger number of hydrological and meteorological parameters with a temporal resolution of typically 1 hour.
Baker, Daniel; Escher-Vetter, Heidi; Moser, Heribert; Oerter, Hans; Reinwarth, Oskar (1982): A glacier discharge model based on results from field studies of energy balance, water storage and flow. in: Glen, JW (ed) Hydrological aspects of alpine and high mountain areas. Proceedings of a symposium held during the First Scientific General Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) at Exeter, UK, IAHS Publication No. 138, 103-112
Escher-Vetter, Heidi (1985): Energy balance calculations from five years' meteorological records at Vernagtferner, Oetztal Alps. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 21(1-2), 397-402, hdl:10013/epic.38519.d001
Escher-Vetter, Heidi; Reinwarth, Oskar (1994): Two Decades of runoff measurements (1974 to 1993) at the Pegelstation Vernagtbach/Oetztal Alps. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 30(1-2), 53-98, hdl:10013/epic.38520.d001
Ketzer, Daniel (2010): Statistisch-hydrologische Analyse der Abflusszeitreihe des Vernagtferners, Ötztaler Alpen, für den Zeitraum 1974 bis 2009 (Statistical-Hydrological Analysis of the Discharge Time Series of the Vernagtferner, Oetztal Alps, for the Period from 1974 to 2009). Bachelor Thesis, Department für Geographie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 67 pp, hdl:10013/epic.39544.d001
Median Latitude: 46.860792 * Median Longitude: 10.826996 * South-bound Latitude: 46.856615 * West-bound Longitude: 10.823000 * North-bound Latitude: 46.871000 * East-bound Longitude: 10.828750
Date/Time Start: 1970-09-10T12:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-12-31T23:30:00
Pegelstation_Vernagtbach * Latitude: 46.856740 * Longitude: 10.828750 * Elevation: 2635.0 m * Location: Vernagtferner, Ötztaler Alpen, Austria * Device: Unmanned gauge station (UGS)
Pegelstation_Vernagtbach_meteorology * Latitude: 46.856615 * Longitude: 10.828474 * Elevation: 2640.0 m * Location: Vernagtferner, Ötztaler Alpen, Austria * Device: Unmanned weather station/meteorological observation (UWST)