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García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2010): Meteorological observations during PALLAS cruise from Cuba to Trinidad started at 1830-05-27. Nationaal Archief of the Netherlands, Den Haag, Netherland, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.751071, In: Jones, Philip D; Wheeler, Dennis A; Können, Gunther P; Koek, Frits B; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; García-Herrera, Ricardo (2007): Climatological observations from ship logbooks between 1750 and 1854 (release 2.1). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.611088

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Related to:
García-Herrera, Ricardo; Können, Gunther P; Wheeler, Dennis A; Prieto, Maria del Rosario; Jones, Philip D; Koek, Frits B (2005): CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750-1854 (and 10 more publications about CLIWOC results in the same volume). Climatic Change, 73(1-2), 1-12ff, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-6952-6
Coverage:
Latitude: 21.820000 * Longitude: -80.430000
Date/Time Start: 1830-05-27T17:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1830-05-29T00:00:00
Event(s):
Pallas_18300527_MAR_D23905_3555 * Latitude Start: 23.300000 * Longitude Start: -82.250000 * Latitude End: 21.430000 * Longitude End: -79.940000 * Date/Time Start: 1830-05-27T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1830-05-29T00:00:00 * Campaign: Cliwoc_cruise * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT) * Comment: Ship: Pallas (Korvet), Voyage: Cuba - Trinidad (Cuba), 1st Observer: H. Van de Velde (Kltz), Company: MAR, Other ship information: BEMAND MET 127 KOPPEN
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DATE/TIMEDate/TimeGeocode
2LATITUDELatitudeGeocode
3LONGITUDELongitudeGeocode
4Wind directiondddegWind direction (from which the wind is blowing) in whole degrees from: 1-360; 361 = calm, 362 = variable. It is not clear from many logbook entries whether the wind direction has been corrected for the magnetic variation (or declination). To avoid any misunderstanding, all winds from reports that included a valid position in the period 1750-1854 were corrected. All other wind directions are given without being corrected.
5Wind speedffm/scalculated from the descriptive terms of wind force given in the observations
6Pressure, atmosphericPPPPhPaNo temperature correction was applied. The following factors have been used for the conversion to hPa: 2.54 cm in an inch; 13.596 specific gravity of mercury; 980.65 cm/s gravity at 45° latitude
7Temperature, airTTT°C
8Image numberImageIdentification Number of the original image
9LandmarkLandmarkName of first landmark
10BearingBearingBearing of the first landmark
11LandmarkLandmarkName of second landmark
12BearingBearingBearing of the second landmark
13Distance to landmarkDistancearbitrary unitsDistance to the second landmark
14--1 If position is considered to be coastal (in port or near coastal disturbances)
15WatchWatchName of the period of 4 hours which is known as a watch or duty on board ships
16GlassesGlassesNumber of glasses within a watch; one watch equals 8 glasses
17CommentCommentOther remarks, that were not possible to put in the other remark fields
18DeclinationDecldegIt is generally accepted by the CLIWOC team that the wind directions, reported by the ships officers, were relative to the magnetic North direction. Navigators were well aware of the difference between the true and magnetic north direction, but the compasses (we assumed that the bearing-compasses were mostly used for determining the wind direction) were not always adjusted. Therefore the wind direction has to be corrected. The magnetic declination (or variation, as it is known on board ships) is given for the whole CLIWOC period (1750-1850) for every 5x5 degree square. The number was added to the wind direction to get the true wind direction.
19Sensor readingReadingarbitrary unitsReading of the (outside) air thermometer
20Sensor readingReadingarbitrary unitsReading of the air pressure
21Wind direction descriptionWind dir descrAll reported wind directions on this day. The wind direction is the direction that points to where the wind comes from.
22Wind force descriptionWind force descrAll reported wind forces on this day
23Present weatherwwWeather description
24Cloud typeCloud type
25GustsGusts1 If wind gusts are reported
26Precipitation/RainRain1 If rain was reported
27FogFog1 If fog was reported
28Snow typeSnow1 If snow was reported
29ThunderThunder1 If thunder and or lightning was reported
30HailHail1 If hail was reported
31Sea iceSea ice1 If sea-ice or icebergs were reported
32IdentificationIDCLIWOC 2.1 line number
Size:
58 data points

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