Robertson, Alastair H F (1990): Geochemistry of basal dolomitic and Fe-Mn sediments from the Tyrrhenian Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.745800, Supplement to: Robertson, AHF (1990): Pliocene basal dolomitic and Fe-Mn sediments from the Tyrrhenian Sea, western Mediterranean, ODP Leg 107. In: Kastens, KA; Mascle, J; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 107, 129-139, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.107.126.1990
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In the Tyrrhenian Sea (Western Mediterranean), unusual reddish, soft to lithified, dolomitic sediments up to 45 m thick overlie igneous crust at the base of thick Pliocene-Quaternary deep-sea sediment successions in the Marsili (Site 650) and Vavilov (Site 651) basins. These sediments also overlie the Gortani Ridge, a basaltic Seamount near the base of the Sardinian continental margin (Site 655). At both basinal sites (650, 651), the lowest sediments are dolomitic, with manganese oxide (MnO) segregations. Whole-rock X-ray diffraction indicates abundant dolomite and quartz, with subordinate calcite, illite (authigenic), feldspar and minor kaolinite, chlorite, and anhydrite. Chemical analyses show strong enrichment in magnesium oxide (MgO) and MnO relative to shale or deep-sea clay. Mg and Mn correlate positively and exhibit decreasing concentrations up the succession in the Marsili Basin (Site 650).
The following scenario is proposed: peridotites were exposed on the seafloor in the Vavilov Basin (Site 651) and then eroded, depositing talc in local fine-grained dolomitic sediments within the igneous basement. After local magmatism ended, the igneous basement at each site subsided rapidly (about 800 m/m.y.) and was blanketed with calcareous and clay-rich oozes. During early diagenesis (from isotopic evidence; McKenzie et al., this volume) tepid fluids, of modified seawater composition, reacted with and dolomitized the overlying deep-sea sediments. At Site 651 additional Mg may have been extracted from asthenosphere peridotite cored at shallow depths (about 100 m). One can hypothesize that fluids rich in Mg and Mn were flushed from the igneous basement, triggered by extensional faulting and local tilting during subsidence of the basement, and that these fluids then dolomitized the base of the overlying sediment succession. Late tectonic movements in the Vavilov Basin (Site 651) fractured already lithified dolomitic sediments and more reducing (? hydrothermal) fluids locally remobilized Fe and Mn and corroded dolomite crystals.
Median Latitude: 40.013507 * Median Longitude: 12.649611 * South-bound Latitude: 39.356700 * West-bound Longitude: 10.696700 * North-bound Latitude: 40.579300 * East-bound Longitude: 13.900800
Date/Time Start: 1986-01-02T22:38:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-15T14:00:00
107-650A * Latitude: 39.356700 * Longitude: 13.900800 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-02T22:38:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-09T14:30:00 * Elevation: -3516.3 m * Penetration: 633.8 m * Recovery: 311.13 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 69 cores; 633.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 49.1 % recovery
107-651A * Latitude: 40.150500 * Longitude: 12.756500 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-11T05:22:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-17T23:00:00 * Elevation: -3578.0 m * Penetration: 550.9 m * Recovery: 185.66 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 58 cores; 550.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 33.7 % recovery
107-652A * Latitude: 40.355000 * Longitude: 12.143200 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-18T08:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-28T21:30:00 * Elevation: -3446.0 m * Penetration: 721.1 m * Recovery: 445.3 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 75 cores; 721.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 61.8 % recovery