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Gutowska, Magdalena A; Pörtner, Hans-Otto; Melzner, Frank (2008): Seawater carbonate chemistry and biological processes during experiments with common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, 2010. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.737457, In supplement to: Gutowska, MA et al. (2008): Growth and calcification in the cephalopod Sepia officinalis under elevated seawater pCO2. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 373, 303-309, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps07782

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Abstract:
Ocean acidification and associated changes in seawater carbonate chemistry negatively influence calcification processes and depress metabolism in many calcifying marine invertebrates. We present data on the cephalopod mollusc Sepia officinalis, an invertebrate that is capable of not only maintaining calcification, but also growth rates and metabolism when exposed to elevated partial pressures of carbon dioxide (pCO2). During a 6 wk period, juvenile S. officinalis maintained calcification under ~4000 and ~6000 ppm CO2, and grew at the same rate with the same gross growth efficiency as did control animals. They gained approximately 4% body mass daily and increased the mass of their calcified cuttlebone by over 500%. We conclude that active cephalopods possess a certain level of pre-adaptation to long-term increments in carbon dioxide levels. Our general understanding of the mechanistic processes that limit calcification must improve before we can begin to predict what effects future ocean acidification will have on calcifying marine invertebrates.
Keyword(s):
Animalia; Calcification/Dissolution; Coast and continental shelf; Containers and aquaria (20-1000 L or < 1 m**2); Growth/Morphology; Laboratory experiment; Mollusca; Nekton; Not applicable; Pelagos; Sepia officinalis; Single species; Temperate
Comment:
In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI).
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1IdentificationIDGutowska, Magdalena AGroup
2Experimental treatmentExp treatGutowska, Magdalena A
3Experiment dayExp daydayGutowska, Magdalena A
4SalinitySalGutowska, Magdalena A
5Temperature, waterTemp°CGutowska, Magdalena A
6Temperature, standard deviationT std dev±Gutowska, Magdalena A
7pHpHGutowska, Magdalena AWTW Oxi 340i probeNBS scale
8pH, standard deviationpH std dev±Gutowska, Magdalena A
9Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgGutowska, Magdalena AGas chromatography
10Carbon, inorganic, dissolved, standard deviationDIC std dev±Gutowska, Magdalena A
11Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmGutowska, Magdalena ACalculated using CO2SYS
12Carbon dioxide, partial pressure, standard deviationpCO2 std dev±Gutowska, Magdalena A
13Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgGutowska, Magdalena ACalculated using CO2SYS
14Carbonate system computation flagCSC flagNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
15pHpHNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)Total scale
16Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
17Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
18Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
19Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
20Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
21Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
22Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
23Calcite saturation stateOmega CalNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
24IdentificationIDGutowska, Magdalena AAnimal
25Sepia officinalis, mass, wetS. officinalis wmgGutowska, Magdalena AMeasuredInitial
26Sepia officinalis, length, mantleS. officinalis lmmGutowska, Magdalena AMeasuredInitial
27Sepia officinalis, mass, wetS. officinalis wmgGutowska, Magdalena AMeasuredFinal
28Sepia officinalis, length, mantleS. officinalis lmmGutowska, Magdalena AMeasuredFinal
29Time, incubationT incubationdayGutowska, Magdalena AMeasured
30Sepia officinalis, cuttlebone, CaCO3, massS. officinalis cb CaCO3gGutowska, Magdalena AMeasured
Size:
4227 data points

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