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Dupont, Lydie M; Behling, Hermann (2009): Distribution of pollen and spores in sediments of ODP Hole 175-1078C. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Dupont, LM; Behling, H (2006): Land-sea linkages during deglaciation: high resolution records from the eastern Atlantic off the coast of Namibia and Angola (ODP Site 1078). Quaternary International, 148(1), 19-28,

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The distribution of pollen in marine sediments is used to record vegetation change on the continent. Generally, a good latitudinal correspondence exists between the distribution patterns of pollen in the marine surface sediments and the occurrence of the source plants on the adjacent continent. To investigate land–sea interactions during deglaciation, we compare proxies for continental (pollen assemblages) and marine conditions (alkenone-derived sea surface temperatures) of two high-resolution, radiocarbon-dated sedimentary records from the tropical southeast Atlantic. The southern site is located West of the Cunene River mouth; the northern site is located West of the Angolan Huambe Mountains. It is inferred that the vegetation in Angola developed from Afroalpine and open savannah during the last Glacial maximum (LGM) via Afromontane Podocarpus forest during Heinrich Event 1 (H1), to an early increase of lowland forest after 14.5 ka. The vegetation record indicates dry and cold conditions during the LGM, cool and wet conditions during H1 and a gradual rise in temperature starting well before the Younger Dryas (YD) period. Terrestrial and oceanic climate developments seem largely running parallel, in contrast to the situation ca. 5° further South, where marine and terrestrial developments diverge during the YD. The cool and wet conditions in tropical West Africa, South of the equator, during H1 suggest that low-latitude insolation variation is more important than the slowdown of the thermohaline circulation for the climate in tropical Africa.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Bonn (DFG), grant/award no. 5111988: Quartäres Paläoklima im zentralen Pazifik (Ontong Java Plateau)
German Science Foundation (DFG), grant/award no. 345915838: Modelling flow over bedform fields in tidal environments
German Science Foundation (DFG), grant/award no. 390741603: EXC 2077: The Ocean Floor – Earth's Uncharted Interface
Latitude: -11.920770 * Longitude: 13.400250
Date/Time Start: 1997-09-03T18:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-04T06:05:00
175-1078C * Latitude: -11.920770 * Longitude: 13.400250 * Date/Time Start: 1997-09-03T18:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-04T06:05:00 * Elevation: -426.0 m * Penetration: 165.2 m * Recovery: 149.58 m * Location: Benguela Current, South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg175 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 18 cores; 165.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 90.5 % recovery
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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Dupont, LM (2006): Pollen- and spore-data of ODP Hole 175-1078C, part 1.
  2. Dupont, LM (2006): Pollen- and spore-data of ODP Hole 175-1078C, part 2.