Taylor, Rex T; Lapierre, Henriette; Vidal, Philipp; Nesbitt, Robert W; Croudace, Ian W (1992): Igneous geochemistry of OP Leg 126 samples. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713805, Supplement to: Taylor, RT et al. (1992): Igneous geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Izu-Bonin forearc basin. In: Taylor, B; Fujioka, K.; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 126, 405-430, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.126.146.1992
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Major element, trace element, and radiogenic isotope compositions of samples collected from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 126 in the Izu-Bonin forearc basin are presented. Lavas from the center of the basin (Site 793) are high-MgO, low-Ti, two-pyroxene basaltic andesites, and represent the products of synrift volcanism in the forearc region. These synrift lavas share many of the geochemical and petrographic characteristics of boninites. In terms of their element abundances, ratios, and isotope systematics they are intermediate between low-Ti arc tholeiites from the active arc and boninites of the outer-arc high. These features suggest a systematic geochemical gradation between volcanics related to trench distance and a variably depleted source. A basement high drilled on the western flank of the basin (Site 792) comprises a series of plagioclase-rich two-pyroxene andesites with calc-alkaline affinities. These lavas are similar to calc-alkaline volcanics from Japan, but have lower contents of Ti, Zr, and low-field-strength elements (LFSE).
Lavas from Site 793 show inter-element variations between Zr, Ti, Sr, Ni, and Cr that are consistent with those predicted during crystallization and melting processes. In comparison, concentrations of P, Y, LFSE, and the rare-earth elements (REE) are anomalous. These elements have been redistributed within the lava pile, concentrating particularly in sections of massive and pillowed flows. Relative movement of these two-element groupings can be related to the alteration of interstitial basaltic andesite glass to a clay mineral assemblage by a post-eruptive process. Fluid-rock interaction has produced similar effects in the basement lavas of Site 792. In this sequence, andesites and dacites have undergone a volume change related to silica mobility. As a result of this process, some lithologies have the major element characteristics of basaltic andesite and rhyolite, but can be related to andesitic or dacitic precursors by silica removal or addition.
Median Latitude: 31.475479 * Median Longitude: 140.742729 * South-bound Latitude: 31.105910 * West-bound Longitude: 140.379300 * North-bound Latitude: 32.399400 * East-bound Longitude: 140.888100
Date/Time Start: 1989-05-19T04:55:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-06-17T18:55:00
126-792E * Latitude: 32.399400 * Longitude: 140.379300 * Date/Time Start: 1989-05-19T04:55:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-05-26T06:40:00 * Elevation: -1798.0 m * Penetration: 885.9 m * Recovery: 362.07 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 78 cores; 750.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 48.3 % recovery
126-793B * Latitude: 31.105910 * Longitude: 140.888100 * Date/Time Start: 1989-05-27T18:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-06-17T18:55:00 * Elevation: -2975.0 m * Penetration: 1682 m * Recovery: 697.94 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 114 cores; 1095.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 63.7 % recovery