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Rutgers van der Loeff, MM et al. (2003): Radium 228 and Radium 226 in surface water of the Kara Sea and Laptev Sea. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.60021,
Supplement to: Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M; Kühne, Stephan; Wahsner, Monika; Höltzen, Heike; Frank, Markus; Ekwurzel, Brenda; Mensch, Manfred; Rachold, Volker (2003): 228Ra and 226Ra in the Kara and Laptev seas. Continental Shelf Research, 23(1), 113-124, doi:10.1016/S0278-4343(02)00169-3
The surface water in the Transpolar Drift in the Arctic Ocean has a strong signature of 228Ra. In an earlier study of 228Ra in the open Arctic we showed that the major 228Ra source had to be in the Siberian shelf seas, but only a single shelf station was published so far. Here we investigate the sources of this signal on the Siberian shelves by measurements of 228Ra and 226Ra in surface waters of the Kara and Laptev Sea, including the Ob, Yenisey and Lena estuaries.
In the Ob and Lena rivers we found an indication for a very strong and unexpected removal of both isotopes in the early stage of estuarine mixing, presumably related to flocculation of organic-rich material. Whereas 226Ra behaves conservatively on the shelf, the distribution of 228Ra is governed by large inputs on the shelves, although sources are highly variable. In the Kara Sea the maximum activity was found in the Baydaratskaya Bay, where tidal resonance and low freshwater supply favour 228Ra accumulation. The Laptev Sea is a stronger source for 228Ra than the Kara Sea. Since a large part of Kara Sea water flows through the Laptev Sea, the 228Ra signal in the Transpolar Drift can be described as originating on the Laptev shelf.
The combined freshwater inputs from the Eurasian shelves thus produce a common radium signature with a 228Ra/226Ra activity ratio of 4.0 at 20% river water. The radium signals of the individual Siberian rivers and shelves cannot be separated, but their signal is significantly different from the signal produced on the Canadian shelf (Smith et al., in press). In this respect, the radium tracers add to the information given by Barium. Moreover, with the 5.8 year half-life of 228Ra, they have the potential to serve as a tracer for the age of a water mass since its contact with the shelves.
Median Latitude: 76.795496 * Median Longitude: 92.899991 * South-bound Latitude: 68.823833 * West-bound Longitude: 30.253333 * North-bound Latitude: 82.771667 * East-bound Longitude: 133.548333
Date/Time Start: 1993-08-12T10:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-09-04T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 1.00 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 1.00 m
Lena99_1 (L1) * * Latitude: 72.210000 * Longitude: 126.320000 * Date/Time: 1999-09-02T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1.0 m * Campaign: Lena-Delta1999 * * Basis: Sampling on land * * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND) *
Lena99_2 (L2) * * Latitude: 72.160000 * Longitude: 127.520000 * Date/Time: 1999-09-03T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2.0 m * Campaign: Lena-Delta1999 * * Basis: Sampling on land * * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND) *
Lena99_3 (L3) * * Latitude: 72.010000 * Longitude: 129.080000 * Date/Time: 1999-09-04T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3.0 m * Campaign: Lena-Delta1999 * * Basis: Sampling on land * * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND) *
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event label *Event
2Latitude of event *Latitude
3Longitude of event *Longitude
4Elevation of event *Elevationm
5DEPTH, water *Depth watermGeocode
6Salinity *SalRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *
7Radium 226 *226Radpm/m3Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *filtered 20-L-samples
8Radium 226, standard deviation *226Ra std dev±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Calculated *
9Radium 228 *228Radpm/m3Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Calculated *from ratio and 226Ra
10Radium 228, standard deviation *228Ra std dev±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *
11Radium 228/Radium 226 activity ratio *(228Ra/226Ra)Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Gamma-ray spectrometry *filtered large-volume samples
12Radium 228/Radium 226 activity ratio, standard deviation *(228Ra/226Ra) std dev±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Calculated *
13delta 18O, water *d18O H2Oper mil SMOWRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Isotope ratio mass spectrometry *
14delta 18O, standard deviation *d18O std dev±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Isotope ratio mass spectrometry *
15River water percentage *River water%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M *Calculated *from d18O and salinity, using Ostlund & Hut, 1984 model at salinities >10 per mil
369 data points

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