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Ray, P H; Hazen, W B (2010): (Page 204-331) Hourly meteorological observations at the polar station Point Barrow, Alaska. PANGAEA,, In: Ray, PH; Hazen, WB (2010): Environmental observations from Point Barrow during the first International Polar Year 1882/83 (digitized tables). Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, PANGAEA,

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Ray, P H; Hazen, W B (1885): Report of the International Polar Expedition to Point Barrow, Alaska. Washington: Government Printing Office, 695 pp, hdl:10013/epic.30581.d001
Latitude: 71.280000 * Longitude: -156.750000
Date/Time Start: 1881-10-18T01:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1883-08-27T23:59:00
Minimum Elevation: 5.2 m * Maximum Elevation: 5.2 m
Point_Barrow * Latitude: 71.280000 * Longitude: -156.750000 * Date/Time Start: 1882-08-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1883-08-27T00:00:00 * Elevation: 5.2 m * Location: United States of America * Campaign: IPY-1 (International Polar Year 1881-1884) * Device: Observation (OBSE)
The station was operational on October 18, 1881. Time = Washington Mean Time (correction for mean local time -5h 17m). The thermometer shelter was installed on the north side of the station building and consisted of wooden louvers on three exposed sides with an additional screen of seal-skin above and below. The shelter was 16 feet long and 4 feet broad, with a walrus hide roof.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
2Station pressurePoPoPoPohPaRay, P HBarometerheight above sea level 5.18 m (17 feet); original data in [in Hg] calculated to [hPa] by a factor of 33.86389
3Temperature, airTTT°CRay, P HThermometerheight above ground 1.22 m (4 feet); original data in [deg F] calculated to [deg C]: [(F) - 32)] x 0.555556 = (C)
4Humidity, relativeRH%Ray, P HHygrometerheight above ground 1.22 m (4 feet)
5Wind direction descriptionWind dir descrRay, P HAnemometerheight above ground 6.4 m (21 feet)
6Wind directiondddegRay, P HCalculated from wind direction descriptionheight above ground 6.4 m (21 feet)
7Wind speedffm/sRay, P HAnemometerheight above ground 6.4 m (21 feet); original data in [miles/hour] calculated to [m/sec] by a factor of 0.44704
8Cloud coverCloud cov%Ray, P HVisual observationoriginal data given in tenth
9Cloud typeCloud typeRay, P HVisual observationincluding cloud cover
10Cloud direction descriptionCloud dir descrRay, P HVisual observation
11Cloud directionCloud dirdegRay, P HCalculated from cloud direction description
12Precipitation integratedPrecip intmmRay, P HRain gaugeoriginal data in [inches] calculated to [mm] by a factor of 25.4
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