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Parker, Laura M; Ross, Pauline M; O'Connor, Wayne A; Borysko, Larissa; Raftos, David A; Pörtner, Hans-Otto (2012): Seawater carbonate chemistry and survival, development, shell length of larvae and standard metabolic rate of adults of the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.943117

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Abstract:
It is essential to predict the impact of elevated PCO2 on marine organisms and habitats to anticipate the severity and consequences of future ocean chemistry change. Despite the importance of carry-over effects in the evolutionary history of marine organisms, few studies have considered links between life-history stages when determining how marine organisms will respond to elevated PCO2, and none have considered the link between adults and their offspring. Herein, we exposed adults of wild and selectively bred Sydney rock oysters, Saccostrea glomerata to elevated PCO2 during reproductive conditioning and measured the development, growth and survival response of their larvae. We found that elevated PCO2 had a negative impact on larvae of S. glomerata causing a reduction in growth, rate of development and survival. Exposing adults to elevated PCO2 during reproductive conditioning, however, had positive carry-over effects on larvae. Larvae spawned from adults exposed to elevated PCO2 were larger and developed faster, but displayed similar survival compared with larvae spawned from adults exposed to ambient PCO2. Furthermore, selectively bred larvae of S. glomerata were more resilient to elevated PCO2 than wild larvae. Measurement of the standard metabolic rate (SMR) of adult S. glomerata showed that at ambient PCO2, SMR is increased in selectively bred compared with wild oysters and is further increased during exposure to elevated PCO2. This study suggests that sensitive marine organisms may have the capacity to acclimate or adapt to elevated PCO2 over the next century and a change in energy turnover indicated by SMR may be a key process involved.
Keyword(s):
Animalia; Benthic animals; Benthos; Brackish waters; Containers and aquaria (20-1000 L or < 1 m**2); Development; Growth/Morphology; Laboratory experiment; Mollusca; Mortality/Survival; Pelagos; Respiration; Saccostrea glomerata; Single species; South Pacific; Temperate; Zooplankton
Supplement to:
Parker, Laura M; Ross, Pauline M; O'Connor, Wayne A; Borysko, Larissa; Raftos, David A; Pörtner, Hans-Otto (2012): Adult exposure influences offspring response to ocean acidification in oysters. Global Change Biology, 18(1), 82-92, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02520.x
Further details:
Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Epitalon, Jean-Marie; Lavigne, Héloise; Orr, James (2021): seacarb: seawater carbonate chemistry with R. R package version 3.2.16. https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/seacarb/index.html
Comment:
In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2022-04-06.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1TypeTypeParker, Laura Mstudy
2SpeciesSpeciesParker, Laura M
3Registration number of speciesReg spec noParker, Laura MWoRMS Aphia ID
4Uniform resource locator/link to referenceURL refParker, Laura M
5TypeTypeParker, Laura MOyster population
6ReplicateReplicateParker, Laura M
7TreatmentTreatParker, Laura MAdult
8TreatmentTreatParker, Laura MLarval
9SurvivalSurvival%Parker, Laura MLarval
10LarvaeLarvae%Parker, Laura Mdeveloped to the umbonate larval stage after 9 days
11LarvaeLarvae%Parker, Laura Mdeveloped to the eyed larval stage after 19 days
12Shell lengthShell lmmParker, Laura MLarval, after 19 days
13Day of experimentDOEdayParker, Laura M
14Shell lengthShell lmmParker, Laura MLarval
15Metabolic rate of oxygen per dry mass, standardSMR O2 drymg/g/hParker, Laura MAdult
16SalinitySalParker, Laura MAdult
17Salinity, standard errorSal std e±Parker, Laura MAdult
18Temperature, waterTemp°CParker, Laura MAdult
19Temperature, water, standard errorT std e±Parker, Laura MAdult
20pHpHParker, Laura MPotentiometricNBS scale, Adult
21pH, standard errorpH std e±Parker, Laura MPotentiometricNBS scale, Adult
22Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgParker, Laura MPotentiometric titrationAdult
23Alkalinity, total, standard errorAT std e±Parker, Laura MPotentiometric titrationAdult
24Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSAdult
25Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSAdult
26Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSAdult
27Calcite saturation stateOmega CalParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSAdult
28SalinitySalParker, Laura MLarvae
29Salinity, standard errorSal std e±Parker, Laura MLarvae
30Temperature, waterTemp°CParker, Laura MLarvae
31Temperature, water, standard errorT std e±Parker, Laura MLarvae
32pHpHParker, Laura MPotentiometricNBS scale, Larvae
33pH, standard errorpH std e±Parker, Laura MPotentiometricNBS scale, Larvae
34Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgParker, Laura MPotentiometric titrationLarvae
35Alkalinity, total, standard errorAT std e±Parker, Laura MPotentiometric titrationLarvae
36Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSLarvae
37Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSLarvae
38Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSLarvae
39Calcite saturation stateOmega CalParker, Laura MCalculated using CO2SYSLarvae
40Carbonate system computation flagCSC flagYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
41pHpHYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)total scale
42Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
43Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
44Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
45Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
46Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
47Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
48Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
49Calcite saturation stateOmega CalYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
50pHpHYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)total scale
51Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
52Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
53Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
54Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
55Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
56Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
57Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
58Calcite saturation stateOmega CalYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
Size:
14399 data points

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