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Kahl, Wolf-Achim; Türke, Andreas; Bach, Wolfgang (2021): X-ray µ-CT data reconstruction, image stack of ICPD Core ICDP5059_1_C. PANGAEA,

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This contribution comprises true-3D volume datasets ("Digital drill cores"), acquired by a X-ray Computed Microtomography (μ-CT) survey on reference drill core material recovered from Hole 5059-1-C (192 m) on Surtsey volcano (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago, Iceland), drilled by the SUSTAIN drilling project (Surtsey Underwater volcanic System for Thermophiles, Alteration processes and INnovative Concretes, see Jackson et al. 2019 for details).
Seventeen reference samples (see Weisenberger et al. 2019 for preparational details) (ranging from 22.66 to 180.65 m vertical depth, sampling roughly every 10 m) were scanned as quarter cores. The X-ray μ-CT scans were performed using the ProCon CT-ALPHA system of the Petrology of the Ocean Crust research group at the University of Bremen, Germany. This μ-CT survey has been conducted as part of the DFG SPP 1006 grant "Rates and Processes of Tephra Alteration on Surtsey: Observations and Experiments". In order to avoid imaging of void space due to the quarter core shape, and to achieve a higher magnification, the scans were performed as "out-of-area"-scans (see, e. g. Kahl et al., 2016), restricting observations to the inner regions of the samples. The reconstructed image material is of cylindrical shape with a resolution of ca. 7.5 μm/voxel, and represents virtual drill cores of ca. 15 mm diameter and 15 mm height.
The μ-CT-derived image volumes comprise the true 3-D spatial arrangement of fabric compounds in the rock. In the reconstructed 16-bit greyscale volume data, areas of highly attenuating phases (e.g. magnetite, olivine) are encoded in light grey values, whereas areas of low X-ray absorption are color-coded in dark grey (e.g. clays) or black (e.g. voids, cracks). In order to facilitate straightforward access to the digital drill core image material, the volume data is provided as a zipped stack of tif images. In addition, each digital drill core is characterized by three types of visualization: (i) shaded and classical texture-based volume rendering (volren), (ii) maximum intensity projection (volren-MIP): visualization of the highest intensity in a data volume along the current line of sight, and (iii) three perpendicular virtual cutting planes (3-slices).
As an added value to the non-destructive visualization procedure, the reconstructed X-ray micro-CT scans of the studied reference drill core material provide volume reconstructions which can serve as digitypes that may be studied as digital facsimile without the necessity of consulting / modifying / destructive interactions of the actual type specimens (e. g. by physical permeability tests). These image data can be used for quantitative 3D image analysis, e. g. to derive empirical relations between porosity, the extent of replacement of primary phases, and the distribution of secondary phases (and many more).
Digital drill core; ICDP SUSTAIN Program At Surtsey Island; Reconstructed X-ray µ-CT data; tif image stack
Related to:
Jackson, Marie Dolores; Gudmundsson, Magnús Tumi; Weisenberger, Tobias Björn; Rhodes, J Michael; Stefánsson, Andri; Kleine, Barbara; Lippert, Peter C; Marquardt, Joshua M; Reynolds, Hannah I; Kück, Jochem; Marteinsson, Viggo T; Vannier, Pauline; Bach, Wolfgang; Barich, Amel; Bergsten, Pauline; Bryce, Julia G; Cappelletti, Piergiulio; Couper, Samantha; Fahnestock, M Florencia; Gorny, Carolyn F; Grimaldi, Carla; Groh, Marco; Gudmundsson, Águst; Gunnlaugsson, Ágúst Thór; Hamlin, Cédric; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Jónasson, Kristján; Jónsson, Sigurdur Sveinn; Jørgensen, Steffen Leth; Klonowski, Alexandra M; Marshall, Beau; Massey, Erica; McPhie, Jocelyn; Moore, James G; Ólafsson, Einar Sindri; Onstad, Solveig Lie; Perez, Velveth; Prause, Simon; Snorrason, Snorri P; Türke, Andreas; White, James D L; Zimanowski, Bernd (2019): SUSTAIN drilling at Surtsey volcano, Iceland, tracks hydrothermal and microbiological interactions in basalt 50 years after eruption. Scientific Drilling, 25, 35-46,
Kahl, Wolf-Achim; Hansen, Christian T; Bach, Wolfgang (2016): A new X-ray-transparent flow-through reaction cell for a µ-CT-based concomitant surveillance of the reaction progress of hydrothermal mineral–fluid interactions. Solid Earth, 7(2), 651-658,
Weisenberger, Tobias Björn; Gudmundsson, Magnús Tumi; Jackson, Marie Dolores; Gorny, Carolyn F; Türke, Andreas; Kleine, Barbara; Marshall, Beau; Jørgensen, Steffen Leth; Marteinsson, Viggo T; Stefánsson, Andri; White, James D L; Barich, Amel; Bergsten, Pauline; Bryce, Julia G; Couper, Samantha; Fahnestock, M Florencia; Franzson, Hjalti; Grimaldi, Carla; Groh, Marco; Gudmundsson, Águst; Gunnlaugsson, Ágúst Thór; Hamelin, Cedric; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Jónasson, Kristján; Jónsson, Sigurdur Sveinn; Klonowski, Alexandra M; Kück, Jochem; Magnússon, Rögnvaldur Líndal; Massey, Erica; McPhie, Jocelyn; Ólafsson, Einar Sindri; Onstad, Solveig Lie; Prause, Simon; Perez, Velveth; Rhodes, J Michael; Snorrason, Snorri P (2019): Operational report for the 2017 Surtsey Underwater volcanic System for Thermophiles, Alteration processes and INnovative concretes (SUSTAIN) drilling project at Surtsey Volcano, Iceland. GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences,
Latitude: 63.301623 * Longitude: -20.599837
Date/Time Start: 2017-08-18T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2017-08-26T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 22.8125 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 180.8100 m
ICDP5059_1_C * Latitude: 63.301623 * Longitude: -20.599837 * Date/Time Start: 2017-08-18T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2017-08-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: 57.9 m * IGSN: ICDP5059EHY2001 * Location: Iceland * Method/Device: Core drilling (CDRILL)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Sample IDSample IDKahl, Wolf-Achimµ-CT sample ID
2Sample IDSample IDKahl, Wolf-AchimRef. Smp. #
3Sample IDSample IDKahl, Wolf-AchimRef. Sample ID
4DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmKahl, Wolf-AchimGeocode – vertical depth
5Depth, top/minDepth topmKahl, Wolf-Achimvertical depth
6Depth, bottom/maxDepth botmKahl, Wolf-Achimvertical depth
7Lithology/composition/faciesLithologyKahl, Wolf-Achim
8Voxel sizeVoxel sizeµmKahl, Wolf-AchimReconstructed scan
9Binary ObjectBinaryKahl, Wolf-AchimComputed TomographyStack
10Binary ObjectBinaryKahl, Wolf-AchimComputed TomographyVolren
11Binary ObjectBinaryKahl, Wolf-AchimComputed TomographyVolrenMIP
12Binary ObjectBinaryKahl, Wolf-AchimComputed Tomography3 slices
Curation Level: Enhanced curation (CurationLevelC)
187 data points

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