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Hollarsmith, Jordan A; Sadowski, Jason S; Picard, Manon M M; Cheng, Brian; Farlin, James; Russell, Ann D; Grosholz, Edwin D (2020): Seawater carbonate chemistry and growth and survival of native and commercial oysters. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.915941

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Abstract:
The effects of climate change, including ocean acidification and ocean heatwaves, on biological communities in estuaries are often uncertain. Part of the uncertainty is due to the complex suite of environmental factors in addition to acidification and warming that influence the growth of shells and skeletons of many estuarine organisms. The goal of this study was to document spatial and temporal variation in water column properties and to measure the in situ effects on larval and recently settled stages of ecologically important Olympia oysters (Ostrea lurida) and commercially important Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) in a low‐inflow estuary with a Mediterranean climate in Northern California. Our results reveal that seasonal inputs of upwelled or riverine water create important and predictable gradients of carbonate system parameters, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), and other variables that influence oyster performance, and that the influence of these gradients is contingent upon the location in the estuary as well as seasonal timing. During upwelling events (dry season), temperature, carbonate chemistry, and DO had the greatest impact on oyster performance. During runoff events (wet season), gradients in salinity, nutrient concentrations, and total alkalinity driven by river discharge were comparatively more important. These results suggest that the spatial importance of carbonate chemistry and temperature are seasonally variable and are two of several other factors that determine oyster performance. We use these results to discuss future impacts on oysters given projected regional changes in the frequency and magnitude of upwelling and precipitation‐driven runoff events.
Keyword(s):
Animalia; Benthic animals; Benthos; Brackish waters; Crassostrea gigas; Estuary; Field experiment; Growth/Morphology; Mollusca; Mortality/Survival; North Pacific; Ostrea lurida; Single species; Temperate; Upwelling
Supplement to:
Hollarsmith, Jordan A; Sadowski, Jason S; Picard, Manon M M; Cheng, Brian; Farlin, James; Russell, Ann D; Grosholz, Edwin D (2020): Effects of seasonal upwelling and runoff on water chemistry and growth and survival of native and commercial oysters. Limnology and Oceanography, 65(2), 224-235, https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11293
Further details:
Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Epitalon, Jean-Marie; Lavigne, Héloise; Orr, James C; Gentili, Bernard; Hagens, Mathilde; Hofmann, Andreas; Mueller, Jens-Daniel; Proye, Aurélien; Rae, James; Soetaert, Karline (2019): seacarb: seawater carbonate chemistry with R. R package version 3.2.12. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=seacarb
Coverage:
Latitude: 38.150000 * Longitude: -122.900000
Date/Time Start: 2014-04-30T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2016-01-20T00:00:00
Event(s):
Tomales_Bay * Latitude: 38.150000 * Longitude: -122.900000 * Date/Time Start: 2014-04-30T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2016-01-20T00:00:00 * Method/Device: Experiment (EXP)
Comment:
In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2019) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2020-04-30.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1TypeTypeHollarsmith, Jordan Astudy
2SpeciesSpeciesHollarsmith, Jordan A
3Registration number of speciesReg spec noHollarsmith, Jordan A
4Uniform resource locator/link to referenceURL refHollarsmith, Jordan AWoRMS Aphia ID
5NameNameHollarsmith, Jordan ADataset
6Sample IDSample IDHollarsmith, Jordan A
7MonthMonthHollarsmith, Jordan A
8Sampling dateSampling dateHollarsmith, Jordan A
9SeasonSeasonHollarsmith, Jordan A
10SeasonSeasonHollarsmith, Jordan AL_Season
11NameNameHollarsmith, Jordan AEvent
12Station labelStationHollarsmith, Jordan A
13Depth, descriptionDepth descHollarsmith, Jordan A
14Growth, relativeGrowth relHollarsmith, Jordan A
15Growth, relative, standard deviationGrowth rel std dev±Hollarsmith, Jordan A
16Growth, relative, standard errorGrowth rel std e±Hollarsmith, Jordan A
17Temperature, waterTemp°CHollarsmith, Jordan A
18SalinitySalHollarsmith, Jordan A
19Oxygen, dissolvedDO%Hollarsmith, Jordan A
20pHpHHollarsmith, Jordan Aat 25 °C
21pHpHHollarsmith, Jordan Ain situ
22CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan Aspec_flag
23pHpHHollarsmith, Jordan ANBS scale
24pHpHHollarsmith, Jordan Atotal scale
25CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan ApH_NBS_YSI flag
26CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan ApH_T_YSI flag
27Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
28CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan AT_alk_rep
29CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan AT_alk flag
30CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan AT_alk_qual flag
31Phosphate[PO4]3-µmol/lHollarsmith, Jordan A
32CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan APO4_qual flag
33Nitrate and Nitrite[NO3]- + [NO2]-µmol/lHollarsmith, Jordan A
34CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan AN+N_qual flag
35SilicateSi(OH)4µmol/lHollarsmith, Jordan A
36CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan ASilicate_qual flag
37Nitrite[NO2]-µmol/lHollarsmith, Jordan A
38CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan ANO2_qual flag
39Ammonium[NH4]+µmol/lHollarsmith, Jordan A
40CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan ANH4_qual flag
41Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
42Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmHollarsmith, Jordan A
43Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
44Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
45Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
46Alkalinity, borateAT [B(OH)4]-µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
47Hydroxide ionOH-µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
48Alkalinity, phosphateAT [PO4]3-µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
49Alkalinity, silicateAT [SiO(OH)3]-µmol/kgHollarsmith, Jordan A
50Revelle factorRHollarsmith, Jordan A
51Calcite saturation stateOmega CalHollarsmith, Jordan A
52Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgHollarsmith, Jordan A
53Chlorophyll aChl amg/m3Hollarsmith, Jordan A
54CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan ACO2Constants
55CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan AKHSO4
56BatchBatchHollarsmith, Jordan A
57LengthlmmHollarsmith, Jordan Alarval
58NumberNoHollarsmith, Jordan APhoto
59IndividualsInd#Hollarsmith, Jordan ADead larval_perPhoto
60IndividualsInd#Hollarsmith, Jordan ALive larval_perPhoto
61LengthlmmHollarsmith, Jordan Alarval, MP
62CommentCommentHollarsmith, Jordan Anotes
63IndividualsInd#Hollarsmith, Jordan ALive larval_total_batch
64IndividualsInd#Hollarsmith, Jordan ADead larval_total_batch
65Time in daysTimedaysHollarsmith, Jordan ADeployed
66NumberNoHollarsmith, Jordan A
67LengthlmmHollarsmith, Jordan Abefore
68LengthlmmHollarsmith, Jordan Aafter
69Sampling dateSampling dateHollarsmith, Jordan Abottle
70IdentificationIDHollarsmith, Jordan ATile
71IndividualsInd#Hollarsmith, Jordan ATotal Start
72IndividualsInd#Hollarsmith, Jordan ATotal End
73Proportion of survivalSurvivalHollarsmith, Jordan A
74Proportion of survivalSurvivalHollarsmith, Jordan ATrPropSurv
75WidthwmmHollarsmith, Jordan Abefore
76AreaAreacm2Hollarsmith, Jordan Abefore
77WidthwmmHollarsmith, Jordan Aafter
78AreaAreacm2Hollarsmith, Jordan Aafter
79IdentificationIDHollarsmith, Jordan ACone.of.origin
80DateDateHollarsmith, Jordan Aspawned
81DateDateHollarsmith, Jordan Areceoved
82Carbonate system computation flagCSC flagYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
83Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
84Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
85Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
86Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
87Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
88Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
89Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
90Calcite saturation stateOmega CalYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
Size:
54225 data points

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