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Coffinet, Sarah; Meador, Travis; Mühlena, Lukas; Becker, Kevin W; Schröder, Jan Martin; Zhu, Qingzeng; Lipp, Julius S; Heuer, Verena B; Crump, Matthew P; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe (2019): Absolute concentrations of BDGTs and PDGTs in sediments from expeditions M84/1 and POS450. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.907964, Supplement to: Coffinet, S et al. (2019): Structural elucidation and environmental distributions of butanetriol and pentanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (BDGTs and PDGTs). Biogeosciences, 17, 317-330, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-317-2020

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Abstract:
Butanetriol and pentanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (BDGTs and PDGTs) are membrane lipids recently discovered in sedimentary environments and in the methanogenic archaeon Methanomassiliicoccus luminyensis. They possess an unusual structure, which challenges fundamental assumptions in lipid biochemistry. Indeed, they bear a butanetriol or a pentanetriol backbone instead of a glycerol at one end of their core structure. In this study, we unambiguously located the additional methyl group of the BDGT compound on the C3 carbon of the lipid backbone via high-field two-dimensional NMR experiments. We further systematically explored the abundance, distribution and isotopic composition of BDGTs and PDGTs as both intact polar and core lipid forms in marine sediments collected in contrasting environments of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. In addition, relatively 13C-depleted BDGTs from the Rhone delta and from the Black Sea are in agreement with a probable methanogenic source for these lipids. In line with this interpretation, high proportions of intact polar BDGTs and PDGTs were detected in the deeper methane-laden sedimentary layers. However, relatively 13C enriched BDGTs and contrasting headgroup distribution patterns of BDGTs and PDGTs in sediments of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea imply that additional archaeal groups also produce these unique lipids.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 40.522967 * Median Longitude: 16.822989 * South-bound Latitude: 33.027000 * West-bound Longitude: 3.483330 * North-bound Latitude: 43.316170 * East-bound Longitude: 32.633000
Date/Time Start: 2011-02-14T12:50:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-04-07T12:06:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.015 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 6.280 m
Event(s):
M84/1_119-1 (GeoB15103-1) * Latitude: 33.033000 * Longitude: 32.633000 * Date/Time: 2011-02-14T12:50:00 * Elevation: -1424.0 m * Campaign: M84/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
M84/1_120-1 (GeoB15103-2) * Latitude: 33.027000 * Longitude: 32.630000 * Date/Time: 2011-02-14T15:03:00 * Elevation: -1367.0 m * Campaign: M84/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
M84/1_121-1 (GeoB15103-3) * Latitude: 33.027000 * Longitude: 32.630000 * Date/Time: 2011-02-14T16:35:00 * Elevation: -1366.0 m * Campaign: M84/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC)
Comment:
Empty cells in the data table corresponds to measurements which were below detection limit.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventCoffinet, Sarah
2IdentificationIDCoffinet, Sarah
3Proposed International Geo Sample NumberProp IGSNCoffinet, Sarahnot registered
4Depth, top/minDepth topmCoffinet, Sarahmbsf
5Depth, bottom/maxDepth botmCoffinet, Sarahmbsf
6DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmCoffinet, SarahGeocode – mbsf, average
7Diglycosidic butanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers per unit mass organic carbon2G-BDGTs/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
8Monoglycosidic butanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers per unit mass organic carbon1G-BDGTs/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
9Acyclic butanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in core lipids per unit mass organic carbonCL-BDGT-0/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
10Monocyclic butanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in core lipids per unit mass organic carbonCL-BDGT-1/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
11Dicyclic butanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in core lipids per unit mass organic carbonCL-BDGT-2/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
12Diglycosidic pentanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers per unit mass organic carbon2G-PDGTs/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
13Monoglycosidic pentanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers per unit mass organic carbon1G-PDGTs/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
14Pentanetriol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in core lipids per unit mass organic carbonCL-PDGTs/OCµg/gCoffinet, Sarah
Size:
455 data points

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