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Xie, Ruifang C; Rehkämper, Mark; Grasse, Patricia; van de Flierdt, Tina; Frank, Martin; Xue, Zichen (2019): Dissolved Cd isotope ratios from seawater samples during cruises M77/3 and M77/4. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Xie, RC et al. (2019): Isotopic evidence for complex biogeochemical cycling of Cd in the eastern tropical South Pacific. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 512, pp.134-146,

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The depth profiles of Cd isotopes display high δ114/110Cd at the surface and decreasing δ114/110Cd with increasing water depth, consistent with preferential utilization of lighter Cd isotopes during biological uptake in the euphotic zone and subsequent remineralization of the sinking biomass. In the surface and subsurface ocean, seawater displays similar δ114/110Cd signatures of 0.47 ±0.23‰ to 0.82 ±0.05‰ across the entire eastern tropical South Pacific despite highly variable Cd concentrations between 0.01 and 0.84 nmol/kg. This observation, best explained by an open system steady-state fractionation model, contrasts with previous studies of the South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans, where only Cd-deficient waters have a relatively constant Cd isotope signature. For the subsurface to about 500 m depth, the variability of seawater Cd isotope compositions can be modeled by mixing of remineralized Cd with subsurface water from the base of the mixed layer. In the intermediate and deep eastern tropical South Pacific (>500 m), seawater [Cd] and δ114/110Cd appear to follow the distribution and mixing of major water masses. We identified modified AAIW of the ETSP to be more enriched in [Cd] than AAIW from the source region, whilst both water masses have similar δ114/110Cd. A mass balance estimate thus constrains a δ114/110Cd of between 0.38‰ and 0.56‰ for the accumulated remineralized Cd in the ETSP. Nearly all samples show a tight coupling of Cd and PO4 concentrations, whereby surface and deeper waters define two distinct linear trends. However, seawater at a coastal station located within a pronounced plume of H2S, is depleted in [Cd] and features significantly higher δ114/110Cd. This signature is attributed to the formation of authigenic CdS with preferential incorporation of lighter Cd isotopes. The process follows a Rayleigh fractionation model with a fractionation factor of α114/110Cd(seawater-CdS)=1.00029. Further deviations from the deep Cd-PO4 trend were observed for samples with O2<10μmol/kg and are best explained by in situ CdS precipitation within the decaying organic matter even though dissolved H2S was not detectable in ambient seawater.
German Science Foundation (DFG), grant/award no. 27542298: Climate - Biogeochemistry Interactions in the Tropical Ocean
Median Latitude: -8.972927 * Median Longitude: -82.686951 * South-bound Latitude: -14.000000 * West-bound Longitude: -85.830000 * North-bound Latitude: -3.580000 * East-bound Longitude: -77.000000
Date/Time Start: 2009-01-08T00:55:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-02-09T20:42:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 3976 m
M77/3_011-1 * Latitude: -12.033300 * Longitude: -78.000000 * Date/Time: 2009-01-08T00:55:00 * Elevation: -1767.7 m * Campaign: M77/3 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Go-Flo bottles (GOFLO) * Comment: W1
M77/3-CTD50 * Latitude: -12.362800 * Longitude: -77.001500 * Date/Time: 2009-01-09T18:08:00 * Elevation: -102.6 m * Campaign: M77/3 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO) * Comment: 0
M77/4-CTD3 (M77/4_078) * Latitude: -13.998500 * Longitude: -77.058160 * Date/Time: 2009-01-28T18:40:00 * Elevation: -3022.0 m * Campaign: M77/4 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO) * Comment: W2
Cd concentrations and isotope compositions for seawater samples analyzed in this study. e114/110Cd values are reported relatively to NIST SRM3108 standard and converted to δ114/110Cd for interlaboratory comparison.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventXie, Ruifang C
2Station labelStationXie, Ruifang C
3Sample code/labelSample labelXie, Ruifang C
4Cast numberCastXie, Ruifang C
5LATITUDELatitudeXie, Ruifang CGeocode
6LONGITUDELongitudeXie, Ruifang CGeocode
7DEPTH, waterDepth watermXie, Ruifang CGeocode
8CadmiumCdnmol/lXie, Ruifang CAtomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)
9ε-114/110 Cdε-114/110 CdXie, Ruifang C
10Standard deviationStd dev±Xie, Ruifang C2 sigma epsilon
11δ114/110Cdδ114/110CdXie, Ruifang C
12Standard deviationStd dev±Xie, Ruifang C2 sigma delta
656 data points

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