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Miebach, Andrea; Stolzenberger, Sophie; Wacker, Lisa; Hense, Andreas; Litt, Thomas (2019): Pollen, micro-charcoal, and non-pollen palynomorph counts of Dead Sea core 5017-1-A (88-14 ka BP). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.900564, Supplement to: Miebach, A et al. (2019): A new Dead Sea pollen record reveals the last glacial paleoenvironment of the southern Levant. Quaternary Science Reviews, 214, 98-116, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.04.033

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Abstract:
The southern Levant is a key region for studying vegetation developments in relation to climate dynamics and hominin migration processes in the past due to the sensitivity of the vegetation to climate variations and the long history of different anthropogenic occupation phases. However, paleoenvironmental conditions in the southern Levant during the Late Pleistocene were still insufficiently understood. Therefore, we investigated the vegetation and fire history of the Dead Sea region during the last glacial period. We present a new palynological study conducted on sediments of Lake Lisan, the last glacial precursor of the Dead Sea. The sediments were recovered from the center of the modern Dead Sea within an ICDP campaign. The palynological results suggest that Irano-Turanian steppe and Saharo-Arabian desert vegetation prevailed in the Dead Sea region during the investigated period (ca. 88,000–14,000 years BP). Nevertheless, Mediterranean woodland elements significantly contributed to the vegetation composition, suggesting moderate amounts of available water for plants. The early last glacial was characterized by dynamic climate conditions with pronounced dry phases and high but unstable fire activity. Anatomically modern humans entered the southern Levant during a climatically stable phase (late MIS 4–MIS 3) with diverse habitats, constant moisture availability, and low fire activity. MIS 2 was the coldest phase of the investigated timeframe, causing changes in woodland composition and a widespread occurrence of steppe. We used a biome modeling approach to assess regional vegetation patterns under changing climate conditions and to evaluate different climate scenarios for the last glacial Levant. The study provides new insights into the environmental responses of the Dead Sea region to climate variations through time. It contributes towards our understanding of the paleoenvironmental conditions in the southern Levant, which functioned as an important corridor for human migration processes.
Coverage:
Latitude: 31.508050 * Longitude: 35.471000
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 92.345 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 199.070 m
Event(s):
DSDDP_5017-1-A * Latitude: 31.508050 * Longitude: 35.471000 * Location: Dead Sea Basin, Israel * Device: Core drilling (CDRILL)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Sample code/labelSample labelMiebach, Andrea
2DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmMiebach, AndreaGeocode
3AGEAgeka BPMiebach, AndreaGeocode
4AcerAce#Miebach, Andrea
5AlnusAln#Miebach, Andrea
6BetulaBet#Miebach, Andrea
7CedrusCed#Miebach, Andrea
8CorylusCor#Miebach, Andrea
9Cotinus coggygriaCot.c#Miebach, Andrea
10FagusFag#Miebach, Andrea
11Fraxinus excelsior-typeFra.e-T#Miebach, Andrea
12Fraxinus ornusFra.o#Miebach, Andrea
13Hippophae rhamnoidesHip.r#Miebach, Andrea
14Jasminum fruticansJ. fruticans#Miebach, Andrea
15Juniperus-typeJun-T#Miebach, Andrea
16Ligustrum-typeLig-T#Miebach, Andrea
17NitrariaNit#Miebach, Andrea
18Olea europaeaOle.e#Miebach, Andrea
19Ostrya-typeOst-T#Miebach, Andrea
20PhillyreaPhi#Miebach, Andrea
21PiceaPic#Miebach, Andrea
22PinusPin#Miebach, Andrea
23PistaciaPst#Miebach, Andrea
24Platanus orientalisPlt.or#Miebach, Andrea
25PopulusPop#Miebach, Andrea
26Quercus calliprinos-typeQ. calliprinos-T#Miebach, Andrea
27Quercus ithaburensis-typeQ. ithaburensis-T#Miebach, Andrea
28ReaumuriaRea#Miebach, Andrea
29Rhamnus-typeRha-T#Miebach, Andrea
30RhusRhu#Miebach, Andrea
31RosaRos#Miebach, Andrea
32SalixSal#Miebach, Andrea
33Sorbus-groupSor-G#Miebach, Andrea
34TamarixTam#Miebach, Andrea
35TiliaTil#Miebach, Andrea
36Ulmus/ZelkovaUlm/Zel#Miebach, Andrea
37Vaccinium-typeVac-T#Miebach, Andrea
38VitisVts#Miebach, Andrea
39Aconitum-groupAcn-G#Miebach, Andrea
40Alchemilla pentaphyllea-typeAlc.p-T#Miebach, Andrea
41Allium ursinum-typeAll.u-T#Miebach, Andrea
42Allium vineale-typeAll.v-T#Miebach, Andrea
43AmaranthaceaeAmaceae#Miebach, Andrea
44Anemone coronariaAne.c#Miebach, Andrea
45Apiaceae indeterminataApiae.indet#Miebach, Andrea
46Arceuthobium oxycedriArc.o#Miebach, Andrea
47ArtemisiaArt#Miebach, Andrea
48Asphodelus albus-typeAsp.a-T#Miebach, Andrea
49Astragalus-typeAsg-T#Miebach, Andrea
50Ballota-typeBal-T#Miebach, Andrea
51BistortaBist#Miebach, Andrea
52Brassicaceae indeterminataBrassicaceae indet#Miebach, Andrea
53BryoniaByo#Miebach, Andrea
54CampanulaceaeCamae#Miebach, Andrea
55Caryophyllaceae indeterminataCphae.indet#Miebach, Andrea
56Centaurea cyanusCen.c#Miebach, Andrea
57Centaurea jacea-typeCen.j-T#Miebach, Andrea
58Centaurea montana-typeCen.m-T#Miebach, Andrea
59Centaurea scabiosa-typeCen.s-T#Miebach, Andrea
60Cerealia-typeCrl-T#Miebach, Andrea
61CerintheCrt#Miebach, Andrea
62CistusCiu#Miebach, Andrea
63ColchicumCol#Miebach, Andrea
64Convolvulus arvensis-typeCnv.a-T#Miebach, Andrea
65CrupinaCin#Miebach, Andrea
66Cuscuta europaea-typeCus.e-T#Miebach, Andrea
67CyclamenCyc#Miebach, Andrea
68CynoglossumCyn#Miebach, Andrea
69CyperaceaeCypae#Miebach, Andrea
70Cytinus hypocistisCyt.h#Miebach, Andrea
71DaphneDap#Miebach, Andrea
72DipsacaceaeDipae#Miebach, Andrea
73EchiumEch#Miebach, Andrea
74Ephedra distachya-typeEph.d-T#Miebach, Andrea
75Ephedra fragilis-typeEph.f-T#Miebach, Andrea
76ErodiumEro#Miebach, Andrea
77EuphorbiaEup#Miebach, Andrea
78Fabaceae indeterminataFabae.indet#Miebach, Andrea
79FallopiaFallopia#Miebach, Andrea
80FilipendulaFlp#Miebach, Andrea
81Fumana laevipes-typeF. laevipes-T#Miebach, Andrea
82Galeopsis-typeGeo-T#Miebach, Andrea
83Genista-groupGen-G#Miebach, Andrea
84GlauciumGla#Miebach, Andrea
85HedysarumHdy#Miebach, Andrea
86HelianthemumHel#Miebach, Andrea
87HeliotropiumHelio#Miebach, Andrea
88Herniaria-typeHrn-T#Miebach, Andrea
89Humulus/CannabisHum/Can#Miebach, Andrea
90Hypericum perforatum-typeHyp.p-T#Miebach, Andrea
91KnautiaKna#Miebach, Andrea
92Lamium album-typeL. album-T#Miebach, Andrea
93LigulifloraeLigae#Miebach, Andrea
94LiliaceaeLilae#Miebach, Andreas.l.
95LinumLin#Miebach, Andrea
96LomatogoniumLom#Miebach, Andrea
97LoranthaceaeLorae#Miebach, Andrea
98LythrumLyt#Miebach, Andrea
99MatthiolaMtt#Miebach, Andrea
100Medicago sativa-typeMed.s-T#Miebach, Andrea
101Mentha-typeMen-T#Miebach, Andrea
102MoraceaeMorae#Miebach, Andrea
103OnobrychisOnb#Miebach, Andrea
104OnosmaOsm#Miebach, Andrea
105Paeonia officinalisP. officinalis#Miebach, Andrea
106Papaver argemonePap.a#Miebach, Andrea
107Papaver rhoeas-typePap.h-T#Miebach, Andrea
108PimpinellaPim#Miebach, Andrea
109PlantagoPla#Miebach, Andrea
110PlumbaginaceaePluae#Miebach, Andrea
111Poaceae wildgrass-typeP. wildgrass-T#Miebach, Andrea
112Polygonum aviculare-typePol.i-T#Miebach, Andrea
113Polygonum raiiP. raii#Miebach, Andrea
114Potentilla-typePti-T#Miebach, Andrea
115Primula clusiana-typePri.c-T#Miebach, Andrea
116Primula farinosa-typePri.f-T#Miebach, Andrea
117Primula halleriP. halleri#Miebach, Andrea
118Pulmonaria-typePul-T#Miebach, Andrea
119Ranunculaceae indeterminataRanae.indet#Miebach, Andrea
120RheumRhe#Miebach, Andrea
121RubiaceaeRubae#Miebach, Andrea
122Rumex indeterminataRum.indet#Miebach, Andrea
123Rumex aquaticus-typeRum.q-T#Miebach, Andrea
124Salvia-typeSav-T#Miebach, Andrea
125Sarcopoterium spinosum-typeSar.s-T#Miebach, Andrea
126Scabiosa argentea-typeSca.arg-type#Miebach, Andrea
127Sedum-typeSed-T#Miebach, Andrea
128ScrophulariaceaeScoae#Miebach, Andrea
129Solanum nigrum-typeSol.n-T#Miebach, Andrea
130Spergularia-typeSpg-T#Miebach, Andrea
131Symphytum-typeSym-T#Miebach, Andrea
132ThalictrumTha#Miebach, Andrea
133Theligonum cynocrambeThe.c#Miebach, Andrea
134Tordylium maximumT. maximum#Miebach, Andrea
135Tribulus terrestrisTrb#Miebach, Andrea
136TrifoliumTri#Miebach, Andrea
137TubulifloraeTubae#Miebach, Andrea
138Turgenia latifoliaTur.l#Miebach, Andrea
139Urtica piluliferaUrt.p#Miebach, Andrea
140Urticaceae indeterminataUrticaceae indet#Miebach, Andrea
141ValerianaVal#Miebach, Andrea
142ZygophyllumZyg#Miebach, Andrea
143Alisma-typeAli-T#Miebach, Andrea
144Caldesia parnassifoliaC. parnassifolia#Miebach, Andrea
145Myriophyllum spicatumMyo.s#Miebach, Andrea
146PotamogetonPot#Miebach, Andrea
147Sparganium-typeSpa-T#Miebach, Andrea
148Typha latifolia-typeTyp.l-T#Miebach, Andrea
149Pollen, corrodedPollen corroded#Miebach, Andrea
150Pollen, covertPollen covert#Miebach, Andrea
151Pollen, disruptedPollen disrupted#Miebach, Andrea
152Pollen, foldedPollen folded#Miebach, Andrea
153Unknown pollenInd.ud.p#Miebach, Andrea
154Spores, circular smallSpores circular small#Miebach, Andrea
155EquisetumEqu#Miebach, Andrea
156Fungal spore and conidiumFung spore + conidium#Miebach, Andrea
157GlomusGlomus#Miebach, Andrea
158IsoetesIso#Miebach, Andrea
159PolypodialesPoles#Miebach, Andrea
160BotryococcusBot#Miebach, Andrea
161CoelastrumCoe#Miebach, Andrea
162Pediastrum boryanumPed.b#Miebach, Andrea
163Pediastrum indeterminataPed.indet#Miebach, Andrea
164Pediastrum integrumPdi.i#Miebach, Andrea
165Pediastrum simplexPed.s#Miebach, Andrea
166DinoflagellatesDinofl#Miebach, Andrea
167PseudoschizaeaPseudoS#Miebach, Andrea
168ArcellaArl#Miebach, Andrea
169Palynomorph, unknownPalyn unknown#Miebach, Andrea
170CharcoalCharcoal#Miebach, Andrea25-100 µm
171CharcoalCharcoal#Miebach, Andrea100-200 µm
172Pollen, terrestrialPollen ter#Miebach, Andreasum
173Sample volumeSamp volcm3Miebach, Andrea
174LycopodiumLyc#Miebach, Andrea
175Lycopodium tabletsLyc.tabN#Miebach, Andrea
176Lycopodium (grains/tablet)Lyc.g/t#Miebach, Andrea
Size:
35322 data points

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