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Reese, Anna; Zimmermann, Tristan; Pröfrock, Daniel; Irrgeher, Johanna (2019): Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic signatures and elemental pattern in surface sediments in the Elbe River Estuary in 2015. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.898201, Supplement to: Reese, A et al. (2019): Extreme spatial variation of Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic signatures and 48 element mass fractions in surface sediment of the Elbe River Estuary - Suitable tracers for processes in dynamic environments? Science of the Total Environment, 668, 512-523, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.401

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Abstract:
The Elbe River was long considered as one of the most anthropogenically impacted rivers in Europe. Its estuary is characterized by strong tidal effects, continuous dredging and dumping of sediments and intense ship traffic between the North Sea and the Port of Hamburg. These activities make the estuary a highly dynamic study area of interest to numerous parties. The aim of this study was to elucidate if a combined multi-element fingerprinting and isotopic tracer approach represents a suitable tool to investigate transport and mixing processes of inorganic contaminants within a complex and highly dynamic estuarine environment.
Therefore, a total of 37 surface sediment samples (<63 µm grain size fraction) of the Elbe River Estuary were characterized in a comprehensive survey by determining the mass fractions of 48 elements and the isotopic signatures of stable Sr, Nd and Pb. By the combination of multi-element and isotopic data, statistical data analysis resolved four discrete clusters of sampling locations in the estuary: One cluster upstream of the city of Hamburg, two clusters within the mixing zone between Hamburg and the mouth of the Elbe Estuary and one cluster in the mouth of the estuary. Our results indicate that river sediments entering the estuary carry significantly higher loads of heavy metals (e.g. Cu, Zn, Sb, Cd and Pb), which are rapidly “diluted” by lower elemental mass fractions in marine sediments on a remarkably small regional scale (investigated river transect: 144 km). The cluster within the mouth of the estuary is mainly characterized by extreme isotopic variations of n(208Pb)/n(204Pb) ranging from 38.67 ± 0.15 to 73.86 ± 0.29, beside high mass fractions of U, Th and some rare-earth elements. Determined Pb isotope ratios are among the highest reported values for terrestrial materials. These extreme variations are unique as they occur on a small spatial scale and cannot be explained by the underlying geology of the Elbe Estuary solely. Hence, it can be assumed that this material is not exclusively original to the area but was transported into the Elbe Estuary either by tidal dynamics or human activities.
In summary, this study indicates the general potential of combined element fingerprinting and isotope tracer approaches to elucidate processes in complex river systems. Moreover does it represent an initial characterization of the catchment area of the Elbe River as basis for future studies on river and harbor management.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 53.650632 * Median Longitude: 9.588413 * South-bound Latitude: 53.395800 * West-bound Longitude: 8.337500 * North-bound Latitude: 53.983700 * East-bound Longitude: 10.318000
Date/Time Start: 2015-08-03T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2015-08-06T13:55:00
Minimum Elevation: -15.0 m * Maximum Elevation: -2.0 m
Event(s):
LP_2015_08_S_1 (Scharhoernriff) * Latitude: 53.983700 * Longitude: 8.337500 * Date/Time: 2015-08-03T09:33:00 * Elevation: -15.0 m * Location: Elbe and North Sea * Campaign: LP201508 * Basis: Ludwig Prandtl * Method/Device: Box corer (BC)
LP_2015_08_S_10 (Brunsbuettel Elbhafen) * Latitude: 53.876200 * Longitude: 9.202167 * Date/Time: 2015-08-04T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5.0 m * Location: Elbe and North Sea * Campaign: LP201508 * Basis: Ludwig Prandtl * Method/Device: Box corer (BC)
LP_2015_08_S_11 (St. Magarethen) * Latitude: 53.870700 * Longitude: 9.250333 * Date/Time: 2015-08-04T00:00:00 * Elevation: -10.0 m * Location: Elbe and North Sea * Campaign: LP201508 * Basis: Ludwig Prandtl * Method/Device: Box corer (BC)
Comment:
Update 2019-10-18: Element data has been corrected, multiplication by 0.001. In the first version data were wrongly given with a factor of 1000 too high.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventReese, Anna
2Latitude of eventLatitudeReese, Anna
3Longitude of eventLongitudeReese, Anna
4Elevation of eventElevationmReese, Anna
5Date/Time of eventDate/TimeReese, Anna
6DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmReese, AnnaGeocode
7DEPTH, waterDepth watermReese, AnnaGeocode
8SalinitySalReese, AnnaMultimeter 3430 WTWmeasured in water column
9pHpHReese, AnnaMultimeter 3430 WTWmeasured in water column
10Size fraction < 0.063 mm, mud, silt+clay<63 µm%Reese, AnnaGrain size, LASER Particle Sizer
11Size fraction < 0.125 mm<125 µm%Reese, AnnaGrain size, LASER Particle Sizer
12Size fraction < 0.250 mm<250 µm%Reese, AnnaGrain size, LASER Particle Sizer
13Strontium-87/Strontium-8687Sr/86SrReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
14Strontium-87/Strontium-86, uncertainty87Sr/86Sr unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
15Lead-208/Lead-206 ratio208Pb/206PbReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
16Lead-208/Lead-206, uncertainty208Pb/206Pb unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
17Lead-207/Lead-206 ratio207Pb/206PbReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
18Lead-207/Lead-206, uncertainty207Pb/206Pb unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
19Lead-206/Lead-204 ratio206Pb/204PbReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
20Lead-206/Lead-204, uncertainty206Pb/204Pb unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
21Lead-208/Lead-204 ratio208Pb/204PbReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
22Lead-208/Lead-204, uncertainty208Pb/204Pb unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
23Neodymium-143/Neodymium-144143Nd/144NdReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
24Neodymium-143/Neodymium-144, uncertainty143Nd/144Nd unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
25BerylliumBemg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
26Beryllium, uncertaintyBe unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
27MagnesiumMg2+mg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
28Magnesium, uncertaintyMg unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
29AluminiumAlmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
30Aluminium, uncertaintyAl unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
31PotassiumKmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
32Potassium, uncertaintyK unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
33ScandiumScmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
34Scandium, uncertaintySc unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
35TitaniumTimg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
36Titanium, uncertaintyTi unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
37VanadiumVmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
38Vanadium, uncertaintyV unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
39ChromiumCrmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
40Chromium, uncertaintyCr unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
41ManganeseMnmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
42Manganese, uncertaintyMn unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
43IronFemg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
44Iron, uncertaintyFe unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
45CobaltComg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
46Cobalt, uncertaintyCo unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
47NickelNimg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
48Nickel, uncertaintyNi unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
49CopperCumg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
50Copper, uncertaintyCu unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
51ZincZnmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
52Zinc, uncertaintyZn unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
53GalliumGamg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
54Gallium, uncertaintyGa unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
55ArsenicAsmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
56Arsenic, uncertaintyAs unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
57RubidiumRbmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
58Rubidium, uncertaintyRb unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
59StrontiumSrmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
60Strontium, uncertaintySr unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
61ZirconiumZrmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
62Zirconium, uncertaintyZr unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
63MolybdenumMomg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
64Molybdenum, uncertaintyMo unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
65SilverAgmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
66Silver, uncertaintyAg unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
67CadmiumCdmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
68Cadmium, uncertaintyCd unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
69AntimonySbmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
70Antimony, uncertaintySb unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
71CaesiumCsmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
72Caesium, uncertaintyCs unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
73BariumBamg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
74Barium, uncertaintyBa unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
75LanthanumLamg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
76Lanthanum, uncertaintyLa unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
77CeriumCemg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
78Cerium, uncertaintyCe unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
79PraseodymiumPrmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
80Praseodymium, uncertaintyPr unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
81NeodymiumNdmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
82Neodymium, uncertaintyNd unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
83SamariumSmmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
84Samarium, uncertaintySm unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
85EuropiumEumg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
86Europium, uncertaintyEu unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
87GadoliniumGdmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
88Gadolinium, uncertaintyGd unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
89TerbiumTbmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
90Terbium, uncertaintyTb unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
91DysprosiumDymg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
92Dysprosium, uncertaintyDy unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
93HolmiumHomg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
94Holmium, uncertaintyHo unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
95ErbiumErmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
96Erbium, uncertaintyEr unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
97ThuliumTmmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
98Thulium, uncertaintyTm unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
99YtterbiumYbmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
100Ytterbium, uncertaintyYb unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
101LutetiumLumg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
102Lutetium, uncertaintyLu unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
103TungstenWmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
104Tungsten, uncertaintyW unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
105ThalliumTlmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
106Thallium, uncertaintyTl unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
107LeadPbmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
108Lead, uncertaintyPb unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
109BismuthBimg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
110Bismuth, uncertaintyBi unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
111ThoriumThmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
112Thorium, uncertaintyTh unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
113UraniumUmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
114Uranium, uncertaintyU unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
115TelluriumTemg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
116Tellurium, uncertaintyTe unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
117Lead-207/Lead-204 ratio207Pb/204PbReese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
118Lead-207/Lead-204, uncertainty207Pb/204Pb unc±Reese, AnnaMulti-collector ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS), Nu Plasma IImeasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
119CalciumCamg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
120Calcium, uncertaintyCa unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
121PhosphorusPmg/kgReese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
122Phosphorus, uncertaintyP unc±Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
123Europium anomalyEu/Eu*Reese, AnnaElement analysis grain size fraction <63 µm via ICP-MS (total digest)measured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
124Europium, uncertaintyEu unc±Reese, Annameasured in sediment (grain size <63 µm)
Size:
4314 data points

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