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Reissig, Stefan; Nürnberg, Dirk; Bahr, André; Poggemann, David-Willem; Hoffmann, Julia (2019): Planktic foraminiferal Mg/Ca ratios of sediment cores in the tropical Atlantic. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Reissig, Stefan; Nürnberg, Dirk; Bahr, André; Poggemann, David-Willem; Hoffmann, J (2019): Southward Displacement of the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre Circulation System During North Atlantic Cold Spells. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, 866-885,

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During times of deglacial Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) perturbations, the tropical Atlantic experienced considerable warming at subsurface levels. Coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations corroborate the tight teleconnection between the tropical Atlantic and climate change at high northern latitudes, but still underestimate the relevance of the subsurface N Atlantic Subtropical Gyre (STG) for heat and salt storage and its sensitivity to rapid climatic change.
Here we reconstruct vertical and lateral temperature and salinity gradients in the tropical W Atlantic and the Caribbean over the last 30 kyrs, based on planktic deep and shallow dwelling foraminiferal Mg/Ca and δ18O-records. The rapid and large amplitude subsurface changes illustrate a dynamic STG associated with abrupt shifts of North Atlantic hydrographic and atmospheric regimes. We infer that during full glacial conditions, the STG has been shifted southward while intensified Ekman-downwelling associated to strengthened trade winds fostered the formation of warm and saline Salinity Maximum Water (SMW). The southward propagation of SMW was facilitated by the glacially eastward deflected North Brazil Current. During periods of significant AMOC perturbations (Heinrich Stadials 2, 1, and the Younger Dryas), extreme subsurface warming by ~6°C led to diminished lateral subsurface temperature gradients. Coevally, a deep thermocline suggests that SMW fully occupied the subsurface tropical W Atlantic and that the STG reached its southernmost position. During the Holocene, modern-like conditions gradually developed with the northward retreat of SMW and the development of a strong thermocline ridge between the Subtropical Gyre and the tropical W Atlantic.
Median Latitude: 14.074167 * Median Longitude: -66.584750 * South-bound Latitude: 11.608833 * West-bound Longitude: -72.205167 * North-bound Latitude: 16.539500 * East-bound Longitude: -60.964333
Date/Time Start: 2002-05-28T10:33:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-03-22T14:54:00
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