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PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Wörmer, Lars; Hoshino, Tatsuhiko; Bowles, Marshall W; Viehweger, Bernhard; Adhikari, Rishi Ram; Xiao, Nan; Uramoto, Goichiro; Könneke, Martin; Lazar, Cassandre Sara; Morono, Yuki; Inagaki, Fumio; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe (2018): Dipicolinic acid concentration in sediment samples. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.896621, Supplement to: Wörmer, L et al. (2019): Microbial dormancy in the marine subsurface: Global endospore abundance and response to burial. Science Advances, 5(2), eaav1024, https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav1024

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Abstract:
Marine sediments host an unexpectedly large microbial biosphere, suggesting unique microbial mechanisms for surviving burial and slow metabolic turnover. Although dormancy is generally considered an important survival strategy, its specific role in subsurface sediments remains unclear. We quantified dormant bacterial endospores in 331 marine sediment samples from diverse depositional types and geographical origins. The abundance of endospores relative to vegetative cells increased with burial depth and endospores became dominant below 25 m, with an estimated population of 2.5 × 1028 to 1.9 × 1029 endospores in the uppermost kilometer of sediment and a corresponding biomass carbon of 4.6 to 35 Pg surpassing that of vegetative cells. Our data further identify distinct endospore subgroups with divergent resistance to burial and aging. Endospores may shape the deep biosphere by providing a core population for colonization of new habitats and/or through low-frequency germination to sustain slow growth in this environment.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 17.006050 * Median Longitude: -4.461216 * South-bound Latitude: -45.964170 * West-bound Longitude: -165.644170 * North-bound Latitude: 58.622167 * East-bound Longitude: 142.201700
Date/Time Start: 2002-02-19T19:55:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-10-31T12:45:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.015 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 629.250 m
Event(s):
201-1226B * Latitude: -3.094480 * Longitude: -90.817980 * Date/Time Start: 2002-02-19T19:55:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-02-23T10:45:00 * Elevation: -3297.0 m * Penetration: 421.4 m * Recovery: 413.69 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg201 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 47 cores; 418.9 m cored; 2.5 m drilled; 98.8 % recovery
201-1226D * Latitude: -3.094100 * Longitude: -90.818010 * Date/Time Start: 2002-02-23T12:40:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-02-23T13:35:00 * Elevation: -3296.7 m * Penetration: 7.6 m * Recovery: 7.64 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg201 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 1 core; 7.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 100.5 % recovery
201-1226E * Latitude: -3.094050 * Longitude: -90.817980 * Date/Time: 2002-02-23T13:35:00 * Elevation: -3296.4 m * Penetration: 418.4 m * Recovery: 226.96 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg201 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 25 cores; 227.5 m cored; 190.9 m drilled; 99.8 % recovery
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventWörmer, Lars
2Latitude of eventLatitudeWörmer, Lars
3Longitude of eventLongitudeWörmer, Lars
4Elevation of eventElevationmWörmer, Lars
5Sample code/labelSample labelWörmer, Lars
6DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmWörmer, LarsGeocode – mbsf
7Dipicolinic acid concentration per g dry weightDPA concnmol/gWörmer, Lars
Size:
551 data points

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