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Silva, Cátia S E; Lemos, Marco F L; Faria, Ana M; Lopes, Ana F; Mendes, Susana; Gonçalves, Emanuel J; Novais, Sara C (2018): Seawater carbonate chemistry and behavioural lateralization, morphometry and biomarker of Atherina presbyter. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.893356, Supplement to: Silva, CSE et al. (2018): Sand smelt ability to cope and recover from ocean's elevated CO2 levels. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 154, 302-310, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.02.011

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Abstract:
Considered a major environmental concern, ocean acidification has induced a recent research boost into effects on marine biodiversity and possible ecological, physiological, and behavioural impacts. Although the majority of literature indicate negative effects of future acidification scenarios, most studies are conducted for just a few days or weeks, which may be insufficient to detect the capacity of an organism to adjust to environmental changes through phenotypic plasticity. Here, the effects and the capacity of sand smelt larvae Atherina presbyter to cope and recover (through a treatment combination strategy) from short (15 days) and long-term exposure (45 days) to increasing pCO2 levels (control: ~515 μatm, pH = 8.07; medium: ~940 μatm, pH = 7.84; high: ~1500 μatm, pH = 7.66) were measured, addressing larval development traits, behavioural lateralization, and biochemical biomarkers related with oxidative stress and damage, and energy metabolism and reserves. Although behavioural lateralization was not affected by high pCO2 exposure, morphometric changes, energetic costs, and oxidative stress damage were impacted differently through different exposures periods. Generally, short-time exposures led to different responses to either medium or high pCO2 levels (e.g. development, cellular metabolism, or damage), while on the long-term the response patterns tend to become similar between them, with both acidification scenarios inducing DNA damage and tending to lower growth rates. Additionally, when organisms were transferred to lower acidified condition, they were not able to recover from the mentioned DNA damage impacts.
Overall, results suggest that exposure to future ocean acidification scenarios can induce sublethal effects on early life-stages of fish, but effects are dependent on duration of exposure, and are likely not reversible. Furthermore, to improve our understanding on species sensitivity and adaptation strategies, results reinforce the need to use multiple biological endpoints when assessing the effects of ocean acidification on marine organisms.
Keyword(s):
Animalia; Atherina presbyter; Behaviour; Chordata; Coast and continental shelf; Containers and aquaria (20-1000 L or < 1 m**2); Growth/Morphology; Laboratory experiment; Nekton; North Atlantic; Other metabolic rates; Other studied parameter or process; Pelagos; Single species; Temperate
Further details:
Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Epitalon, Jean-Marie; Lavigne, Héloise; Orr, James C; Gentili, Bernard; Proye, Aurélien; Soetaert, Karline; Rae, James (2016): seacarb: seawater carbonate chemistry with R. R package version 3.1. https://cran.r-project.org/package=seacarb
Coverage:
Latitude: 38.480000 * Longitude: -8.983060
Date/Time Start: 2014-07-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2014-07-31T00:00:00
Event(s):
Portinho_da_Arrabida * Latitude: 38.480000 * Longitude: -8.983060 * Date/Time Start: 2014-07-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2014-07-31T00:00:00 * Method/Device: Experiment (EXP)
Comment:
In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2016) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2018-08-06.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1TypeTypeSilva, Cátia S Estudy
2SpeciesSpeciesSilva, Cátia S E
3Registration number of speciesReg spec noSilva, Cátia S E
4Uniform resource locator/link to referenceURL refSilva, Cátia S EWoRMS Aphia ID
5Incubation durationInc durdaysSilva, Cátia S E
6TreatmentTreatSilva, Cátia S E
7DiameterØmmSilva, Cátia S EEye
8LengthlmmSilva, Cátia S EHead
9HeighthmmSilva, Cátia S Edorsal
10LengthlmmSilva, Cátia S Ecaudal peduncle
11Length, standardI stdmmSilva, Cátia S EStandard
12LengthlmmSilva, Cátia S Etotal
13Catalase activity, per protein massCAT/protµmol/min/mgSilva, Cátia S E
14Superoxide dismutase activity, unit per protein massSOD/protU/mgSilva, Cátia S E
15DNA damage, per wet massDNA/WMµg/mgSilva, Cátia S E
16Lipid peroxidation, per wet massLPOnmol/mgSilva, Cátia S E
17Isocitrate dehydrogenase activity, per protein massIDH/protnmol/min/mgSilva, Cátia S E
18Lactate dehydrogenase activity, per protein massLDH/protnmol/min/mgSilva, Cátia S E
19CarbohydrateCarbohydratemJ/mgSilva, Cátia S Eper wet mass
20LipidLipidmJ/mgSilva, Cátia S Eper wet mass
21ProteinProteinmJ/mgSilva, Cátia S Eper wet mass
22Available energy, per wet massEa/WMmJ/mgSilva, Cátia S E
23Energy consumption, per wet massEc/WMmJ/mgSilva, Cátia S E
24LateralizationLatSilva, Cátia S Eabsolute
25LateralizationLatSilva, Cátia S Erelative
26pHpHSilva, Cátia S EPotentiometricNBS scale, before
27pH, standard deviationpH std dev±Silva, Cátia S EPotentiometricNBS scale, before
28Temperature, waterTemp°CSilva, Cátia S Ebefore
29Temperature, water, standard deviationTemp std dev±Silva, Cátia S Ebefore
30SalinitySalSilva, Cátia S Ebefore
31Salinity, standard deviationSal std dev±Silva, Cátia S Ebefore
32Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgSilva, Cátia S EPotentiometric titrationbefore
33Alkalinity, total, standard deviationAT std dev±Silva, Cátia S EPotentiometric titrationbefore
34Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmSilva, Cátia S ECalculated using CO2SYSbefore
35Partial pressure of carbon dioxide, standard deviationpCO2 std dev±Silva, Cátia S ECalculated using CO2SYSbefore
36pHpHSilva, Cátia S EPotentiometricNBS scale, after
37pH, standard deviationpH std dev±Silva, Cátia S EPotentiometricNBS scale, after
38Temperature, waterTemp°CSilva, Cátia S Eafter
39Temperature, water, standard deviationTemp std dev±Silva, Cátia S Eafter
40SalinitySalSilva, Cátia S Eafter
41Salinity, standard deviationSal std dev±Silva, Cátia S Eafter
42Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgSilva, Cátia S EPotentiometric titrationafter
43Alkalinity, total, standard deviationAT std dev±Silva, Cátia S EPotentiometric titrationafter
44Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmSilva, Cátia S ECalculated using CO2SYSafter
45Partial pressure of carbon dioxide, standard deviationpCO2 std dev±Silva, Cátia S ECalculated using CO2SYSafter
46Carbonate system computation flagCSC flagYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
47pHpHYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)total scale, before
48Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
49Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
50Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
51Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
52Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
53Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
54Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
55Calcite saturation stateOmega CalYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)before
56pHpHYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)total scale, after
57Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
58Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
59Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
60Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
61Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
62Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
63Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
64Calcite saturation stateOmega CalYang, YanCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)after
Size:
8548 data points

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