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Pereira, Lígia Sauaya; Arz, Helge Wolfgang; Pätzold, Jürgen; Portilho-Ramos, Rodrigo Costa (2018): High-resolution paleoproductivity records of sediment core GeoB2107-3. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Pereira, LS et al. (2018): Productivity evolution in the South Brazilian Bight during the last 40,000 years. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 33(12), 1339-1356,

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Marine productivity largely controls the oceanic uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide and contributed to the global climate changes that led to the termination of the last glacial cycle. Past changes in marine productivity were presumably associated with disturbances in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). In the South Atlantic, however, the evolution of marine productivity throughout the last glacial–interglacial cycle is still poorly constrained mainly due to the scarcity of records with high temporal resolution. Here we present high‐resolution records of paleoproductivity and upper‐water‐column properties from the western subtropical South Atlantic covering the last 40,000 years. Our records are based on faunal and stable oxygen isotopic analyses of planktonic foraminifera from a marine sediment core collected from an upwelling region off southeastern South America (27°S). We used the relative abundance of eutrophic planktonic foraminifera (i.e., Globigerinita glutinata and Globigerina bulloides) as proxies of primary productivity. Our findings reveal, for the first time, enhanced primary productivity during Heinrich Stadials along the last glacial, when the AMOC showed reduced strength. Additionally, our results reveal decreased primary productivity over the Last Glacial Maximum, a period of markedly lower sea level; and the Younger Dryas, when the AMOC showed only moderate reductions. The most outstanding productivity decline, however, is depicted at the onset of the Holocene, when the AMOC recovers its strength. We hypothesize that the observed changes were triggered by the dynamics of the Brazil Current primarily driven by disturbances in the AMOC.
Latitude: -27.176667 * Longitude: -46.451667
Date/Time Start: 1993-03-04T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1993-03-04T00:00:00
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