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Gischler, Eberhard; Kuhn, Gerhard (2018): Grain size distribution and documentation of Bermuda North Lagoon sediments. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Gischler, E; Kuhn, G (2018): Anatomy of the Holocene inundation of an isolated carbonate platform: Bermuda North Lagoon, western Atlantic. The Depositional Record,

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The detailed Holocene inundation history of the Bermuda North Lagoon may be used as model for transgressive and highstand sequences in carbonate platforms. Sedimentation and facies development were controlled largely by sea-level rise and antecedent topography. Four late Pleistocene to Holocene sequences may be identified in North Lagoon based on a combined analysis of 200 km shallow reflection seismics and 40 cores including 28 radiometric and U/Th-ages. The sequences were deposited during sea-level highstands and are separated by subaerial exposure horizons that formed during sea-level lowstands. Sequence 1 (inferred MIS 7) consists of well cemented carbonate sands. Sequence 2 (MIS 5) is up to 20 m thick and consists of well sorted, inter-reefal sands and reef sediments with mound-like structures. Sequence 3 (inferred MIS 3) is up to ca 6 m thick and accumulated in topographic lows of the underlying sequences some 20 m below modern sea level. Sequence 4 (MIS 1, Holocene) includes lagoonal sediments up to 10 m thick, and reefs that accumulated on topographic highs of the MIS 5 sequences. Holocene sediments in topographic lows include peat, peaty sediment, freshwater mud, restricted marine carbonates, and open lagoonal carbonate sediments deposited in seagrass beds, shallow water, and deeper lagoon areas. Upward fining is an expression of deepening and the development of a reef-protected lagoon environment. Holocene sedimentation on topographic highs usually lacks fresh water and transitional facies and starts with shallow marine mollusc shell accumulations overlain by carbonate sediments that show fining upward. Packstone (68%), wackestone (22%), grainstone (9%), and mudstone (1%) textures occur in cores, with Halimeda, molluscs, coralline algae, and foraminifera being the most common constituent particles; coral fragments are rare. During the Holocene, an estimated volume of 1 km3 of carbonate sediments were deposited in North Lagoon. Average sedimentation rates are estimated to be 0.32 m/kyr.
Related to:
Kuhn, Gerhard (1984): Sedimentations-Geschichte der Bermuda North Lagoon im Holozän (Sedimentation history of the Bermuda North Lagoon during the Holocene). PhD thesis, Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut der Universität Göttingen., 271 pp, hdl:10013/epic.13cde5f7-4405-4b7d-b350-7acc9161d12b
Meischner, Dieter; Torunski, H; Kuhn, Gerhard (1981): High-energy pneumatic vibration corer for subaqueous sediments. Senckenbergiana Maritima, 13(4), 179-191, hdl:10013/epic.21486
Median Latitude: 32.367674 * Median Longitude: -64.819344 * South-bound Latitude: 32.275830 * West-bound Longitude: -65.039000 * North-bound Latitude: 32.517000 * East-bound Longitude: -64.635000
Date/Time Start: 1979-08-13T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1979-09-07T00:00:00
Bermuda sediment cores are stored at the MARUM core repository, Bremen.
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