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Purser, Autun; Marcon, Yann; Boetius, Antje (2018): Seafloor images from the Peru Basin Disturbance and Colonization (DISCOL) area collected during SO242/2. Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890634

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Abstract:
The scientific work during SO242/2 (28. August - 01. October 2015) was part of the JPIO Pilot Action 'Ecological Aspects of Deep-Sea Mining'. The main goal was to study the potential long-term ecological impact o anthropogenic disturbances on the deep-sea floor from mining polymetallic Mn-nodules. The expedition SO242 built on studies of the former German TUSCH projects (1989- 1996) with four RV SONNE cruises to the DISCOL Experimental Area in the Peru Basin, South Pacific (7°S, 88.5° W; 4150 m water depth) between 1989 and 1996 (DISCOL and ATESEPP projects).The integrated ecological studies were carried out within and next to plough tracks of the original DISCOL experiment 1989, which mimicked seafloor disturbances similar to those occurring during nodule mining. Leg 242/2 extended the investigations started during leg 242/1 with a focus on biogeochemical and biological sampling and observations, including comparative studies of the composition of benthic communities (all size classes) as well as of ecosystem functions (remineralization rates, transfer of matter and energy in food webs, ecotoxicology). In addition, observations were continued of the physicochemical characteristics of the DEA, including the overlying benthic boundary layer. The nodule fields surrounding the DEA were used as references for undisturbed areas. A large proportion of the work was based on autonomous instruments and sensor modules that were deployed by means of ROV and lander systems. In addition, ROV-manipulated and telemetry guided instruments such as the Ocean Floor Observatory System (OFOS) were used for targeted sampling and surveys. Food-web experiments including some small-scale disturbances were carried out and sampled directly at the seafloor by the ROV.
In this dataset, we present the raw image data collected by the OFOS system.
The OFOS is a towed underwater camera system equipped with both a high-resolution photo-camera (iSiTEC, CANON EOS 5D Mark III) and a high-definition video-camera (iSiTEC, Sony FCB-H11)
The cameras are mounted on a steel frame (140L x 92W x 135H cm), together with two strobe lights (iSiTEC UW-Blitz 250, TTL driven), three laser pointers at a distance of 50 cm from each other that were used to estimate the size of seafloor structures, four LED lights, a Tritech Altimeter, and a USBL positioning system (Posidonia) to track the position of the OFOS during deployments.
In total, 21 OFOS deployments were carried out during the cruise. Deployments were mostly focused within and around the DISCOL Experimental Area (DEA), where disturbance experiments had been carried out during previous work in the area. The selection of the tracks was done in such a way as to survey areas of the seafloor with different levels of disturbance according to the classification proposed by Bluhm et al. (1995): disturbed areas (plough marks within the DEA), undisturbed areas (areas outside the plough marks but within the DEA) and the reference areas (outside the DEA). However, we created one additional category to define the areas of the DEA that were recently disturbed with the Epi-Benthic Sledge (EBS) during cruise SO242/1.
Related to:
Purser, Autun; Marcon, Yann; Hoving, Henk-Jan T; Vecchione, Michael; Piatkowski, Uwe; Eason, Deborah; Bluhm, Hartmut; Boetius, Antje (2016): Association of deep-sea incirrate octopods with manganese crusts and nodule fields in the Pacific Ocean. Current Biology, 26(24), R1268-R1269, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.10.052
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -7.084966 * Median Longitude: -88.459476 * South-bound Latitude: -7.132704 * West-bound Longitude: -88.538625 * North-bound Latitude: -7.050709 * East-bound Longitude: -88.413825
Date/Time Start: 2015-08-31T03:32:59 * Date/Time End: 2015-09-28T11:34:17
Size:
20 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_139-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890615
  2. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_143-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890616
  3. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_155-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890617
  4. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_160-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890618
  5. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_164-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890619
  6. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_171-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890620
  7. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_174-1 during SONNE cruise SO 242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890964
  8. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_177-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890621
  9. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_184-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890622
  10. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_189-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890623
  11. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_195-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890624
  12. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_197-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890625
  13. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_203-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890626
  14. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_206-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890627
  15. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_212-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890628
  16. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_220-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890629
  17. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_223-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890630
  18. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_227-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890631
  19. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_231-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890632
  20. Purser, A; Marcon, Y; Boetius, A (2018): Seabed photographs taken along OFOS profile SO242/2_233-1 during SONNE cruise SO242/2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890633