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Schumacher, Maike; King, Matt; Rougier, Jonathan C; Sha, Zhe; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Bamber, Jonathan L (2018): A new global GPS dataset for testing and improving modelled GIA uplift rates. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Schumacher, M et al. (2018): A new global GPS data set for testing and improving modelled GIA uplift rates. Geophysical Journal International, 214(3), 2164-2176,

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We have produced a global dataset of ~4000 GPS vertical velocities that can be used as observational estimates of glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) uplift rates. GIA is the response of the solid Earth to past ice loading, primarily, since the Last Glacial Maximum, about 20 K yrs BP. Modelling GIA is challenging because of large uncertainties in ice loading history and also the viscosity of the upper and lower mantle. GPS data contain the signature of GIA in their uplift rates but these also contain other sources of vertical land motion (VLM) such as tectonics, human and natural influences on water storage that can mask the underlying GIA signal.
A novel fully-automatic strategy was developed to post-process the GPS time series and to correct for non-GIA artefacts. Before estimating vertical velocities and uncertainties, we detected outliers and jumps and corrected for atmospheric mass loading displacements. We corrected the resulting velocities for the elastic response of the solid Earth to global changes in ice sheets, glaciers, and ocean loading, as well as for changes in the Earth's rotational pole relative to the 20th century average. We then applied a spatial median filter to remove sites where local effects were dominant to leave approximately 4000 GPS sites.
The resulting novel global GPS dataset shows a clean GIA signal at all post-processed stations and is suitable to investigate the behaviour of global GIA forward models. The results are transformed from a frame with its origin in the centre of mass of the total Earth's system (CM) into a frame with its origin in the centre of mass of the solid Earth (CE) before comparison with 13 global GIA forward model solutions, with best fits with Pur-6-VM5 and ICE-6G predictions. The largest discrepancies for all models were identified for Antarctica and Greenland, which may be due to either uncertain mantle rheology, ice loading history/magnitude and/or GPS errors.
Median Latitude: 32.438997 * Median Longitude: -22.328946 * South-bound Latitude: -87.415704 * West-bound Longitude: -176.617115 * North-bound Latitude: 83.643240 * East-bound Longitude: 179.196562
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Station labelStationSchumacher, MaikeGPS station name
2LONGITUDELongitudeSchumacher, MaikeGeocode
3LATITUDELatitudeSchumacher, MaikeGeocode
4Velocity, verticalV vertmm/aSchumacher, Maike
5Velocity, vertical, standard deviationV vert std dev±Schumacher, Maike
12216 data points

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