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Kopte, Robert; Brandt, Peter; Claus, Martin; Greatbatch, Richard J; Dengler, Marcus (2018): Multi-year moored velocity observations of the Angola Current near 11°S and the central equatorial Atlantic at 23°W. PANGAEA, (dataset in review)

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Multiyear moored velocity observations of the Angola Current near 11°S reveal a weak southward mean flow superimposed by substantial intraseasonal to seasonal variability, including annual and semiannual cycles with distinct baroclinic structures. In the equatorial Atlantic these oscillations are associated with basin-mode resonances of the fourth and second baroclinic modes, respectively. Here, the role of basin-mode resonance and local forcing for the Angola Current seasonality is investigated. A suite of linear shallow-water models for the tropical Atlantic is employed, each model representing a single baroclinic mode forced at a specific period. The annually and semiannually oscillating forcing is given by 1) an idealized zonally uniform zonal forcing restricted to the equatorial band corresponding to a remote equatorial forcing or 2) realistic, spatially varying Fourier components of wind stress data that include local forcing off Angola, particularly alongshore winds. Model-computed modal amplitudes are scaled to match moored velocity observations from the equatorial Atlantic. The observed annual cycle of alongshore velocity at 11°S is well reproduced by the remote equatorial forcing. Including local forcing slightly improves the agreement between observed and simulated semiannual oscillations at 11°S compared to the purely equatorial forcing. However, the model-computed semiannual cycle lacks amplitude at middepth. This could be the result of either underestimating the strength of the second equatorial basin mode of the fourth baroclinic mode or other processes not accounted for in the shallow-water models. Overall, the findings underline the importance of large-scale linear equatorial wave dynamics for the seasonal variability of the boundary circulation off Angola.
Supplement to:
Kopte, Robert; Brandt, Peter; Claus, Martin; Greatbatch, Richard J; Dengler, Marcus (2018): Role of Equatorial Basin-Mode Resonance for the Seasonal Variability of the Angola Current at 11°S. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 48(2), 261-281,
Related to:
Krahmann, Gerd (2017): Physical oceanography from mooring KPO_1106 and KPO_1107. PANGAEA,
German Science Foundation (DFG), grant/award no. 27542298: Climate - Biogeochemistry Interactions in the Tropical Ocean
Median Latitude: -1.805433 * Median Longitude: -17.083761 * South-bound Latitude: -10.837500 * West-bound Longitude: -23.115330 * North-bound Latitude: 0.016850 * East-bound Longitude: 12.999333
Date/Time Start: 2011-06-03T14:55:00 * Date/Time End: 2018-03-01T14:20:00
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