Not logged in
PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Maier, Edith; Zhang, Xu; Abelmann, Andrea; Gersonde, Rainer; Mulitza, Stefan; Werner, Martin; Méheust, Marie; Ren, Jian; Chapligin, Bernhard; Meyer, Hanno; Stein, Ruediger; Tiedemann, Ralf; Lohmann, Gerrit (2018): Paleoceanographic proxies of sediment core SO202-27-6. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887506, Supplement to: Maier, E et al. (2018): North Pacific freshwater events linked to glacial ocean circulation changes. Nature, 559, 241-245, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0276-y

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Abstract:
There is compelling evidence that episodic deposition of large volumes of freshwater into the oceans strongly influenced global ocean circulation and climate variability during glacial periods (Maslin et al., 1995, doi:10.1029/94PA03040; Kageyama et al., 2013, doi:10.5194/cp-9-935-2013). In the North Atlantic region, episodes of massive freshwater discharge to the North Atlantic Ocean were related to distinct cold periods known as Heinrich Stadials Maslin et al., 1995, doi:10.1029/94PA03040; Kageyama et al., 2013, doi:10.5194/cp-9-935-2013; Böhm et al., 2013, doi:10.1038/nature14059). By contrast, the freshwater history of the North Pacific region remains unclear, giving rise to persistent debates about the existence and possible magnitude of climate links between the North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans during Heinrich Stadials (Praetorius and Mix, 2014, doi:10.1126/science.1252000; Menviel et al., 2014, doi:10.1002/2013PA002542). Here we find that there was a strong connection between changes in North Atlantic circulation during Heinrich Stadials and injections of freshwater from the North American Cordilleran Ice Sheet to the northeastern North Pacific. Our record of diatom δ18O (a measure of the ratio of the stable oxygen isotopes 18O and 16O) over the past 50,000 years shows a decrease in surface seawater δ18O of two to three per thousand, corresponding to a decline in salinity of roughly two to four practical salinity units. This coincided with enhanced deposition of ice-rafted debris and a slight cooling of the sea surface in the northeastern North Pacific during Heinrich Stadials 1 and 4, but not during Heinrich Stadial 3. Furthermore, results from our isotope-enabled model (Werner et al., 2016, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-647-2016) suggest that warming of the eastern Equatorial Pacific during Heinrich Stadials was crucial for transmitting the North Atlantic signal to the northeastern North Pacific, where the associated subsurface warming resulted in a discernible freshwater discharge from the Cordilleran Ice Sheet during Heinrich Stadials 1 and 4. However, enhanced background cooling across the northern high latitudes during Heinrich Stadial 3 -the coldest period in the past 50,000 years (North Greenland Ice Core Project members, 2004, doi:10.1038/nature02805) -prevented subsurface warming of the northeastern North Pacific and thus increased freshwater discharge from the Cordilleran Ice Sheet. In combination, our results show that nonlinear ocean–atmosphere background interactions played a complex role in the dynamics linking the freshwater discharge responses of the North Atlantic and North Pacific during glacial periods.
Coverage:
Latitude: 54.296200 * Longitude: -149.600200
Date/Time Start: 2009-08-02T08:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-08-02T08:30:00
Event(s):
SO202/1_27-6 * Latitude: 54.296200 * Longitude: -149.600200 * Date/Time: 2009-08-02T08:30:00 * Elevation: -2919.0 m * Recovery: 2.92 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: SO202/1 (INOPEX) * Basis: Sonne * Device: Kasten corer (KAL) * Comment: core top slanted, resulting in length between 2.88-2.92 m, KAL tube damaged above sediment, core catcher sample up to 3.13 m
Size:
11 datasets

Download Data

Download ZIP file containing all datasets as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )

Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Contamination of purified diatom samples with non-biogenic silicates estimated from SiO2 and Al2O3 percentages determined by EDS of sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887980
  2. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Contamination of purified diatom samples with non-biogenic silicates estimated from SiO2 and Al2O3 percentages determined by ICP-OES of sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887981
  3. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Diatom isotope sample composition of sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.888181
  4. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Ice rafted debris in sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887978
  5. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Radiocarbon ages of sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887984
  6. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Sea surface salinity reconstruction for sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887985
  7. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Sea surface temperature reconstruction for sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887967
  8. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Sea surface δ¹⁸O reconstruction for sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887986
  9. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Stable oxygen isotope record of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma s of sediment core SO202/1_27-6, ICP-OES. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887982
  10. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): Stable oxygen isotope record of diatom silica of sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887504
  11. Maier, E; Zhang, X; Abelmann, A et al. (2018): X-ray fluorescence measurements on sediment core SO202/1_27-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.887505