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Bode, Maya; Hagen, Wilhelm; Cornils, Astrid; Kaiser, Patricia; Auel, Holger (2018): Abundance and distribution of planktonic Copepoda during POLARSTERN cruise PS81 (ANTXXIX/1). University of Bremen, Marine Zoology, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.884570, Supplement to: Bode, M et al. (2018): Copepod distribution and biodiversity patterns from the surface to the deep sea along a latitudinal transect in the eastern Atlantic Ocean (24°N to 21°S). Progress in Oceanography, 161, 66-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2018.01.010

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Abstract:
Vertical distribution, community structure and diversity of calanoid copepods were studied at six stations along a latitudinal transect from 24°N to 21°S in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, resolving nine discrete depth layers to 2000 m. Total copepod abundances integrated from 0-2000 m ranged from 148,000 to 197,000 ind m-2. Usually, abundance and biomass were highest in the upper 100 m, exponentially decreasing with increasing depth. Only at the northern and southernmost stations, a deeper biomass maximum was observed at 100-200 m and 200-400 m, respectively. In total, 26 families, 79 genera and at least 172 species were identified among calanoid copepods. Although there were certain regional differences in species composition between tropical and subtropical stations from north to south, depth had the strongest impact on the community structure of calanoids, resulting in statistically distinct communities in different depth zones. Maximum diversity of calanoids was observed between 100-200 m in the tropical zone and between 400-700 m in subtropical regions. Various interacting mechanisms such as vast spatial extent of the ecosystem, physical stability, avoidance from predators under dim light, small population sizes and high biologically generated heterogeneity possibly contribute to the biodiversity maxima in the twilight zone.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 2.622472 * Median Longitude: -11.208362 * South-bound Latitude: -20.990830 * West-bound Longitude: -20.522330 * North-bound Latitude: 23.686170 * East-bound Longitude: 5.995000
Date/Time Start: 2012-11-06T12:58:00 * Date/Time End: 2012-11-22T15:21:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 25 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 1750 m
Event(s):
PS81/005-6 * Latitude: 23.686170 * Longitude: -20.165330 * Date/Time: 2012-11-06T12:58:00 * Elevation: -3860.2 m * Location: Canarias Sea * Campaign: ANT-XXIX/1 (PS81) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Multiple opening/closing net (MSN)
PS81/008-6 * Latitude: 15.252330 * Longitude: -20.522330 * Date/Time: 2012-11-09T12:20:00 * Elevation: -3991.7 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: ANT-XXIX/1 (PS81) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Multiple opening/closing net (MSN)
PS81/009-4 * Latitude: 8.482830 * Longitude: -18.611670 * Date/Time: 2012-11-11T10:47:00 * Elevation: -4736.0 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: ANT-XXIX/1 (PS81) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Multiple opening/closing net (MSN)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEventBode, Maya
2Date/Time of eventDate/TimeBode, Maya
3Latitude of eventLatitudeBode, Maya
4Longitude of eventLongitudeBode, Maya
5Elevation of eventElevationmBode, Maya
6DEPTH, waterDepth watermBode, MayaGeocode
7Depth, top/minDepth topmBode, Maya
8Depth, bottom/maxDepth botmBode, Maya
9VolumeVolm3Bode, Maya
10CommentCommentBode, Maya
11Calanoida, totalCalanoida tot#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
12Acartia spp.Acartia spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
13Aetideidae, copepoditesAetideidae c#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
14Aetideopsis carinataA. carinata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
15Aetideopsis rostrataA. rostrata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
16Aetideopsis sp.Aetideopsis sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
17Aetideus acutusA. acutus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
18Aetideus arcuatusA. arcuatus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
19Aetideus armatusA. armatus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
20Aetideus bradyiA. bradyi#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
21Aetideus giesbrechtiA. giesbrechti#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
22Chiridiella smokiC. smoki#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
23Chiridiella sp.Chiridiella sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
24Chiridius spp.Chiridius spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaChiridius poppei, Chiridius gracilis
25Chirundina streetsiiC. streetsii#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
26Euchirella amoenaE. amoena#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
27Euchirella curticaudaE. curticauda#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
28Euchirella pulchraE. pulchra#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
29Euchirella rostrataE. rostrata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
30Euchirella splendensE. splendens#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
31Euchirella spp.Euchirella spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
32Gaetanus armigerG. armiger#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
33Gaetanus brevicornisG. brevicornis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
34Gaetanus brevispinusG. brevispinus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
35Gaetanus kruppiiG. kruppii#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
36Gaetanus latifronsG. latifrons#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
37Gaetanus milesG. miles#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
38Gaetanus minorG. minor#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
39Gaetanus pileatusG. pileatus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
40Gaetanus tenuispinusG. tenuispinus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
41Gaetanus spp.Gaetanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
42Pseudochirella sp.Pseudochirella sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
43Undeuchaeta cf. majorU. cf. major#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
44Valdiviella sp.Valdiviella sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
45Arietellus spp.Arietellus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
46Paraugaptilus sp.Paraugaptilus sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
47AugaptilidaeAugaptilidae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
48Augaptilus longicaudatusA. longicaudatus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
49Augaptilus megalurusA. megalurus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
50Augaptilus spp.Augaptilus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
51Centraugaptilus sp.Centraugaptilus sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
52Euaugaptilus spp.Euaugaptilus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
53Haloptilus acutifronsH. acutifrons#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
54Haloptilus austiniH. austini#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
55Haloptilus fonsHaloptilus fons#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
56Haloptilus spp.Haloptilus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaHaloptilus longicirrus, Haloptilus longicornis
57Haloptilus mucronatusH. mucronatus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
58Haloptilus oxycephalusH. oxycephalus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
59Haloptilus plumosusH. plumosus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
60Haloptilus spinicepsH. spiniceps#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
61Haloptilus spp.Haloptilus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
62Pseudhaloptilus sp.Pseudhaloptilus sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
63Temorites brevisT. brevis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
64Temorites elongataT. elongata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
65Temorites minorT. minor#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
66Temorites sarsiT. sarsi#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
67Temorites spp.Temorites spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
68Undinella spp.Undinella spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
69Calanidae, copepoditesCalanidae c#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
70Calanoides natalisC. natalis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
71Calanus sp.Calanus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
72Mesocalanus tenuicornisM. tenuicornis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
73Nannocalanus minorN. minor#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
74Neocalanus gracilisN. gracilis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
75Neocalanus robustiorN. robustior#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
76Undinula vulgarisU. vulgaris#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
77Candacia spp.Candacia spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
78Centropages bradyiC. bradyi#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
79Clausocalanus spp.Clausocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
80Ctenocalanus vanusC. vanus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
81Farrania spp.Farrania spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
82Microcalanus spp.Microcalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
83Disco spp.Disco spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
84Eucalanus hyalinusE. hyalinus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
85Pareucalanus cf. sewelliP. cf. Sewelli#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
86Rhincalanus cornutusR. cornutus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
87Rhincalanus nasutusR. nasutus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
88Subeucalanus mucronatusS. mucronatus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
89Subeucalanus spp.Subeucalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaSubeucalanus pileatus, Subeucalanus monachus
90Subeucalanus subtenuisS. subtenuis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
91Euchaetidae, copepoditesEuchaetidae c#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
92Euchaeta acutaE. acuta#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
93Euchaeta marinaE. marina#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
94Euchaeta mediaE. media#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
95Euchaeta paraconcinnaE. paraconcinna#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
96Euchaeta spp.Euchaeta spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
97Paraeuchaeta aequatorialisP. aequatorialis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
98Paraeuchaeta spp.Paraeuchaeta spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaParaeuchaeta exigua, Paraeuchaeta pseudodontosa
99Paraeuchaeta gracilisP. gracilis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
100Paraeuchaeta sp.Paraeuchaeta sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
101Temoropia mayumbaensisT. mayumbaensis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
102Temoropia minorT. minor#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
103Disseta palumbiiD. palumbii#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
104Hemirhabdus sp.Hemirhabdus sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
105Heterorhabdus spp.Heterorhabdus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaHeterorhabdus lobatus, Heterorhabdus papilliger
106Heterorhabdus spinifronsH. spinifrons#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
107Heterorhabdus spp.Heterorhabdus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
108Heterostylites majorH. major#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
109Paraheterorhabdus cf. compactusP. cf. compactus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
110Lucicutia auritaL. aurita#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
111Lucicutia bicornutaL. bicornuta#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
112Lucicutia curtaL. curta#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
113Lucicutia grandisL. grandis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
114Lucicutia lucidaL. lucida#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
115Lucicutia macroceraL. macrocera#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
116Lucicutia magnaL. magna#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
117Lucicutia wolfendeniL. wolfendeni#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
118Lucicutia spp.Lucicutia spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda< 2mm
119Mecynocera clausiM. clausi#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
120Megacalanus princepsM. princeps#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
121Gaussia princepsG. princeps#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
122Metridia brevicaudaM. brevicauda#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
123Metridia curticaudaM. curticauda#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
124Metridia discretaM. discreta#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
125Metridia effusaM. effusa#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
126Metridia lucensM. lucens#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
127Metridia princepsM. princeps#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
128Metridia venustaM. venusta#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
129Metridia spp., copepoditesMetridia spp. c#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
130Pleuromamma abdominalisP. abdominalis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
131Pleuromamma borealisP. borealis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
132Pleuromamma spp.Pleuromamma spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaPleuromamma gracilis, Pleuromamma piseki
133Pleuromamma quadrungulataP. quadrungulata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
134Pleuromamma robustaP. robusta#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
135Pleuromamma xiphiasP. xiphias#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
136Pleuromamma spp.Pleuromamma spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda< 2 mm
137Nullosetigera bidentataN. bidentata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
138Nullosetigera helgaeN. helgae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
139Nullosetigera imparN. impar#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
140Nullosetigera muticaN. mutica#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
141Nullosetigera spp.Nullosetigera spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
142Acrocalanus spp.Acrocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
143Calocalanus spp.Calocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
144Delibus cf. nudusD. cf. nudus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
145Paracalanus spp.Paracalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
146PhaennidaePhaennidae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
147Cephalophanes spp.Cephalophanes spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
148Onchocalanus sp.Onchocalanus sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
149Phaenna spiniferaP. spinifera#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
150Labidocera spp.Labidocera spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
151Pontellina spp.Pontellina spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
152ScolecitrichidaeScolecitrichidae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
153Amallothrix spp.Amallothrix spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
154Brodskius cf. paululusB. cf. paululus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
155Falsilandrumius sp.Falsilandrumius sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
156Heteramalla sarsiH. sarsi#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
157Lophothrix frontalisL. frontalis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
158Lophothrix humilifronsL. humilifrons#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
159Lophothrix latipesL. latipes#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
160Lophothrix quadrispinosaL. quadrispinosa#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
161Lophothrix similisL. similis#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
162Lophothrix spp.Lophothrix spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
163Pseudoamallothrix spp.Pseudoamallothrix spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
164Scaphocalanus spp.Scaphocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodaScaphocalanus magnus, Scaphocalanus affinis
165Scaphocalanus spp.Scaphocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
166Scolecithricella maritimaS. maritima#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
167Scolecithricella vittataS. vittata#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
168Scolecithricella spp.Scolecithricella spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
169Scolecitrichopsis ctenopusS. ctenopus#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
170Scolecitrichopsis tenuipesS. tenuipes#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
171Scolecitrichopsis sp.Scolecitrichopsis sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
172Scolecithrix bradyiS. bradyi#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
173Scolecithrix danaeS. danae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
174Scottocalanus helenaeS. helenae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
175Scottocalanus persecansS. persecans#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
176Scottocalanus securifronsS. securifrons#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
177Mimocalanus spp.Mimocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
178Monacilla teneraM. tenera#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
179Monacilla typicaM. typica#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
180Mospicalanus sp.Mospicalanus sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
181Spinocalanus spp.Spinocalanus spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
182Teneriforma spp.Teneriforma spp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
183Temora styliferaT. stylifera#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
184Tharybis sp.Tharybis sp.#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
185Calanoida, copepoditesCalanoida c#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepodanot identified
186OithonidaeOithonidae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
187OncaeidaeOncaeidae#/m3Bode, MayaCounting, copepoda
Size:
9412 data points

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