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Bellworthy, Jessica; Gledhill, Martha; Esposito, Mario; Achterberg, Eric Pieter (2017): Heme b concentrations determined in particulate material collected from 10 mesocosm (M1-10) situated in Gllmar Fjord in 2013 and from a control site in the Fjord waters (Fjord). GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.884277, Supplement to: Bellworthy, J et al. (2017): Abundance of the iron containing biomolecule, heme b, during the progression of a spring phytoplankton bloom in a mesocosm experiment. PLoS ONE, 12(4), e0176268, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176268

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Abstract:
Concentrations of heme b were determined in a mesocosm experiment situated in Gullmar Fjord off Sweden. The mesocosm experiment lasted for ca. one hundred days and was characterised by the growth of a primary nutrient replete and a secondary nutrient deplete phytoplankton bloom. Heme b varied between 40 ± 10 pmol/l in the prebloom period up to a maximum of 700 ± 400 pmol/l just prior to the time of the primary chlorophyll a maximum. Thereafter, heme b concentrations decreased again to an average of 120 ± 60 pmol/l. When normalised to total particulate carbon, heme b was most abundant during the initiation of the nutrient replete spring bloom, when ratios reached 52 ± 24 µmol/mol; ten times higher than values observed both pre and post the primary bloom. Concentrations of heme b correlated with those of chlorophyll a. Nevertheless, differences were observed in the relative concentrations of the two parameters, with heme b concentrations increasing relative to chlorophyll a during the growth of the primary bloom, decreasing over the period of the secondary bloom and increasing again through the latter period of the experiment. Heme b abundance was therefore influenced by nutrient concentrations and also likely by changing community composition. In half of the mesocosms, pCO2 was elevated and maintained at ca.1000 µatm, however we observed no significant differences between heme b in plus or ambient pCO2 mesocosms, either in absolute terms, or relative to total particulate carbon and chlorophyll a. The results obtained in this study contribute to our understanding of the distribution of this significant component of the biogenic iron pool, and provide an iron replete coastal water end member that aids the interpretation of the distributions of heme b in more iron deplete open ocean waters.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 58.266254 * Median Longitude: 11.478413 * South-bound Latitude: 58.263889 * West-bound Longitude: 11.477300 * North-bound Latitude: 58.268800 * East-bound Longitude: 11.479500
Date/Time Start: 2013-03-10T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-06-14T00:00:00
Event(s):
KOSMOS_2013_Fjord (Kristineberg, Sweden) * Latitude: 58.263889 * Longitude: 11.479444 * Date/Time Start: 2013-03-07T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-06-28T23:59:00 * Location: Gullmar Fjord, Skagerrak, Sweden * Campaign: KOSMOS 2013 * Method/Device: Mesocosm experiment (MESO)
KOSMOS_2013_Mesocosm-M1 * Latitude: 58.268800 * Longitude: 11.478000 * Date/Time Start: 2013-03-07T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-06-28T23:59:00 * Location: Gullmar Fjord, Skagerrak, Sweden * Campaign: KOSMOS 2013 * Method/Device: Mesocosm experiment (MESO)
KOSMOS_2013_Mesocosm-M10 * Latitude: 58.266600 * Longitude: 11.478700 * Date/Time Start: 2013-03-07T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-06-28T23:59:00 * Location: Gullmar Fjord, Skagerrak, Sweden * Campaign: KOSMOS 2013 * Method/Device: Mesocosm experiment (MESO)
Comment:
Heme b (nmol L-1 seawater) determined in particles >0.7 µm size. Detection limt 0.009 ± 0.008 nmol L-1 seawater.
Samples were collected using an integrated 5l Water Sampler (IWS; Hydro-Bios, Kiel, Germany), which enabled collection of integrated water sample for 0-18 meters depth.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEventGledhill, Martha
2DATE/TIMEDate/TimeGledhill, MarthaGeocode
3Mesocosm labelMeso labelGledhill, Martha
4Heme bC34H32O4N4Fenmol/lGledhill, Martha
Size:
522 data points

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