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Hoving, Henk-Jan T; Robison, Bruce H (2017): Estimation growth rates of deep-sea squids via increment validation and quantification in statoliths. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Hoving, H-JT; Robison, BH (2017): The pace of life in deep-dwelling squids. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 126, 40-49,

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We test the hypothesis that deep-sea squid show increased longevity and reduced growth rates compared to coastal and epipelagic species, by validation experiments and quantification of statolith increments of three deep-sea squids from the Monterey Submarine Canyon. The periodicity of statolith increment formation in coastal species is daily, but is unknown for deep-sea squid. Between 2010 and 2013, specimens of Chiroteuthis calyx, Galiteuthis phyllura and Octopoteuthis deletron were captured by remotely operated vehicles and trawl nets off California. ROV-captured living squid were immersed in tetracycline and kept alive in the lab for between 3 and 14 days. Correlating the number of elapsed days with the number of newly deposited statolith increments, and statolith growth after the fluorescent tetracycline mark, provided evidence of regular and daily increment deposition, in C. calyx and O. deletron. This relationship was less strong in G. phyllura and the one-increment-per-day hypothesis was not accepted for this species. Reconstructing growth rates based on statolith counts and wet weights from animals of a wide size range suggest that O. deletron is a slower growing squid (0.59% BW/day) than C. calyx (1.3 % BW/day) and G. phyllura (1.2 % BW/day). Octopoteuthis deletron matures at around two years, the oldest C. calyx was a mature male of 1.5 years and the eldest G. phyllura was 10 months and still immature. Maximum reported sizes for G. phyllura and C. calyx exceed those of our examined specimens, and therefore their longevity likely exceeds 2 years, in particular if the females brood their eggs.
Latitude: 36.700000 * Longitude: -122.050000
Date/Time Start: 2010-08-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-08-31T00:00:00
Monterey_Submarine_Canyon (Midwater1) * Latitude: 36.700000 * Longitude: -122.050000 * Date/Time Start: 2010-08-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2013-08-31T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1600.0 m * Location: Monterey Bay, California * Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV)
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