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Westerhold, Thomas; Röhl, Ursula; Donner, Barbara; Zachos, James C (2017): Completing a benthic-isotope record from ODP Site 198-1209. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883390, Supplement to: Westerhold, T et al. (2018): Global extent of early eocene hyperthermal events - a new Pacific benthic foraminiferal isotope record from Shatsky Rise (ODP Site 1209). Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 33(6), 626-642, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017PA003306

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Abstract:
Studying the dynamics of past global warming events during the late Paleocene to middle Eocene informs our understanding of Earth's carbon cycle behavior under elevated atmospheric pCO2 conditions. Due to sparse data coverage, the spatial character of numerous hyperthermal events during this period is still poorly constrained. Here we present a high‐resolution, benthic foraminiferal stable isotope record for northwest Pacific ODP Site 1209 (Leg 198) spanning 44 to 56 Ma with 5 kyr resolution. An existing Paleocene section was extended into the middle Eocene creating an unprecedented 22 myr single‐site record. Several identified carbon isotope excursions correspond in timing and magnitude to hyperthermal layers previously described elsewhere. Maxima in scanning XRF Fe intensities and pronounced minima in the wt% coarse fraction characterize carbonate dissolution for all of the hyperthermal events. The new astronomically‐calibrated stable oxygen isotope record assists in defining the onset, duration, and demise of the Early Eocene Climate Optimum (EECO, 49.14 to 53.26 Ma) and the onset of global cooling after the EECO (49.14 Ma). The cooling trend was interrupted by two warming episodes at 47.2 and 46.7 Ma. A major positive shift in the benthic foraminiferal carbon isotope record occurring from 51.2 to 51.0 Ma is now confirmed to be global. Benthic foraminiferal δ13C records from Atlantic and Pacific Oceans converge from 52.0 to 47.5 Ma pointing to a closer connection of deep‐water convection initiating well in advance of the final connection ~40 Ma ago or an increase in bottom water formation around Antarctica.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 32.474432 * Median Longitude: 158.104632 * South-bound Latitude: 32.002183 * West-bound Longitude: 157.723200 * North-bound Latitude: 32.651700 * East-bound Longitude: 158.505983
Date/Time Start: 1982-05-23T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-10-12T00:00:00
Size:
12 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS01) Benthic stable isotope data for ODP Site 198-1209. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883334
  2. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS02) Coarse fraction data for ODP Site 198-1209. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883342
  3. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS03a) Fe intensities from XRF core scanning of ODP Site 198-1209. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883383
  4. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS03b) Fe intensities from XRF core scanning of ODP Site 198-1210. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883384
  5. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS03b) Fe intensities from XRF core scanning of ODP Site 198-1211. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883385
  6. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS04) Correlation of DSDP Site 86-577, ODP Site 198-1210 and ODP Site 198-1211 to ODP Site 198-1209 revised composite depth. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883344
  7. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS05) Offsets applied to DSDP Site 86-577. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883345
  8. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS06) Revised splice DSDP Site 86-577. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883346
  9. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS07a) DSDP Hole 86-577A mapping pairs to correlate off-splice intervals to the splice. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883394
  10. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS07b) DSDP Hole 86-577B mapping pairs to correlate off-splice intervals to the splice. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883395
  11. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2017): (DS07star) DSDP Site 86-577 mapping pairs to correlate off-splice intervals to the splice. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.883387
  12. Westerhold, T; Röhl, U; Donner, B et al. (2018): (Table S1) Age model of ODP Site 198-1209. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.890987