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Wekerle, Claudia; Wang, Qiang; von Appen, Wilken-Jon; Danilov, Sergey; Schourup-Kristensen, Vibe; Jung, Thomas (2017): Eddy-permitting and eddy-resolving simulations of the Fram Strait ocean dynamics with the Finite-Element Sea-Ice Ocean Model (FESOM), links to NetCDF files. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Wekerle, C et al. (2017): Eddy-Resolving Simulation of the Atlantic Water Circulation in the Fram Strait With Focus on the Seasonal Cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122(11), 8385-8405,

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Eddy driven recirculation of Atlantic Water (AW) in the Fram Strait modifies the amount of heat that reaches the Arctic Ocean, but is difficult to constrain in ocean models due to very small Rossby radius there. In this study we explore the effect of resolved eddies on the AW circulation in a locally eddy-resolving simulation of the global Finite-Element-Sea ice-Ocean-Model (FESOM) integrated for the years 2000-2009, by focusing on the seasonal cycle. An eddy-permitting simulation serves as a control run. Our results suggest that resolving local eddy dynamics is critical to realistically simulate ocean dynamics in the Fram Strait. Strong eddy activity simulated by the eddy-resolving model, with peak in winter and lower values in summer, is comparable in magnitude and seasonal cycle to observations from a long-term mooring array, whereas the eddy-permitting simulation underestimates the observed magnitude. Furthermore, a strong cold bias in the central Fram Strait present in the eddy-permitting simulation is reduced due to resolved eddy dynamics, and AW transport into the Arctic Ocean is increased with possible implications for the Arctic Ocean heat budget.
Given the good agreement between the eddy-resolving model and measurements, it can help filling gaps that point-wise observations inevitably leave. For example, the path of the West Spitsbergen Current offshore branch, measured in the winter months by the mooring array, is shown to continue cyclonically around the Molloy Deep in the model, representing the major AW recirculation branch in this season.
Latitude: 80.000000 * Longitude: 0.000000
Fram-Strait * Latitude: 80.000000 * Longitude: 0.000000 * Location: Fram Strait
Two simulations are archived here: a simulation that is eddy-permitting in the wider Fram Strait area ("FESOM_4.5km", 4.5 km mesh resolution), and an eddy-resolving simulation in the wider Fram Strait area ("FESOM_1km", 1 km mesh resolution). The archived data consist of monthly mean fields of sea surface height, temperature, salinity and zonal, meridional and vertical velocity for the years 2001-2009, and contain a subset of the global simulation results covering the domain 72°N-87°N, 40°W-40°E. Furthermore, files containing the mesh information for both simulations are archived. The data format is NetCDF.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1File contentContentWekerle, Claudia
2File nameFile nameWekerle, Claudia
3File formatFile formatWekerle, Claudia
4File sizeFile sizekByteWekerle, Claudia
5Uniform resource locator/link to fileURL fileWekerle, Claudia
100 data points

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