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Bessler, Holger; Engels, Christof; Ravenek, Janneke; Mommer, Liesje; de Kroon, Hans; Oram, Natalie; Chen, Hongmei; Weigelt, Alexandra; Luo, Guangjuan; Meyer, Sebastian Tobias (2017): Collection of data on belowground plant biomass and morphological root parameters in the Jena Experiment. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880330

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Abstract:
This collection contains measurements of standing below ground biomass, belowground biomass productivity and morphological root parameters measured on the Main Experiment plots of a large grassland biodiversity experiment (the Jena Experiment; see further details below). In the Main Experiment, 82 grassland plots of 20 x 20 m were established from a pool of 60 species belonging to four functional groups (grasses, legumes, tall and small herbs). In May 2002, varying numbers of plant species from this species pool were sown into the plots to create a gradient of plant species richness (1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 60 species) and functional richness (1, 2, 3, 4 functional groups). Since 2010, plots were weeded three times per year.
The following series of datasets are contained in this collection:
1. Standing below ground biomass: Coarse and fine root biomass was measured in 2003, 2004, 2006 and 2008 in 0 - 30 cm depth. In 2011 and 2014, total root biomass was sampled down to 40 cm depth. Some years report the data divided into sublayers. Every year, several soil cores were taken per plot and pooled before the whole bulk material or a subsample was washed for roots. Roots were dried at 60 - 70 °C and weighed. Standing root biomass was calculated as g m-2.
2. Below ground biomass productivity in 0 - 30 cm depth: Coarse and fine root biomass production from June to September 2003, September 2003 to July 2004 and July 2007 to June 2008 was measured by the ingrowth core method. In 2008, the data is reported divided into sublayers. Each time, five soil cores were taken per plot and replaced by root free soil from the field site. The initially root-free ingrowth cores were removed after a while and pooled plot-wise. To extract the newly formed roots, a subsample of the bulk material was washed for roots. Roots were dried at 70 °C and weighed. Root biomass productivity was calculated as g m-2. In addition, C- (only in 2003 and 2004) and N-concentration of the fine roots was determined.
3. Morphological root parameters of newly formed roots in 0 - 30 cm depth: Root length density and mean root diameter of newly formed roots from June to September 2003 and September 2003 to July 2004 were measured by the ingrowth core method. Each time, five soil cores were taken per plot and replaced by root free soil from the field site. The initially root-free ingrowth cores were removed after a while and pooled plot-wise. To extract the newly formed roots, a subsample of the bulk material was washed and scanned. Root length and mean diameter were determined by using WinRhizo (Regent Instruments, Quebec, Canada).
4. Morphological root parameters of standing roots in 0 - 30 cm depth: In 2004, mean diameter of standing roots was measured by sampling three soil cores per plot. To extract the standing roots, a subsample of the bulk material was washed and scanned. Mean diameter was determined by using WinRhizo (Regent Instruments, Quebec, Canada).
Related to:
Bessler, Holger; Temperton, Vicky; Roscher, Christiane; Buchmann, Nina; Schmid, Bernhard; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Weisser, Wolfgang W; Engels, Christof (2009): Aboveground overyielding in grassland mixtures is associated with reduced biomass partitioning to belowground organs. Ecology, 90(6), 1520-1530, https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0867.1
Ravenek, Janneke; Bessler, Holger; Engels, Christof; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Gessler, Arthur; Gockele, Annette; De Luca, Enrica; Temperton, Vicky; Ebeling, Anne; Roscher, Christiane; Schmid, Bernhard; Weisser, Wolfgang W; Wirth, Christian; de Kroon, Hans; Weigelt, Alexandra; Mommer, Liesje (2014): Long-term study of root biomass in a biodiversity experiment reveals shifts in diversity effects over time. Oikos, 123(12), 1528-1536, https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.01502
Scherber, Christoph; Mwangi, Peter N; Schmitz, Martin; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Bessler, Holger; Engels, Christof; Eisenhauer, Nico; Migunova, Varvara D; Scheu, Stefan; Weisser, Wolfgang W; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Schmid, Bernhard (2010): Biodiversity and belowground interactions mediate community invasion resistance against a tall herb invader. Journal of Plant Ecology-Uk, 3(2), 99-108, https://doi.org/10.1093/jpe/rtq003
Project(s):
Coverage:
Latitude: 50.946100 * Longitude: 11.611300
Date/Time Start: 2003-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2014-12-31T00:00:00
Comment:
This data set is an ongoing collection of data on standing below ground biomass an below ground biomass productivity in the Jena Experiment. Please refer to the individual datasets below. Additional data might be available (more recent years). If you are interested in this data, please directly contact the authors via the Jena Experiment data manager [Hyperlink: http://www.the-jena-experiment.de/Contact.html].
In case you want to cite this collection please use: "Bessler, Holger; Engels, Christof; Ravenek, Janneke; Mommer, Liesje; de Kroon, Hans; Oram, Natalie; Chen, Hongmei; Weigelt, Alexandra; Luo, Guangjuan; Meyer, Sebastian Tobias (2017): Collection of data on belowground plant biomass and morphological root parameters in the Jena Experiment, http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.880330 (downloaded [DATE])"
Size:
10 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Belowground biomass productivity from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2007). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880329
  2. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Morphological root parameters of newly formed roots from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2003). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880326
  3. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Belowground biomass productivity from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2003). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880328
  4. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Standing belowground plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2003). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880319
  5. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Standing belowground plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2004). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880320
  6. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Standing belowground plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2006). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880321
  7. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Standing belowground plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2008). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880322
  8. Ravenek, J; Mommer, L; de Kroon, H (2017): Standing belowground plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2011). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880323
  9. Oram, N; Chen, H; Mommer, L et al. (2017): Standing belowground plant biomass from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2014). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880324
  10. Bessler, H; Engels, C (2017): Morphological root parameters of standing roots from the Jena Experiment (Main Experiment, year 2004). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880327