Dubois-Dauphin, Quentin; Montagna, Paolo; Siani, Giuseppe; Douville, Eric; Wienberg, Claudia; Hebbeln, Dierk; Liu, Zhifei; Kallel, Nejib; Dapoigny, Arnaud; Revel, Marie; Pons-Branchu, Edwige; Taviani, Marco; Colin, Christophe (2017): Neodymium isotopic composition of mixed planktonic foraminifera species and epsilon-Nd of scleractinian cold-water corals. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880303, Supplement to: Dubois-Dauphin, Q et al. (2017): Hydrological variations of the intermediate water masses of the western Mediterranean Sea during the past 20 ka inferred from neodymium isotopic composition in foraminifera and cold-water corals. Climate of the Past, 13(1), 17-37, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-13-17-2017
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We present the neodymium isotopic composition (epsilon-Nd) of mixed planktonic foraminifera species from a sediment core collected at 622 m water depth in the Balearic Sea, as well as epsilon-Nd of scleractinian cold-water corals (CWC; Madrepora oculata, Lophelia pertusa) retrieved between 280 and 442 m water depth in the Alboran Sea and at 414 m depth in the southern Sardinian continental margin. The aim is to constrain hydrological variations at intermediate depths in the western Mediterranean Sea during the last 20 kyr. Planktonic (Globigerina bulloides) and benthic (Cibicidoides pachyderma) foraminifera from the Balearic Sea were also analyzed for stable oxygen (d18O) and carbon (d13C) isotopes. The foraminiferal and coral epsilon-Nd values from the Balearic and Alboran seas are comparable over the last ~13 kyr, with mean values of -8.94 ± 0.26 (1 Sigma; n = 24) and -8.91 ± 0.18 (1 Sigma; n = 25), respectively. Before 13 ka BP, the foraminiferal epsilon-Nd values are slightly lower (-9.28 ± 0.15) and tend to reflect higher mixing between intermediate and deep waters, which are characterized by more unradiogenic epsilon-Nd values. The slight epsilon-Nd increase after 13 ka BP is associated with a decoupling in the benthic foraminiferal d13C composition between intermediate and deeper depths, which started at ~16 ka BP. This suggests an earlier stratification of the water masses and a subsequent reduced contribution of unradiogenic epsilon-Nd from deep waters. The CWC from the Sardinia Channel show a much larger scatter of epsilon-Nd values, from -8.66 ± 0.30 to 5.99 ± 0.50, and a lower average (-7.31 ± 0.73; n = 19) compared to the CWC and foraminifera from the Alboran and Balearic seas, indicative of intermediate waters sourced from the Levantine basin. At the time of sapropel S1 deposition (10.2 to 6.4 ka), the epsilon-Nd values of the Sardinian CWC become more unradiogenic (-8.38 ± 0.47; n = 3 at ~8.7 ka BP), suggesting a significant contribution of intermediate waters originated from the western basin. We propose that western Mediterranean intermediate waters replaced the Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW), and thus there was a strong reduction of the LIW during the mid-sapropel (~8.7 ka BP). This observation supports a notable change of Mediterranean circulation pattern centered on sapropel S1 that needs further investigation to be confirmed.
Median Latitude: 37.743528 * Median Longitude: 1.769136 * South-bound Latitude: 35.350667 * West-bound Longitude: -3.556500 * North-bound Latitude: 38.703000 * East-bound Longitude: 8.912500
Date/Time Start: 2009-06-05T08:49:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-06-07T14:03:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Dubois-Dauphin, Q; Montagna, P; Siani, G et al. (2017): (Table 1) U-series ages and epsilon-Nd values obtained for cold-water coral samples collected from sediment core RECORD 23 (Sardinia Channel). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880285
- Dubois-Dauphin, Q; Montagna, P; Siani, G et al. (2017): (Table 2) epsilon-Nd values obtained for cold-water corals from the southern Alboran Sea. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880296
- Dubois-Dauphin, Q; Montagna, P; Siani, G et al. (2017): (Table 3) AMS 14C ages of samples of the planktonic foraminifer G. bulloides from "off-mound" sediment core SU92-33. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880298
- Dubois-Dauphin, Q; Montagna, P; Siani, G et al. (2017): (Table 4) Multiproxy data obtained for the upper 2.1m of sediment core SU92-33 (Balearic Sea). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880302