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Schulz, Hartmut (1995): Age models and foraminifera assemblages from sediment profiles of the North Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.877864, Supplement to: Schulz, H (1995): Meeresoberflächentemperaturen vor 10.000 Jahren - Auswirkungen des frühholozänen Insolationsmaximums = Sea-surface temperatures 10,000 years B.P. - consequences of the early Holocene insolation maximum. Berichte-Reports, Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut der Universität Kiel, 73, 156 pp, https://doi.org/10.2312/reports-gpi.1995.73

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Abstract:
Based on foraminiferal transfer-functions, the distribution patterns of early Holocene sea- surface temperatures (SST) were studied, using the information from 154 deep-sea sediment cores (92 Atlantic, 62 Indian Ocean and Western Pacific). For our reconstruction, we employed a uniform high-resolution, AMS 14C-calibrated d18O-chronology, converted to a calendar timescale, and the new SIMMAX-Transfer-Technique in the Atlantic Oceans (Pflaumann et al. in press).
The short-term SST fluctuations during the last 30,000 years are not directly related to the relatively slow changes in insolation during this period, reaching maximum seasonal deviations from modern values at approximaterly 11,000 years B.P. Although seasonal changes in solar radiation must have triggered global warming to the modern, interglacial mode, there is little evidence for linear warming and heat transport by ocean currents.
The SIMMAX-temperature estimates indicate an early and rapid warming in the Equatorial Atlantic, as well as in the eastern North Atlantic, where modern SSTs were reached for a short time between 20,000 to 16,000 kalendar-years B.P. On a core transect crossing the Island-Faroer Ridge, the history of high-latitude warming along the eastern margins of the big North Atlantic gyres was reconstructed. Prior to the Younger Dryas cold interval (12,000 kalendar years), SSTs of the Norwegian Greenland Sea were still at glacial levels. After the Younger Dryas, there was a rapid inflow of warm Atlantic surface waters into the Norwegian-Greenland basins.
In the northern Indian Ocean, the SST-patterns were totally different from the Atlantic during the last 20,000 years. Temperature variations did not exeed 2-3°C in the open ocean. During the Last Glacial Maximum (18,000 years B.P.), temperatures were higher than today whereas they were lowest during the early Holocene. This was caused by changes in the monsoon-induced oceanic upwelling intensity. At this time trade winds off Northwest Africa were also stronger, related to the stronger seasonal constrasts in insolation. Perhaps, the atmospheric circulation was generally enhanced at 10,000 years B.P.
High-resolution SST-records from the southern Ocean (Pichon et al. 1992) indicate a slight asymmetry between the two Hemispheres. At 10,000 years B.P, SSTs were 1-2°C higher than today in the southern Indian Ocean. At the same time, somewhat colder SSTs imply still cool, boreal conditions in the middle and high latitudes of the northern hemisphere.
Although SSTs of both seasons are only little different from the modern patterns, differences in the direction and strength of the major ocean currents are indicated by internally consistent positive and negative temperature anomaly fields. They were found in both, in the lower and in the high latitudes. The distribution of the anomalies in the North Atlantic further suggests, that the remnants of the ice shields still had a strong impact on the SST distribution. The particulary stronger insolation in the high northern latitudes during summers had nearly no influence.
Finally, many details in the SST fluctuations and in the distribution of temperature anomalies imply a more dynamic surface circulation than today which may be the most characteristic difference between the early Holocene and modern surface ocean.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 38.473879 * Median Longitude: 11.706222 * South-bound Latitude: -55.008300 * West-bound Longitude: -131.100000 * North-bound Latitude: 77.460000 * East-bound Longitude: 177.988330
Date/Time Start: 1954-08-08T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1993-09-22T00:00:00
Size:
87 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminiferal assemblage for the 10kyr time slice from different sediment cores. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.51969
  2. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core 108-659A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134090
  3. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GeoB1113-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134092
  4. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK11944-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134138
  5. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK13289-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134140
  6. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core GIK13289-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107745
  7. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK14807-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134142
  8. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core GIK16396-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134052
  9. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK16396-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134116
  10. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core GIK16773-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134056
  11. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK16773-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134114
  12. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core GIK16773-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107746
  13. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core GIK16856-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107747
  14. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17045-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134118
  15. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17049-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134120
  16. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17050-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134122
  17. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17051-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134124
  18. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17054-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134126
  19. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17724-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134128
  20. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17725-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134130
  21. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core GIK17730-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134058
  22. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17730-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134132
  23. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK17732-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134134
  24. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23041-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134094
  25. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23043-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134096
  26. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23055-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134098
  27. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23056-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134100
  28. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23065-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134102
  29. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23066-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134104
  30. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23068-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134106
  31. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core GIK23071-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134054
  32. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23071-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134108
  33. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core GIK23071-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107748
  34. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23071-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134110
  35. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23074-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134112
  36. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core GIK23074-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107749
  37. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23243-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134160
  38. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23246-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134162
  39. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23256-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134144
  40. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core GIK23419-8. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134136
  41. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core HM79-4/6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134082
  42. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core MD84-527. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134068
  43. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core MD84-551. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134070
  44. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core Q208. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134156
  45. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core RC11-120. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134060
  46. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SO42-74KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134066
  47. Schulz, H (1995): Factor analysis of planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SO42-74KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.51954
  48. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SO42-74KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134146
  49. Schulz, H (1995): Sea surface temperatures calculated for sediment core SO42-74KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.51953
  50. Schulz, H (1995): Coarse fraction of sediment core SO90-43KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55224
  51. Schulz, H (1995): Grey values of sediment core SO90-43KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55222
  52. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotopes on G. ruber from sediment core SO90-43KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.131552
  53. Schulz, H (1995): Organic carbon in sediment core SO90-43KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55227
  54. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SO90-93KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.58692
  55. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotopes from G. ruber and sound velocity from sediment core SO90-93KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55230
  56. Schulz, H (1995): Age determinations on sediment core SO90-111KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55234
  57. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SO90-111KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55229
  58. Schulz, H (1995): Grey values and organic carbon content of sediment core SO90-111KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55231
  59. Schulz, H (1995): Age determinations on sediment core SO90-136KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.58684
  60. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SO90-136KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55232
  61. Schulz, H (1995): Grey values and organic carbon content of sediment core SO90-136KL. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55233
  62. Schulz, H (1995): Coarse fraction of sediment core SO90-137KA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55225
  63. Schulz, H (1995): Grey values of sediment core SO90-137KA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55223
  64. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotopes on G. ruber from sediment core SO90-137KA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.131551
  65. Schulz, H (1995): Organic carbon in sediment core SO90-137KA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55228
  66. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SU81-18. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134072
  67. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SU90-I02. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134074
  68. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SU90-I02. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134148
  69. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU90-I02. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107750
  70. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SU90-I03. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134076
  71. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SU90-I03. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134150
  72. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU90-I03. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107751
  73. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU90-I04. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107752
  74. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SU90-I06. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134078
  75. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SU90-I06. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134152
  76. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU90-I06. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107753
  77. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU90-I07. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107754
  78. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SU90-I08. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134080
  79. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SU90-I08. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134154
  80. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU90-I08. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107755
  81. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core SU92-21. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134084
  82. Schulz, H (1995): Planktic foraminifera assemblage in sediment core SU92-21. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134158
  83. Schulz, H (1995): Stable isotope analysis on planktic foraminifera in sediment core SU92-21. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.107756
  84. Schulz, H (1995): Sea surface temperatures calculated for 10 ka BP from planktic foraminifera. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134167
  85. Schulz, H (1995): Sea surface temperatures calculated for today from planktic foraminifera. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134165
  86. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core V23-81. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134062
  87. Schulz, H (1995): Age model of sediment core V28-14. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.134064